Dr. Adnan Hyder, Director
Our program works to design systems and implement equitable and cost-effective strategies for delivering health care and health promotion interventions to disadvantaged and underserved communities in the U.S. and abroad.
The Health Systems' mandate is carried out through research, service, and training with and for the populations being served. Priority is given to populations stressed by economic, social, and political instability, many of which have also been displaced by conflict or natural disasters.
Our principal goal is to improve the capacity of communities to deliver the best possible preventive and curative care to their respective members. To accomplish this goal, our multidisciplinary faculty work in partnership with local governments and community leaders, ministries of health, community-based health and human service agencies, universities, and research institutes. We work with the communities to
- Determine the impact of existing health resources and delivery systems on health trends
- Strengthen their internal capacity to plan and manage improved health care programs
- Provide training and build the capacity to deliver consistent and high-quality health services at every level (local, regional, and national)
- Develop sustainable community-based interventions to promote future health and well-being
- Courses within the Health Systems Program focus on policy analysis; evaluation of national health systems; planning and managing national and global health programs; and
- Institution-building, teaching, and research in these same areas. Research priority is given to work in low- and middle-income countries and with disadvantaged populations.
Research article of the week
- May 23
Ira Stollak, Mario Valdez, Karin Rivas, Henry Perry. Casas Maternas in the Rural Highlands of Guatemala: A Mixed-Methods Case Study of the Introduction and Utilization of Birthing Facilities by an Indigenous Population. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2016 Mar 25;4(1):114-31. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-15-00266.
- May 16
Timothy Roberton, Jennifer Applegate, Amnesty E Lefevre, Idda Mosha, Chelsea M Cooper, Marissa Silverman, Isabelle Feldhaus, Joy J Chebet, Rose Mpembeni, Helen Semu, Japhet Killewo, Peter Winch, Abdullah H Baqui and Asha S George. Initial experiences and innovations in supervising community health workers for maternal, newborn, and child health in Morogoro region, Tanzania. Human Resources for Health (2015) 13:19 doi: 10.1186/s12960-015-0010-x
- May 9
Peter Waiswa, George Pariyo1, Karin Kallander, Joseph Akuze, Gertrude Namazzi, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Kate Kerber, Hanifah Sengendo, Patrick Aliganyira, Joy E. Lawn and Stefan Peterson, on behalf of the Uganda Newborn Study Team. Effect of the Uganda Newborn Study on care-seeking and care practices: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Glob Health Action 2015, 8: 24584. doi.org/10.3402/gha.v8.24584
- May 2
Bridget Pratt and Adnan A. Hyder (2015), Global Justice and Health Systems Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 43: 143–161. doi: 10.1111/jlme.12202
- April 25
Baqui AH, Williams E, El-Arifeen S, Applegate JA, Mannan I, Begum N, Rahman SM, Ahmed S, Black RE, Darmstadt GL; Projahnmo Study Group in Bangladesh. Effect of community-based newborn care on cause-specific neonatal mortality in Sylhet district, Bangladesh: findings of a cluster-randomized controlled trial. J Perinatol. 2016 Jan;36(1):71-6. doi: 10.1038/jp.2015.139. Epub 2015 Nov 5.
- April 18
Zachary Olson, John A Staples, Charles Mock, Nam Phuong Nguyen, Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Rachel Nugent, Stéphane Verguet. Helmet regulation in Vietnam: impact on health, equity and medical impoverishment. Inj Prev 2016;0:1–6. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2015-041650
- April 11
Christa L Fischer Walker, Sunita Taneja, Amnesty LeFevre, Robert E Black, and Sarmila Mazumder. Appropriate Management of Acute Diarrhea in Children Among Public and Private Providers in Gujarat, India: A Cross-Sectional Survey. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2015 Jun; 3(2): 230–241. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-14-00209
- April 4
Alain K. Koffi, Paul–Roger Libite, Seidou Moluh, Romain Wounang, Henry D. Kalter. Social autopsy study identifies determinants of neonatal mortality in Doume, Nguelemendouka and Abong–Mbang health districts, Eastern Region of Cameroon. J Glob Health. 2015 Jun;5(1):010413. doi: 10.7189/jogh.05.010413
- March 28
Antonio J Trujillo, Amanda Glassman, Lisa K Fleisher, Divya Nair4 and Denizhan Duran. Applying behavioural economics to health systems of low- and middle-income countries: what are policymakers’ and practitioners’ views? Health Policy and Planning 2014;1–12. doi:10.1093/heapol/czu052
- March 21
William M. Weiss, Laura K. Murray, Goran Abdulla Sabir Zangana, Zayan Mahmooth, Debra Kaysen, Shannon Dorsey, Kristen Lindgren, Alden Gross, Sarah McIvor Murray, Judith K. Bass and Paul Bolton. Community-based mental health treatments for survivors of torture and militant attacks in Southern Iraq: a randomized control trial. BMC Psychiatry (2015) 15:249. doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0622-7
- March 14
Adnan A. Hyder, Robyn Norton, Ricardo Pérez-Núñez, Francisco R. Mojarro-Iñiguez, Margie Peden, Olive Kobusingye and Road Traffic Injuries Research Network’s Group. The Road Traffic Injuries Research Network: a decade of research capacity strengthening in low- and middle-income countries. Hyder et al. Health Research Policy and Systems (2016) 14:14. doi: 10.1186/s12961-016-0084-5
- March 7
Sachiko Ozawa, Simrun Grewal, John F.P. Bridges. Household Size and the Decision to Purchase Health Insurance in Cambodia: Results of a Discrete-Choice Experiment with Scale Adjustment. Appl Health Econ Health Policy. 2016 Feb 10. [Epub ahead of print] DOI 10.1007/s40258-016-0222-9
- February 29
Olakunle Alonge and David H. Peters. Utility and limitations of measures of health inequities: a theoretical perspective. Glob Health Action 2015, 8: 27591. doi: 10.3402/gha.v8.27591
- February 22
Asha George, Daniela C Rodriguez, Kumanan Rasanathan, Neal Brandes and Sara Bennett. iCCM policy analysis: strategic contributions to understanding its character, design and scale up in sub-Saharan Africa. Health Policy and Planning, 30, 2015, ii3–ii11. doi: 10.1093/heapol/czv096
- February 15
Elin C. Larsson, Anna Mia Ekstrom, George Pariyo, Goran Tomson, Mohammad Sarowar1, Rose Baluka, Edward Galiwango, and Anna Ekeus Thorson. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Uganda: Modelling effectiveness and impact of scaling-up PMTCT services. Glob Health Action 2015, 8: 26308 - http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/gha.v8.26308
- February 8
Dagna Constenla and Samantha Clark. Financing dengue vaccine introduction in the Americas: challenges and opportunities. Expert Review of Vaccines, 2016. doi:10.1586/14760584.2016.1134329
- February 1
Mildred Shieshia, Megan Noel, Sarah Andersson, Barbara Felling, Soumya Alva, Smisha Agarwal, Amnesty Lefevre, Amos Misomali, Boniface Chimphanga, Humphreys Nsona, Yasmin Chandani. Strengthening community health supply chain performance through an integrated approach: Using mHealth technology and multilevel teams in Malawi. J Glob Health. 2014 Dec;4(2):020406. doi: 10.7189/jogh.04.020406.
- January 18
Rachel B. Slayton, Damon Toth, Bruce Y. Lee, Windy Tanner, Sarah M. Bartsch, et al. Vital Signs: Estimated Effects of a Coordinated Approach for Action to Reduce Antibiotic-Resistant Infections in Health Care Facilities — United States. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Aug 7;64(30):826-31. PMCID: PMC4654955
- January 11
James Bao, Daniela C Rodriguez, Ligia Paina, Sachiko Ozawa, Sara Bennett. Monitoring and Evaluating the Transition of Large-Scale Programs in Global Health. Glob Health Sci Pract. 2015 Dec 17;3(4):591-605. doi: 10.9745/GHSP-D-15-00221.
- January 4
Dustin G. Gibson, Benard Ochieng, Eunice W. Kagucia, David Obor,Frank Odhiambo, Katherine L. O’Brien, Daniel R. Feikin. Individual level determinants for not receiving immunization,receiving immunization with delay, and being severelyunderimmunized among rural western Kenyan children. Vaccine 33 (2015) 6778–6785. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.10.021
- December 14
Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, Nhan T. Tran, Shreya Agrawal, Adnan A. Hyder. The role of NGOs in child injury prevention: Anorganizational assessment of one network of NGOs. Health Policy 119 (2015) 74–81. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2014.10.010
- December 7
Katherine L O’Brien, Aruna Chandran, Robert Weatherholtz, Hasan S Jafri, M Pamela Griffi n, Terramika Bellamy, Eugene V Millar, Kathryn M Jensen, Brian S Harris, Raymond Reid, Lawrence H Moulton, Genevieve A Losonsky, Ruth A Karron, Mathuram Santosham, for the Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) Prevention study group. Efficacy of motavizumab for the prevention of respiratory syncytial virus disease in healthy Native American infants: a phase 3 randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Lancet Infect Dis. 2015 Dec;15(12):1398-408. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(15)00247-9. Epub 2015 Nov 4.
- November 30
Alain K. Koffi, Tiope Mleme, Humphreys Nsona, Benjamin Banda, Agbessi Amouzou, Henry D. Kalter. Social autopsy of neonatal mortality suggests needed improvements in maternal and neonatal interventions in Balaka and Salima districts of Malawi. JOGH 2015; 5: 010413. doi: 10.7189/jogh.05.010412
- November 23
Shirin Wadhwaniya, David Meddings, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Joan Ozanne-Smith, Shanthi Ameratunga & Adnan A. Hyder (2015). E-mentoring for violence and injury prevention: Early lessons from a global programme. Global Public Health, 10:4, 501-519, doi:10.1080/17441692.2014.1001766
- November 16
Antonio J. Trujillo, Sara E. Heins, Gerard F. Anderson, and Renan C. Castillo. Geographic Variability of Adherence to Occupational Injury Treatment Guidelines. J Occup Environ Med. 2014 Dec;56(12):1308-12. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000264
- November 9
Linda Bartlett, David Cantor, Pamela Lynam, Gurpreet Kaur, Barbara Rawlins, Jim Ricca, Vandana Tripathi & Heather E Rosen on behalf of the Quality of Maternal and Newborn Care Study Group of the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program. Facility-based active management of the third stage of labour: assessment of quality in six countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Bull World Health Organ 2015;93:759–767 | doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.14.142604
- November 2
William R. Brieger, Johannes U. Sommerfeld, Uche V. Amazigo, and CDI Network. The Potential for Community-Directed Interventions: Reaching Underserved Populations in Africa. Int Q Community Health Educ. 2015;35(4):295-316. doi: 10.1177/0272684X15592757. Epub 2015 Jul 15
- October 26
William M. Weiss, Laura K. Murray, Goran Abdulla Sabir Zangana, Zayan Mahmooth, Debra Kaysen, Shannon Dorsey, Kristen Lindgren, Alden Gross, Sarah McIvor Murray, Judith K. Bass and Paul Bolton. Community-based mental health treatments for survivors of torture and militant attacks in Southern Iraq: a randomized control trial. Weiss et al. BMC Psychiatry (2015) 15:249. Doi: 10.1186/s12888-015-0622-7
- October 19
Bridget Pratt and Adnan A. Hyder. Applying a Global Justice Lens to Health Systems Research Ethics: An Initial Exploration. Kennedy Inst Ethics J. 2015 Mar;25(1):35-66. doi: 10.1353/ken.2015.0005.
- October 12
Elizeus Rutebemberwa, Betty Mpeka, George Pariyo, Stefan Peterson, Edison Mworozi, Freddie Bwanga & Karin Källander. High prevalence of antibiotic resistance in nasopharyngeal bacterial isolates from healthy children in rural Uganda: A cross-sectional study. Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015; Early Online, 1–8.
- October 5
Asha George, Kerry Scott, Surekha Garimella, Shinjini Mondal, Rajani Ved, Kabir Sheikh. Anchoring contextual analysis in health policy and systems research: A narrative review of contextual factors influencing health committees in low- and middle-income countries. Soc Sci Med. 2015 May;133:159-67. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.03.049.
- September 28
Hossein Zare, Antonio J Trujillo, Julia Driessen, Mojtaba Ghasemi and Gisselle Gallego. Health inequalities and development plans in Iran; an analysis of the past three decades (1984–2010). International Journal for Equity in Health 2014, 13:42. doi: 10.1186/1475-9276-13-42
- Spetember 21
Isabelle Feldhaus, Marissa Silverman, Amnesty E. LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Dereck Chitama, Diwakar Mohan, Joy J. Chebet, David Urassa, Charles Kilewo, Marya Plotkin, Giulia Besana, Helen Semu, Abdullah H. Baqui, Peter J. Winch, Japhet Killewo and Asha S. George. Equally able, but unequally accepted: Gender differentials and experiences of community health volunteers promoting maternal, newborn, and child health in Morogoro Region, Tanzania. International Journal for Equity in Health (2015) 14:70. doi 10.1186/s12939-015-0201-z
- September 14
Henry D. Kalter, Abdoulaye–Mamadou Roubanatou, Alain Koffi, Robert E. Black. Direct estimates of national neonatal and child cause-specific mortality proportions in Niger by expert algorithm and physician-coded analysis of verbal autopsy interviews. J Glob Health. 2015 Jun;5(1):010415. doi: 10.7189/jogh.05.010415
- August 31
Kavi Bhalla and Dinesh Mohan. Safety of young children on motorized two-wheelers around the world: A review of the global epidemiological evidence. IATSS Research 38 (2015) 83–91. doi: 10.1016/j.iatssr.2014.11.001
- August 24
Jaime Haver, William Brieger, Jérémie Zoungrana, Nasratullah Ansari, Jean Kagoma. Experiences engaging community health workers to provide maternal and newborn health services: Implementation of four programs. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015 Jun;130 Suppl 2:S32-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ijgo.2015.03.006.
- August 17
H. Graham, M. Tokhi, A. Edward, A.S. Salehi, S. Turkmani, T. Duke and L. Bartlett. Use of clinical guidelines: perspectives from clinicians in paediatric and maternity hospitals in Kabul, Afghanistan. East Mediterr Health J. 2015 Apr 2;21(2):100-10.
- August 10
Christine Buttorff, Antonio J. Trujillo, Francisco Diez-Canseco, Antonio Bernabe-Ortiz, J. Jaime Miranda. Evaluating consumer preferences for healthy eating from Community Kitchens in low-income urban areas: A discrete choice experiment of Comedores Populares in Peru. Soc Sci Med. 2015 Jul 3;140:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.06.033
- August 3
Allison Portnoy, Sachiko Ozawaa, Simrun Grewal, Bryan A. Normanb,Jayant Rajgopal, Katrin M. Gorhama, Leila A. Haidarid, Shawn T. Browne, Bruce Y. Lee. Costs of vaccine programs across 94 low- and middle-income countries. Vaccine 33S (2015) A99–A108. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.12.037
- July 27
A. Camielle Noordam, Asha George, Alyssa B. Sharkey, Arzu Jafarli, Salina S. Bakshi, and Julia C. Kim. Assessing Scale-Up of mHealth Innovations Based on Intervention Complexity: Two Case Studies of Child Health Programs in Malawi and Zambia. Journal of Health Communication: International Perspectives. Journal of Health Communication, 0:1–11, 2015 doi:10.1080/10810730.2014.965363
- July 20
Elaine Roman, Augustine Ngindu, Bright Orji, Jérémie Zoungrana, Sarah Robbins, William Brieger. Evolution of malaria in pregnancy control: Jhpiego’s 10-year contribution. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 130 (2015) S62–S67. doi: 0.1016/j.ijgo.2015.03.009
- July 13
M. Hafizur Rahmana, Smisha Agarwal, Susan Tuddenham, Heather Peto, Mohammad Iqbal, Abbas Bhuiya and David H. Peters. What do they do? Interactions between village doctors and medical representatives in Chakaria, Bangladesh. Int. Health (2015) 7 (4): 266-271. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihu077
- June 29
Jeannette Liliana Amaya, Fernando Ruiz, Antonio J. Trujillo, and Christine Buttorff. Identifying barriers to move to better health coverage: preferences for health insurance benefits among the rural poor population in La Guajira, Colombia. Int J Health Plann Mgmt (2014). doi: 10.1002/hpm.2268
- June 15
David Bishai1, Karampreet Sachathep, Amnesty LeFevre, Hnin New Nwe Thant, Min Zaw, Tin Aung, Willi McFarland, Dominic Montagu and Social Franchising Research Team. Cost-effectiveness of using a social franchise network to increase uptake of oral rehydration salts and zinc for childhood diarrhea in rural Myanmar. Cost Effectiveness and Resource Allocation 2015, 13:3. doi:10.1186/s12962-015-0030-3
- June 8
A. Ager, G. Burnham, F. Checchi, M. Gayer, R. F. Grais, M. Henkens, M. B. F. Massaquoi, R. Nandy, C. Navarro-Colorado, P. Spiegel. Strengthening the evidence base for health programming in humanitarian crises. Science. 2014 Sep 12;345(6202):1290-2. doi: 10.1126/science.1254164
- June 1
Selena J An, Asha S George, Amnesty LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Diwakar Mohan, Ann Yang, Joy Chebet, Chrisostom Lipingu, Japhet Killewo, Peter Winch, Abdullah H Baqui and Charles Kilewo. Program synergies and social relations: implications of integrating HIV testing and counselling into maternal health care on care seeking. BMC Public Health (2015) 15:24. DOI 10.1186/s12889-014-1336-3.
- May 25
Allison Portnoy, Mark Jit, Jeremy Lauer, Adriaan Blommaert, Sachiko Ozawa,Meghan Stack, Jillian Murray, Raymond Hutubessy. Estimating costs of care for meningitis infections in low- and middle-income countries. Vaccine 33S (2015) A240–A247. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.11.061
- May 18
Henry B. Perry, Rose Zulliger, and Michael M. Rogers. Community Health Workers in Low-, Middle-, and High-Income Countries: An Overview of Their History, Recent Evolution, and Current Effectiveness. Annu. Rev. Public Health 2014. 35:399–421. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182354
- May 11
Abdullah H Baqui, Samir K Saha, A S M Nawshad Uddin Ahmed, Mohammad Shahidullah, Iftekhar Quasem, Daniel E Roth, A K M Samsuzzaman, Wazir Ahmed, S M Shahnawaz Bin Tabib, Dipak K Mitra, Nazma Begum, Maksuda Islam, Arif Mahmud, Mohammad Hefzur Rahman, Mamun Ibne Moin, Luke C Mullany, Simon Cousens, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen Wall, Neal Brandes, Mathuram Santosham, Robert E Black, for the Projahnmo Study Group in Bangladesh. Safety and efficacy of alternative antibiotic regimens compared with 7 day injectable procaine benzylpenicillin and gentamicin for outpatient treatment of neonates and young infants with clinical signs of severe infection when referral is not possible: a randomised, open-label, equivalence trial. Lancet Glob Health. 2015 May;3(5):e279-87. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70347-X. Epub 2015 Apr 1.
- May 4
Kathryn R Millar, Jennifer McCutcheon, Eugenie H Coakley, William Brieger, Mohammed A Ibrahim, Zainab Mohammed, Amos Bassi and William Sambisa. Patterns and predictors of malaria care-seeking, diagnostic testing, and artemisinin-based combination therapy for children under five with fever in Northern Nigeria: a cross-sectional study. Malaria Journal 2014, 13:447 doi:10.1186/1475-2875-13-447
- April 27
M. Hafizur Rahman, Katharine A. Allen, Adnan A. Hyder & Health Authority of Abu Dhabi (2014): Descriptive epidemiology of injury cases: findings from a pilot injury surveillance system in Abu Dhabi, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, DOI: 10.1080/17457300.2014.908225
- April 20
Erik D. Lindquist, C. M. George, Jamie Perin, Karen J. Neiswender de Calani, W. Ray Norman, Thomas P. Davis Jr, and Henry Perry. A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Childhood Diarrhea Using Hollow Fiber Water Filter and/or Hygiene–Sanitation Educational Interventions. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 91(1), 2014, pp. 190–197. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.13-0568.
- April 13
Krishna D Rao, Varduhi Petrosyan, Edson Correia Araujo & Diane McIntyre. Progress towards universal health coverage in BRICS: translating economic growth into better health. Bull World Health Organ 2014;92:429–435 | doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.13.127951
- April 6
Dagna Constenla. Assessing the economic benefits of vaccines based on the health investment life course framework: A review of a broader approach to evaluate malaria vaccination. Vaccine 33 (2015) 1527–1540.
- March 31
Selena J An, Asha S George, Amnesty LeFevre, Rose Mpembeni, Idda Mosha, Diwakar Mohan, Ann Yang, Joy Chebet, Chrisostom Lipingu, Japhet Killewo, Peter Winch, Abdullah H Baqui and Charles Kilewo. Program synergies and social relations: implications of integrating HIV testing and counselling into maternal health care on care seeking. BMC Public Health (2015) 15:24. DOI 10.1186/s12889-014-1336-3
- March 23
Stephanie D. Kruchten, Kristina M. Bacon, and Bruce Y. Lee. The impact of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection on the economic burden of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in Brazil and potential value of new CL drug treatments. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Sep;91(3):520-7. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.13-0309. Epub 2014 Jul 7.
- March 16
Olakunle Alonge, Shivam Gupta, Cyrus Engineer, Ahmad Shah Salehi and David H. Peters. Assessing the pro-poor effect of different contracting schemes for health services on health facilities in rural Afghanistan. Health Policy Plan. 2014 Dec 4. pii: czu127. [Epub ahead of print]
- March 9
Aisha I. Yansaneh, Lawrence H. Moulton, Asha S. George, Sowmya R. Rao, Ngozi Kennedy, Peter Bangura, William R. Brieger, Augustin Kabano and Theresa Diaz. Influence of community health volunteers on care seeking and treatment coverage for common childhood illnesses in the context of free health care in rural Sierra Leone. Trop Med Int Health. 2014 Dec;19(12):1466-76. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12383. Epub 2014 Sep 22
- March 2
Ager A, Burnham G, Checchi F, Gayer M, Grais RF, Henkens M, Massaquoi MB, Nandy R, Navarro-Colorado C, Spiegel P. Spiegel. Strengthening the evidence base for health programming in humanitarian crises. Science. 2014 Sep 12;345(6202):1290-2. doi: 10.1126/science.1254164.
- February 23
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Edward Galiwango, Daniel Kadobera, Jacob A Bentley, David Bishai, Stephen Wegener, Adnan A Hyder. A new screening instrument for disability in low-income and middle-income settings: application at the Iganga-Mayuge Demographic Surveillance System (IM-DSS), Uganda. BMJ Open 2014;4:e005795. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005795.
- February 16
Jessica K. Holzer, Lauren Ellis, and Maria W. Merritt. Why We Need Community Engagement in Medical Research. J Investig Med 2014 Aug;62(6):851-5.
- February 9
Clark T. Johnson, Azadeh Farzin, Irina Burd. Current Management and Long-term Outcomes Following Chorioamnionitis. Obstet Gynecol Clin N Am 41 (2014) 649–669.
- February 2
Andrew J Mirelman, Sachiko Ozawa, and Simrun Grewala. The economic and social benefits of childhood vaccinations in BRICS. Bull World Health Organ. Jun 1, 2014; 92(6): 454–456.