Sexual Violence: Coping with the
New Weapon of Mass Destruction
All over the world, rape and other forms of sexual violence are used as weapons, leaving behind a twisted path of emotional destruction. Millions of victims suffer from high rates of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms.
While successful treatments have helped victims in the developed world, not much has been known about treating women who have experienced sexual violence in resource-poor nations wracked by war. Until now.
Researchers from the School’s Center for Refugee and Disaster Response published a study this year showing that evidence-based group psychotherapy can be highly successful in treating the psychological trauma of rape and sexual violence in developing countries. Working in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, they found that using Cognitive Processing Therapy (CPT) in a group setting could produce dramatic results, offering hope to trauma survivors and their families.Read Full Story
A Care Package Before Birth
International Health professor Abdullah Baqui, MBBS, DrPH ’90, MPH ’85, is committed to saving the youngest lives.
The need is overwhelming: Globally, more than 3 million infants die in the first month of life.
An authority on newborn and maternal health, Baqui's seminal research clearly shows that basic care techniques and the use of community health workers and low-cost interventions can dramatically reduce newborn and maternal mortality rates throughout the developing world.
“I think we know what needs to be done now,” says Baqui in a 2014 NPR interview.
The challenge now, he says, is getting the lifesaving information out and training community care providers.
Children A Life Preserver
Every day, more than 32 children between the ages of 1 and 4 die from drowning in Bangladesh. These preventable deaths are so common, in fact, that drowning has become the leading cause of death among the country's children, claiming 12,000 young lives annually.
Researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s International Injury Research Unit are working hard to change these grim statistics. This year they launched the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) project, a series of interventions designed to raise awareness of the problem, stimulate adult participation and move children into safe environments such as community daycare centers or locally manufactured playpens.Read Full Story
The Mosquito House
Most people build houses to keep mosquitoes out. In 2014, The Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute (JHMRI) built a 6,500-square-foot warehouse designed to keep them in.
The new facility, dubbed “Ng’anda ya Masenya” (Tonga for “Mosquito House”), is the latest weapon in the anti-malarial arsenal deployed in the field by JHMRI faculty to better understand how to use genetic modification of mosquitoes to fight the dreaded disease.
Ng’anda ya Masenya will provide researchers with six independent experimental chambers, offices, and a mosquito-rearing and preparation facility to help streamline and advance their ongoing research.
Finding Data in the Desert
What does it take to boost the collective health of a community? Healthy food, for one.
The Bloomberg School’s Center for Human Nutrition and Center for a Livable Future are exploring ways to improve food access and choices in Baltimore’s food deserts, where fast and fried often trumps fresh and green, and carryouts outnumber grocery stores.
The desire for healthier diets is there. Previous studies found that stocking corner stores with more fruits and vegetables and displaying nutrition education messages in stores resulted in dramatic increases in healthy food purchases.
Researchers are currently analyzing the findings of a two-year program that reduced prices of healthy foods in a new neighborhood grocery store—data that could help to spur changes in the food desert landscape.Read Full Story