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Center for Human Nutrition

Rolf Klemm
Associate Scientist
Academic Degrees
MPH, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 1985
DrPH, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, 2003
Departmental Affiliation
International Health
Human Nutrition
Departmental Address
615 North Wolfe St., W2505
Baltimore, MD 21205
Phone: 410-614-2848
Fax: 410-955-0196
Research and Professional Experience

My research interests include: 1. The design and evaluation of nutrition interventions to improve maternal and child health and survival, and infant and child growth. These interventions include micronutrient supplementation, food fortification and behavior-change strategies. 2. Food and nutrition policy- and decision-making 3. Using intervention performance data to enhance implementation of nutrition interventions. To date, my research has encompassed the design and conduct of xerophthalmia and food frequency surveys, the evaluation of an infant feeding education program, rapid nutritional assessments of high-risk communities, qualitative assessments of feeding behaviors and beliefs, and the design and conduct of a wheat-flour fortification trial. Countries previously worked or currently working in include the Philippines, Nepal, Zambia, Sri Lanka, Egypt, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Uganda, India and Pakistan.


International Health, Vitamin A; child growth; maternal nutrition; micronutrient deficiencies; fortification; program evaluation; public health nutrition; infant and young child feeding; child survival; food and nutrition policies; newborn vitamin A supplementation; Bangladesh; Pakistan; Philippines; Tanzania; Nepal; Uganda; Zambia

Honors and Awards

Teaching Excellence-2009

Selected Publications


Klemm RDW, Merrill RD, Wu L, Shamim AA, Ali H, Labrique A, Christian P, West KP Jr. Low birth weight rates higher among Bangladeshi neonates measured during active birth surveillance compared to national survey data.  Maternal and Child Nutrition (in press)

Dhillon CN, Subramaniam H, Mulokozi G, Rambeloson Z, Klemm R. "Overestimation of Vitamin A Supplementation Coverage in Government Tally Sheets Demonstrate Importance of Population-based Surveys for Program Improvement: Lessons from Tanzania.  PLoS One (in press)


Christian P, Klemm R, Shamim AA, Ali H, Rashid M, Shaikh S, Wu L, Mehra S,

Labrique A, Katz J, West KP Jr

Christian P, Klemm R, Shamim AA, Ali H, Rashid M, Shaikh S, Wu L, Mehra S,Labrique A, Katz J, West KP Jr  Effects of vitamin A and β-carotene supplementation on birth size and length of gestation in rural Bangladesh: a cluster-randomized trial.  Am J Clin Nutr. 2013 Jan;97(1):188-94



Kim JM, Labrique A, West KP, Rashid M, Shamim AA, Ali H, Ullah B, Wu L, Massie A, Mehra S, Klemm R, Christian P.  Maternal morbidity in early pregnancy in rural northern Bangladesh.  Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2012 Dec;119(3):227-33



Coles CL, Labrique A, Saha SK, Ali H, Al-Emran H, Rashid M, Christian P, West KP Jr, Klemm R. Newborn Vitamin A Supplementation Does Not Affect Nasopharyngeal Carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Bangladeshi Infants at Age 3 Months. J Nutr. 2011 Oct;141(10):1907-11.

West KP Jr, Christian P, Labrique AB, Rashid M, Shamim AA, Klemm RD, Massie AB, Mehra S, Schulze KJ, Ali H, Ullah B, Wu LS, Katz J, Banu H, Akhter HH, Sommer A. Effects of vitamin A or beta carotene supplementation on pregnancy-related mortality and infant mortality in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomized trial. JAMA. 2011 May 18;305(19):1986-95

Klemm RDW, "Supplementation: Role of Micronutrient Supplementation", in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, Second Edition, Editor-in-Chief: Benjamin Caballero; Editors: Lindsay Allen and Andrew Prentice; Elsevier Publishers, in press.

Klemm R, Sommerfelt AE, Boyo A, Barba C, Kotecha P, Steffen M, and Franklin N. Are We Making Progress on Reducing Anemia in Women? Cross-country Comparison of Anemia Prevalence, Reach and Use of Antenatal Care and Anemia Reduction Interventions. AED, March 2011.

Klemm RDW, Pokharel RK, Bichha RP, Nargis M, Mahmud Z, Oot L, Mehta P, Sharma J, Maharjan MR, Paudyal N, Sharma N, Rashid M. Testing the feasibility of delivering vitamin A to newborns in Nepal and Bangladesh. Sight and Life, 2011,25:30-37

Labrique AB, Christian P, Klemm RD, Rashid M, Shamim AA, Massie A, Schulze K, Hackman A, West KP Jr. A cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled, maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation trial in Bangladesh: design and methods. Trials. 2011 Apr 21;12:102.

Sugimoto JD, Labrique AB, Ahmad S, Rashid M, Shamim AA, Ullah B, Klemm RD, Christian P, West KP Jr. Epidemiology of tornado destruction in rural northern Bangladesh: risk factors for death and injury. Disasters. 2011 Apr;35(2):329-45.

Steinglass R, Cherian T, Vandelaer J, Klemm RD, Sequeira J. Development and use of the Lives Saved Tool (LiST): a model to estimate the impact of scaling up proven interventions on maternal, neonatal and child mortality. Int J Epidemiol. 2011 Apr;40(2):519-20.


Gunnsteinsson S, Labrique AB, West KP Jr, Christian M, Shamim AA, Rashid M, Katz J, Klemm RDW. Constructing Indices of rural Living Standards in Northwestern Bangladesh, J Health Popul Nutr, 2010 28(5) 509-19

Klemm RDW, West KP Jr., Palmer AC, Johnson Q, Randall P, Ranum P, Northrop-Clewes C. Vitamin A Fortification of Wheat Flour—Considerations and Current Recommendations. Food and Nutrition Bulletin Supplement, 2010, 31: S47-S61

West KP Jr, Klemm RDW, Sommer A. Vitamin A saves lives. Sound science, sound policy. [Commentary] World Nutrition, October 2010, 1, 5: 211-229

Klemm RDW, Newborn Vitamin A Supplementation – Conflicting Results or Explanatory Contextual Factors? Sight and Life Magazine, 2010, 1:27-28.

Rah JH, Shamim AA, Arju UT, Labrique AB, Klemm RD, Rashid M, Christian P. Difference in ponderal growth and body composition among pregnant vs. never-pregnant adolescents varies by birth outcomes. Maternal and Child Nutrition. 2010, 6:27–37

West KP Jr, Christian P, Katz J, Labrique A, Klemm R, Sommer A. Effect of vitamin A supplementation on maternal survival. Lancet. 2010 Sep 11;376(9744):873-4

West KP Jr, Klemm RDW, Sommer A. Vitamin A saves lives. Sound science, sound policy. [Commentary] World Nutrition, October 2010, 1, 5: 211-229


West KP, Sommer A, Tielsch, Katz J, Christian P, Klemm RDW. A Central Question Not Answered: Can Newborn Vitamin A Reduce Infant Mortality in South Asia? BMJ Rapid Response. 2 April 2009.

Klemm RDW, Harvey P, Wainwright E, Faillace S, Wasantwisut E. Scaling up micronutrient programs: What works and what needs more work? The 2008 Innocenti Process. August 2009, Micronutrient Forum, Washington, D.C.

West KP, Sommer A, Tielsch, Katz J, Christian P, Klemm RDW. A Central Question Not Answered: Can Newborn Vitamin A Reduce Infant Mortality in South Asia? BMJ Rapid Response. 2 April 2009.

Christian P, Shahid F, Rizvi A, Klemm RDW, Bhutta Z. Treatment effectiveness of iron-folic acid for curing severe anemia and efficacy of additional regimens of multivitamins and anthelminthics in enhancing cure among pregnant women in Karachi, Pakistan, AJCN, 2009, 89:853-61

Bhutta Z., Klemm RDW, Shahid F, Rizvi A, Rah JH, Christian P. Treatment response to iron and folic acid alone is the same as with multivitamins and/or anthelminthics in severely anemic 6-24 mo old children. J Nutr. 2009 Aug;139(8):1568-74.


Klemm RDW, Labrique AB, Christian P, Rashid M, Shamim AA, Katz J, Sommer A, West KP Jr: Newborn vitamin A supplementation reduced infant mortality in rural Bangladesh. Pediatrics 2008;122:e242-e250.

Tielsh J, Klemm RDW, West KP Jr, Katz J, Humphrey J, Christian P, Sommer A. Newborn Vitamin A Dosing and Early Infant Survival-Current Evidence and Controversy. Sight and Life Newsletter, July 2008.


Sugimoto JD, Labrique AB, Ahmad S, Rashid MS, Klemm RDW, Christian P, West KP Jr. Developing a Geographic Information System for Health Research in a Developing Country Setting: A Case-Study from Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 2007 Dec 24(4) 1-12.


Solon FS, Klemm RD, Sanchez L, Darnton-Hill I, Craft NE, Christian P, West KP Jr. Efficacy of a vitamin A-fortified wheat-flour bun on the vitamin A status of Filipino schoolchildren. Am J Clin Nutr. 2000 Sep;72(3):738-44.

Klemm RDW, Villate E, Tuason CS, Bayugo G, Mendoza OM. A Prevalence Study of Xerophthalmia in the Philippines: Implications for Supplementation Strategies, Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 1993; 24:617-623.


Rolf Klemm Photo