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International Health

November 10, 2016

Global Progress on Reducing Child Deaths Largely Due to Fewer of Main Infectious Diseases and Deaths during Birth

Causes of death
Global causes of under-5 deaths in 2015. The Lancet: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31593-8

Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health published the most up-to-date causes of deaths estimates among children under five at global, regional and country-level between 2000 and 2015.

The study, published in The Lancet, found that in 2015, 5.9 million children worldwide died before reaching the age of five, including 2.7 million newborns. Globally, 4 million fewer child deaths occurred in 2015 than in 2000, mainly thanks to reductions in deaths from pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, deaths during birth and measles. However, progress on reducing newborn deaths (deaths occurred in the first 28 days after birth) has been slower, meaning that as a whole, the world failed to reach the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target of reducing child deaths by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. Countries are advised to prioritize child survival policy and programs based on their child cause-of-death composition to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) child survival target.

Key findings

Global, regional, and national causes of under-5 mortality in 2000–15: an updated systematic analysis with implications for the Sustainable Development Goals, was written by Li Liu, Shefali Oza, Dan Hogan, Yue Chu, Jamie Perin, Jun Zhu, Joy Lawn, Simon Cousens, Colin Mathers, Robert E Black and was published online on The Lancet, November 10, 2016.

Contact for the Department of International Health: Brandon Howard at 410-502-9059 or brandonhoward@jhu.edu