Skip Navigation

News

2016 News Releases

  1. Menthol-Like Cigarettes Still Sold in Canada Despite Ban

    Researchers say marketing of new cigarettes that look like menthol violates spirit of new laws in Alberta and Nova Scotia.
    Wed, 20 Jul 2016 14:09:43 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/menthol-like-cigarettess-still-sold-in-canada-despite-ban.html
  2. Majority of Physicians Have Favorite Patients, Study Finds

    Physicians like the majority of their patients, but a majority like some more than others, a study led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health finds.
    Wed, 20 Jul 2016 13:50:38 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/majority-of-physicians-have-favorite-patients-study-finds.html
  3. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Names Two New Deans

    Laura Morlock, PhD, MA, has been appointed executive vice dean for academic affairs at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Elizabeth Stuart, PhD, MA, has been named associate dean for education.
    Wed, 20 Jul 2016 13:22:25 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/johns-hopkins-bloomberg-school-of-public-health-names-two-new-deans.html
  4. Gates Institute Announces ‘The Challenge Initiative’

    The Bill & Melinda Gates Institute for Population and Reproductive Health is launching The Challenge Initiative, a global urban reproductive health program supported by a three-year, $42 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
    Tue, 19 Jul 2016 18:48:07 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/gates-institute-announces-the-challenge-initiative.html
  5. Study: Fracking Industry Wells Associated With Increased Risk of Asthma Attacks

    People with asthma who live near bigger or larger numbers of active unconventional natural gas wells operated by the fracking industry in Pennsylvania are 1.5 to four times likelier to have asthma attacks than those who live farther away.
    Mon, 18 Jul 2016 16:37:51 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/study-fracking-industry-wells-associated-with-increased-risk-of-asthma-attacks.html
  6. New Control Strategies Needed for Zika and Other Unexpected Mosquito-Borne Outbreaks

    A recent spate of unexpected mosquito-borne disease outbreaks – including the Zika virus – have highlighted the need to better understand the development and spread of little-known diseases and for new strategies to control them.
    Thu, 14 Jul 2016 18:06:03 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/new-control-strategies-needed-for-zika-and-other-unexpected-mosquito-borne-outbreaks.html
  7. Male Circumcision, HIV Treatment Can Significantly Reduce Infections in African Men

    Increasing the number of men who undergo circumcision and increasing the rates at which women with HIV are given antiretroviral therapy were associated with significant declines in new male HIV infections in rural Uganda, new research suggests.
    Tue, 12 Jul 2016 15:02:55 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/male-circumcision-hiv-treatment-can-significantly-reduce-infections-in-african-men.html
  8. Study: One-Third of Hospitals in Developing World Lack Running Water

    A study of 430 hospitals in the developing world found that more than one-third lacked running water, a deficiency that can lead to unsanitary conditions for patients in general and dangerous conditions for those who need surgery.
    Wed, 22 Jun 2016 13:32:13 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/study-one-third-of-hospitals-in-developing-world-lack-running-water.html
  9. Drones Could Be Cheaper Alternative To Delivering Vaccines in Developing World

    Deploying drones in low- and middle-income countries could also improve vaccination rates.
    Tue, 21 Jun 2016 14:05:23 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/drones-could-be-cheaper-alternative-to-delivering-vaccines-in-developing-world.html
  10. Breaking the Cycle of Obesity

    Adequate folate levels in obese pregnant women may substantially reduce risk that their children will become overweight or obese
    Tue, 14 Jun 2016 16:00:38 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/breaking-the-cycle-of-obesity.html
  11. Six in Ten Adults Prescribed Opioid Painkillers Have Leftover Pills

    Despite abuse epidemic, physicians prescribing more pills than patients are using; patients say they will save extra pills for future use.
    Tue, 14 Jun 2016 12:39:33 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/six-in-ten-adults-prescribed-opioid-painkillers-have-leftover-pills.html
  12. Study: News Stories Often Link Violence With Mental Health Illness, Even Though People With Mental Health Illness Are Rarely Violent

    Nearly 4 in 10 news stories about mental illness analyzed by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health connect mental illness with violent behavior, even though less than 5 percent of violence in the U.S. is directly related to mental illness.
    Tue, 07 Jun 2016 11:50:12 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/study-news-stories-often-link-violence-with-mental-health-llness-even-though-people-with-mental-health-illness-are-rarely-violent.html
  13. Residents Concerned About Use of Genetically Modified Mosquitoes To Curb Insect Population

    Small survey of residents in the Florida Keys suggests reasons for lack of support for novel way to combat mosquito that carries Zika, dengue, chikungunya.
    Mon, 06 Jun 2016 13:42:08 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/residents-concerned-about-use-of-genetically-modified-mosquitoes-to-curb-insect-population.html
  14. Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health Names New Director

    Allison Barlow has been named the new director of the Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health.
    Thu, 02 Jun 2016 17:01:22 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/johns-hopkins-center-for-american-indian-health-names-new-director.html
  15. Florida Drug Database and ‘Pill Mill’ Regs Curbed State’s Top Opioid Prescribers, Study Suggests

    In the first year that two Florida laws aimed at curbing opioid prescriptions were in effect, the state’s top opioid prescribers wrote significantly fewer prescriptions of this type of pain medication, new research suggests.
    Thu, 02 Jun 2016 15:23:40 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/florida-drug-database-and-pill-mill-regs-curbed-states-top-opioid-prescribers-study-suggests.html
  16. How the Great Recession Weighed on Children

    Researchers find link between increasing unemployment rates and increases in the risk of becoming overweight during economic downturn.
    Thu, 02 Jun 2016 15:01:28 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/how-the-great-recession-weighed-on-children.html
  17. Women May Be Able To Reduce Breast Cancer Risk Predicted By Their Genes

    Women with a high risk of developing breast cancer based on family history and genetic risk can still reduce the chance they will develop the disease in their lifetimes by following a healthy lifestyle.
    Thu, 26 May 2016 17:20:26 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/women-may-be-able-to-reduce-breast-cancer-risk-predicted-by-their-genes.html
  18. Study: Unmet Surgical Needs High for World’s 60 Million Refugees

    The world’s estimated 60 million refugees, displaced from their homes due to conflict, persecution or human rights violations, may need at least 2.78 million surgeries a year.
    Thu, 26 May 2016 16:59:47 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/study-unmet-surgical-needs-high-for-worlds-60-million-refugees.html
  19. Too Much Folate in Pregnant Women Increases Risk for Autism, Study Suggests

    Researchers say that while folate deficiency is bad for developing fetus, excessive amounts could also be harmful
    Wed, 11 May 2016 14:47:40 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/too-much-folate-in-pregnant-women-increases-risk-for-autism-study-suggests.html
  20. Children in Developing World Infected With Parasite – Even Without Appearing Ill – May Be More Prone to Stunted Growth

    Research finds Cryptosporidium infects more than 75 percent of poor children in Bangladeshi slum; more than half experience stunting
    Wed, 04 May 2016 20:21:36 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/children-in-developing-world-infected-with-parasite-even-without-appearing-ill-may-be-more-prone-to-stunted-growth.html
  21. Number of HIV Infections Falling in United States, But Fails to Meet Reduction Goals

    The number of new HIV infections in the U.S. decreased by 11 percent from 2010 to 2015, significant progress but short of goals outlined by the White House in 2010.
    Tue, 03 May 2016 13:56:23 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/number-of-hiv-infections-falling-in-united-states-but-fails-to-meet-reduction-goals.html
  22. Nonprofit Hospitals Earn Substantial Profits

    Seven of top 10 most profitable U.S. hospitals are nonprofit, a new study by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers finds.
    Mon, 02 May 2016 19:55:07 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/nonprofit-hospitals-earn-substantial-profits.html
  23. Study: Even a Little Air Pollution May Have Long-Term Health Effects on Developing Fetus

    Researchers find biological evidence linking air pollution to intrauterine inflammation, a condition associated with adverse pregnancy and child outcomes.
    Wed, 27 Apr 2016 14:12:44 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/study-even-a-little-air-pollution-may-have-long-term-health-effects-on-developing-fetus.html
  24. The High Cost of Norovirus Worldwide

    Wed, 27 Apr 2016 12:22:06 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/the-high-cost-of-norovirus-worldwide.html
  25. Expert Panel Issues Recommendations for Health IT

    A national group of health information experts has issued recommendations to guide the new field of population health informatics.
    Tue, 19 Apr 2016 18:14:24 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/expert-panel-issues-recommendations-for-health-it.html
  26. Scientists Develop Recipe for Testosterone-Producing Cells

    Series of growth factors and other proteins encourage stem cells to proliferate and differentiate into cells that make male hormone.
    Thu, 14 Apr 2016 15:52:55 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/scientists-develop-recipe-for-testosterone-producing-cells.html
  27. Changes in State Policies Impact Fatal and Non-Fatal Assaults of Law Enforcement Officers

    A new study finds that state-level policy changes can impact the number of fatal and non-fatal assaults, including shootings, of law enforcement officers.
    Wed, 13 Apr 2016 15:01:56 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/changes in-state-policies-impact-fatal-and-non-fatal-assaults-of-law-enforcement-officers.html
  28. Coordinated Response Could Reduce Spread of Emerging Superbug in Health Facilities by More Than 75 Percent, Study Suggests

    Infection control measures recommended by CDC could dramatically stave spread of resistant bacteria, a study led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health suggests.
    Tue, 12 Apr 2016 13:20:29 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/coordinated-response-could-reduce-spread-of-emerging-superbug-in-health-facilities-by-more-than-75-percent-study-suggests.html
  29. Maryland’s 2011 Alcohol Sales Tax Reduced Alcohol Sales, Study Suggests

    Maryland’s 2011 increase in the alcohol sales tax appears to have led to fewer purchases of beer, wine and liquor in the state, suggesting reduced alcohol use, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research indicates.
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 15:58:31 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/maryland-2011-alcohol-sales-tax-reduced-alcohol-sales-study-suggests.html
  30. Millions of Maternal and Child Lives Could Be Saved Every Year for Less Than $5 a Person

    Millions of maternal and child lives could be saved every year by spending less than $5 on health care services such as contraception, medication, nutritional supplements, concludes an analysis led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
    Mon, 11 Apr 2016 12:29:42 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/millions-of-maternal-and-child-lives-could-be-saved-every-year-for-less-than-5-dollars-a-person.html
  31. U.S. Autism Rate Unchanged in New CDC Report

    Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new CDC report that finds the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder ( largely unchanged from two years ago, at one in 68 children.
    Thu, 31 Mar 2016 18:08:27 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/u-s-autism-rate-unchanged-in-new-cdc-report.html
  32. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health To Offer First Fully Online Masters Degree

    The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health will offer its first wholly online, part-time masters degree program beginning this fall.
    Wed, 30 Mar 2016 13:18:12 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/johns-hopkins-bloomberg-school-of-public-health-to-offer-first-fully-online-masters-degree.html
  33. Leading Global Health Commission Calls for Reform of Drug Policies Worldwide

    A leading global public health commission is calling for new policies that would transform our approach to drug use, addiction and control worldwide, including the decriminalization of minor and non-violent drug offenses.
    Thu, 24 Mar 2016 14:13:42 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/leading-global-health-commission-calls-for-reform-of-drug-policies-worldwide.html
  34. Last Piece of Dengue Vaccine Puzzle Found Effective in Small Trial

    A vaccine against elusive dengue 2 virus that was developed at the National Institutes of Health protected against infection in 100 percent of people who received it in a small clinical trial led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.
    Wed, 16 Mar 2016 18:21:26 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/last-piece-of-dengue-vaccine-puzzle-found-effective-in-small-trial.html
  35. Rat Problems in Poor Neighborhoods Linked to Depressive Symptoms

    Rodent infestations considered on par with other woes in low-income areas such as vacant housing, drug sales and threats of violence, study finds.
    Wed, 16 Mar 2016 13:57:43 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/rat-problems-in-poor-neighborhoods-linked-to-depressive-symptoms.htlm
  36. Using Generic Cancer Drug Could Save Many Millions of Dollars

    New research suggests little risk, huge financial upside of putting patients with chronic myeloid leukemia on generic form of Gleevec
    Tue, 15 Mar 2016 15:24:29 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/using-generic-cancer-drug-could-save-many-millions-of-dollars.html
  37. Global Shift in Farmed Fish Feed May Impact Nutritional Benefits Ascribed to Consuming Seafood

    A move toward plant-based feeds alters the environmental footprint of farm-raised seafood, may change levels of healthy fatty acids in these fish.
    Mon, 14 Mar 2016 15:15:19 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/global-shift-in-farmed-fish-feed-may--impact-nutritional-benefits-ascribed-to-consuming-seafood.html
  38. Bloomberg School Receives $18 Million to Sustain and Expand Family Planning Advocacy Efforts

    The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has received an $18 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to sustain and expand the Advance Family Planning (AFP) initiative.
    Wed, 09 Mar 2016 20:08:26 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/bloomberg-school-receives-18-million-dollars-to-sustain-and-expand-family-planning-advocacy-efforts.html
  39. Johns Hopkins Center for Refugee and Disaster Response Names New Director

    Paul Spiegel, MD, MPH ’96, a high-ranking official at the United Nations Refugee Agency, has been named the new director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Refugee and Disaster Response
    Mon, 07 Mar 2016 14:35:36 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/johns-hopkins-center-for-refugee-and-disaster-response-names-new-director.html
  40. Johns Hopkins Bioethicist Will Chair Board Overseeing Historic Million-Person NIH Research Study

    Johns Hopkins bioethicist Nancy Kass, ScD, will chair the NIH institutional review board overseeing a landmark research study that plans to enroll 1 million participants in an effort to best utilize electronic medical records to improve healthcare.
    Mon, 07 Mar 2016 13:37:56 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/johns-hopkins-bioethicist-will-chair-board-overseeing-historic-million-person-nih-research-study.html
  41. Industry Initiatives to Prevent Drinking and Driving Lack Scientific Evidence of Effectiveness, Study Suggests

    Researchers find that the most effective interventions, such as use of sobriety checkpoints and ignition interlocks, are rarely used in industry-sponsored programs.
    Thu, 18 Feb 2016 20:09:16 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/industry-initiatives-to-prevent-drinking-and-driving-lack-scientific-evidence-of-effectiveness-study-suggests.html
  42. Adderall Misuse Rising Among Young Adults

    Prescriptions for the stimulant Adderall unchanged, but study led by Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health researchers finds more nonmedical use and emergency room visits among adults.
    Tue, 16 Feb 2016 17:07:33 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/adderall-misuse-rising-among-young-adults.html
  43. Researchers: Peer Review System for Awarding NIH Grants Is Flawed

    Funding mechanism no better than random for choosing projects that will produce most-cited science, analysis suggests.
    Tue, 16 Feb 2016 17:01:49 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/researchers-peer-review-system-for-awarding-nih-grants-is-flawed.html
  44. ‘Invisible Work’ Takes Toll on Unpaid Caregivers

    Family and friends who help older people with health care are more likely to experience emotional, physical and financial difficulties.
    Mon, 15 Feb 2016 17:14:58 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/invisible-work-takes-toll-on-unpaid-caregivers.html
  45. Researchers Create ‘Mini-Brains’ in Lab To Study Neurological Diseases

    Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health say they have developed tiny “mini-brains” made up of many of the neurons and cells of the human brain – and even some of its functionality – and which can be replicated on a large scale.
    Fri, 12 Feb 2016 18:38:37 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/researchers-create-mini-brains-in-lab-to-study-neurological-diseases.html
  46. Public Health Researchers Map World’s ‘Chemical Landscape’

    Researchers have created a map of the world’s chemical landscape, a catalogue of safety data for 10,000 chemicals, that they say can predict the toxicity of many of the 90,000-plus substances in consumer products for which there is no such information.
    Fri, 12 Feb 2016 13:39:04 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/public-health-researchers-map-worlds-chemical-landscape.html
  47. Expanding Use of Vaccines Could Save Up to $44 for Every Dollar Spent, Study Suggests

    Vaccinations could have significant economic value that far exceeds their original cost, a new study has found.
    Mon, 08 Feb 2016 20:04:35 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/expanding-use-of-vaccines-could-save-up-to-44-dollars-for-every-dollar-spent-study-suggests.html
  48. Obesity, Diabetes in Mom Increases Risk of Autism in Child

    Children born to obese women with diabetes are more than four times as likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder than children of healthy weight mothers without diabetes, new research suggests.
    Sun, 31 Jan 2016 14:03:09 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/obesity-diabetes-in-mom-increases-risk-of-autism-in-child.html
  49. Smartphone App Linked to Increase in Contraceptive Use in India

    A smartphone app containing videos developed to help married rural women in India better understand contraceptive choices led to a dramatic increase in the number of women using modern family planning methods in just a few months.
    Fri, 29 Jan 2016 10:09:37 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/smartphone-app-linked-to-increase-in-contraceptive-use-in-india.htm-
  50. Violent Crime Lower Near Drug Treatment Centers Than Other Commercial Areas

    New research suggests there may actually be less serious crime near drug-treatment clinics than other community businesses.
    Fri, 29 Jan 2016 09:49:56 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/violent-crime-lower-near-drug-treatment-centers-than-other-commercial-areas.html
  51. Life Expectancy Three Years Longer for Children Born Into Smaller Families in Developing World

    Children born into smaller families in the world’s poorest nations will live an expected three years longer than those born into larger families, new research suggests.
    Wed, 27 Jan 2016 15:35:18 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/life-expectancy-three-years-longer-for-children-born-into-smaller-families in-developing-world.html
  52. Better Access to Contraceptives Means More Sex for Married Couples

    Married couples in low- and middle-income countries around the world that use contraception are having more frequent sexual intercourse than those that do not, new research suggests.
    Tue, 26 Jan 2016 15:25:06 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/better-access-to-contraceptives-means-more-sex-for-married-couples.html
  53. Community-Level Violence Linked to Teens’ Risky Sexual Behavior

    Teens’ experiences with violence — either through fear, observation or being observing violent events, or being victims themselves — are associated with how likely they are to have sex and use condoms, new research suggests.
    Tue, 26 Jan 2016 15:14:13 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/community-level-violence-linked-to-teens-risky-sexual-behavior.html
  54. Survey: Most Americans Support Smart Guns

    Nearly 60 percent of Americans, if they buy a new handgun, are willing to purchase a smart or childproof gun, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests.
    Thu, 21 Jan 2016 21:45:53 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/survey-most-americans-support-smart-guns.html
  55. Legal, Policy Changes Can Lead to Shifts in Use of Medical Marijuana

    Legal and policy changes since 2001 had varying effects on the number of people consuming medical marijuana, research finds.
    Wed, 20 Jan 2016 14:58:27 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/legal-policy-changes-can-lead-to-shifts-in-use-of-medical-marijuana.html
  56. Estrogen Protective Against Flu Virus in Women But Not Men, Study Suggests

    Estrogen dramatically reduced the amount of flu virus that replicated in infected cells from women but not from men, a new study shows.
    Tue, 19 Jan 2016 13:49:25 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/estrogen-protective-against-flu-virus-in-women-but-not-men-study-suggests.html
  57. Model ‘No Buy’ Criteria Could Dramatically Reduce Youth Exposure to TV Alcohol Ads

    A set of “no buy” list criteria developed could greatly reduce underage viewers’ exposure to alcohol advertising on cable TV, a new study finds.
    Wed, 13 Jan 2016 10:54:43 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/model-no-buy-criteria-could-dramatically-reduce-youth-exposure-to-tv-alcohol-ads.html
  58. Anemic, Underweight Pregnant Women at Greater Risk for Deadly Hepatitis E, Study Suggests

    Study finds link between pre-existing nutritional deficits and immune dysfunction and the risk of hepatitis E infection during pregnancy.
    Wed, 13 Jan 2016 00:38:40 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/anemic-underweight-pregnant-women-at-greater-risk-for-deadly-hepatitis-e-study-suggests.html
  59. New Tool Estimates Looming Risk of Kidney Failure in People With Kidney Disease

    An online tool combining results of common medical tests can accurately estimate the risk of whether someone with chronic kidney disease will develop kidney failure in the next two to five years.
    Tue, 12 Jan 2016 17:49:28 GMThttp://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2016/new-tool-estimates-looming-risk-of-kidney-failure-in-people-with-kidney-disease.html

Media Contacts for the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: Stephanie Desmon at sdesmon1@jhu.edu or 410-955-7619 and Barbara Benham at bbenham1@jhu.edu or 410-614-6029.