The JHCPYV employs a multi- sectored, public health framework and developmental and ecological perspectives towards understanding and preventing youth violence. The proposed continuum of interventions will deploy a Safe Streets (CeaseFire) intervention to provide outreach to high-risk youth, mediate potentially violent conflicts, and promote community-wide social norms that eschew violence. This collaborative effort will be linked with complementary evidence-based programs in the schools to prevent bullying, and promote safe and supportive environments, social-emotional learning, and positive youth development in order to prevent violence. The Center will use a variety of data sources on the physical and social environment to identify and remedy conditions that facilitate violence, including problem alcohol outlets and abandoned houses as well as positive social interactions. The Center also proposes to expand and enhance school-based services in another community so it can contrast the outcomes in a community receiving a multifaceted community and school intervention with one only targeting schools and one that will not receive special enhancements.
In 2011, the JHCPYV received the Injury Prevention and Control Health Impact Award from Dr. Linda Degutis, Director of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The Directors of the JHCPYV are Drs. Philip Leaf, Daniel Webster, Catherine Bradshaw, and Debra Furr-Holden of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. In 2009 Dr. Bradshaw and in 2006 Dr. Furr-Holden received a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE).
The Center was created with a five-year grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2000 as an Academic Research Center of Excellence (ACE). The Johns Hopkins Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence is one of ten Academic Centers of Excellence. The Center was re-funded in 2011 as well as 6 other centers of Academic Research Centers of Excellence.
To prevent youth violence and promote positive youth development in Baltimore City by creating academic-community collaborations that extend, evaluate and improve efforts to: 1) monitor and detect fatal and non-fatal youth violence; 2) conduct research aimed at identifying malleable factors related to youth violence and research on interventions that reduce youth violence and associated morbidity and mortality; and 3) create policies and practices that prevent youth violence.
The Center collaborates with a coalition of researchers, faculty, students and staff from Baltimore-based academic centers and partners, state and local officials, collaborators from Baltimore and Maryland-based agencies and organizations, as well as parents, local residents, and youth. The three goals of the Center are to: 1) create and sustain an administrative infrastructure to support implementation and evaluation activities, 2) create, implement, and evaluate a multifaceted, evidence-based approach to youth violence prevention in a high-risk Baltimore community, and 3) integrate training activities for early career researchers, educators, practitioners, community residents, and youth in youth violence prevention to complement the implementation and evaluation activities of the JHCPYV.. As outlined in our logic model, the Center’s goals are consistent with those of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC), including: 1) supporting research aimed at generating and disseminating more effective practices for reducing injury-related death and disability; 2) implementing better procedures for monitoring and detecting fatal and non-fatal injuries; and 3) increasing the capacity of injury prevention and control programs to prevent injuries and violence through collaborations, education and training