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Abdullah Baqui, MBBS

  • Professor

Departmental Affiliations

Center & Institute Affiliations

Contact Information

615 N. Wolfe Steet
Room E8153
Baltimore, Maryland 21205

410-955-3850
410-614-1419

International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health

SciVal Research Profile

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Education

DrPH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1990
MPH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 1985
MBBS, University of Dhaka Medical College, 1976

Overview

My current research is directed towards the improvement of neonatal, child, and maternal health in low-income countries by enhancing the understanding of the major causes of neonatal, child, and maternal morbidity and mortality by designing and testing cost-effective public health interventions against them, and by conducting evaluation and implementation research in support of large programs. I decided to focus my research efforts primarily on neonatal health because this is a much neglected area. Globally, about 3.0 million neonates die each year and there are at least an additional 2.6 million still births. About 60% of all deaths in the first year of life and about 44% of <5 deaths occur in the first 28 days of life. Millennium Development Goal (MDG) for child survival could not be achieved by many countries because of continuing high neonatal mortality. I felt that as a physician and epidemiologist I was in a unique position to make contributions in this area because of my experience with conducting numerous large field trials in the broad area of child health. In addition, I could apply the lessons that I have learnt in health systems and policy work to neonatal and maternal health. Also, my experience in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa would allow me to address this issue in those regions where the vast majority of the global neonatal and maternal deaths occur.

During the last sixteen years of my service with the IH department, I have successfully raised funds to develop large scale research projects and established partnerships and field sites. I currently have active projects in Bangladesh and Tanzania. These studies are evaluating integrated packages and single interventions to improve newborn and maternal health. The design and scope of these studies are diverse ranging from cluster randomized trials to large scale program evaluations to technical assistance to influence programs and policies.

My other interests are related to the use of evidence in policy and programs, including the development of research capacity and strengthening of public health training and education. I assist national governments, WHO and other international entities with the development of policies intended to improve public health, particularly health of neonates, children, and mothers.

Keywords: Neonatal Health, Child Heath, Maternal Health, Urban Health, Micronutrients for Health, Infectious Diseases, Community Randomized Trials, Field Trials, Operations Research, Program Evaluation, policy support.

Other university affiliations: International Center for Maternal and Newborn Health, Institute for International Programs

Honors and Awards

2012: Dory Storms recognition award by CORE group for outstanding research on new-born and child health and for vision, concern, intelligence, commitment, and love for people in the developing world.

2012: Bangladesh Medical Association of North America (BMANA) recognition award for exceptional efforts resulting in more effective maternal and newborn health program that has improved the health of the poorest of the poor including mothers, children and infants in underserved communities throughout the world.

2008: Received the “first global health faculty grant” awarded by the Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health

2008: The Lancet’s paper of the year 2008

1986-1986: The International Nutrition Foundation (INF) fellowship to continue graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University

1984-1986: United Nations University (UNU) fellowship to pursue graduate studies at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

  • International Health
  • newborn health
  • child health
  • maternal health
  • diarrhea
  • pneumonia
  • malnutrition
  • infectious diseases
  • micronutrient
  • zinc
  • urban health

I have about 220 publications in peer reviewed journals. Several of my papers contributed to development of new national and global policies and programs.

  • Baqui AH, Arifeen SE, Darmstadt GL, Ahmed S, Williams EK, Seraji HR, Mannan I, Rahman SM, Shah R, Saha SK, Syed U, Winch PJ, Santosham M, and Black RE for the Projahnmo Study Group. Impact of a package of community-based newborn care interventions implemented through two service delivery strategies in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2008; 371 (9628):1936–44
  • Baqui AH, Rosecrans AM, Williams EK, Agrawal PK, Ahmed S, Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, Kiran U, Panwar D, Ahuja RC, Srivastava VK, Black RE, Santosham M. NGO facilitation of a government’s community-based maternal and neonatal health programme in rural India: Improvements in equity. Health Policy and Planning 2008;23(4):234–43
  • Williams EK, Hossain MB, Sharma RK, Kumar V, Pandey CM, Baqui AH. Birth interval and risk of stillbirth or neonatal death: findings from rural north India. J Trop Pediatr. 2008 Apr 27 Rosecrans AM, Williams EK, Agrawal PK, Ahmed S, Darmstadt GL, Kumar V, Ahuja RC, Srivastava VK, Black RE, Santosham M, Baqui AH. Does emergency birth preparation associated with increased skilled care at birth? Evidence from rural Uttar Pradesh, India. Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine. 2008;1(3):145-52
  • Mannan I, Rahman SM, Sania A, Seraji HR, Mahmud ABM, Begum N, Arifeen SE, Winch P, Darmstadt GL, and Baqui AH for the Bangladesh Projahnmo Study Group. Can Early Postpartum Home Visits by Trained Community Health Workers Improve Breastfeeding of Newborns? Journal of Perinatology (2008), 1–9
  • Arifeen SE, Baqui AH. Treating Severe Pneumonia in Children: We can do better. Lancet; Vol 371 January 5, 2008