Approximately 1.3 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes. If no action is taken, road traffic injuries are predicted to become the fifth leading cause of death globally by 2030.
Scene in northern Mexico in March of 2009 following a crash that killed 11 people, most of them tourists.
Police said the driver of the truck was under the influence of alcohol. Photo courtesy of CBC News.
The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit is currently working with a consortium of partners to improve road safety in 10 low- and middle-income cities around the world.
The Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS) is a five-year, $125 million effort to reduce the burden of global road traffic injuries and fatalities. The project is focusing on 10 cities in nine low- and middle-income countries. Program partners are supporting cities to strengthen and implement proven solutions through key road safety interventions like helmet and seatbelt wearing and speed and drunk driving reduction.
The 10 cities involved in the project are Fortaleza and Sao Paulo, Brazil; Bogota, Colombia; Bandung, Indonesia; Bangkok, Thailand; Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; Accra, Ghana; Mumbai, India; and Shanghai, China. Along with the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, consortium partners include EMBARQ, Global New Car Assessment Program, Global Road Safety Partnership, National Association of City Transportation Officials, The Union North America, The World Bank-led Global Road Safety Facility, and the World Health Organization.
Learn more here.
BIGRS is the second phase of a road safety program that began in 2010 with The Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program (formerly the Road Safety in 10 Countries project, or RS10) in which JH-IIRU and five consortium partners focused road safety efforts on 10 low- and middle-income countries, Cambodia, China, Egypt, India, Kenya, Mexico, Russia, Turkey and Vietnam.
To date, JH-IIRU has published nearly 50 scientific papers on global road safety. Since 2012 JH-IIRU has published three special issues of scientific journals focused on the work being done in the Global Road Safety Program. The first "Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries: An Assessment from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries," published in Traffic Injury Prevention includes 11 scientific papers jointly authored with 50 colleagues from JH-IIRU and their in-country collaborators as well as the WHO, and highlights new and aggregate data collected and analyzed in the 10 participating countries during the first two years of the project. The papers range from investigating the rising trend of pedestrian and motorcycle passenger mortality in Brazil to examining the projected economic impact of the Global Road Safety Program, to reviewing national data sources of road traffic injuries in China.
Access the supplemental issue of Traffic Injury Prevention here.
The second, “Global Road Safety: Updates from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries," was published in December 2013 in the journal Injury and features 12 scientific papers jointly authored by nearly 50 JH-IIRU colleagues and collaborators from 30 institutions and organizations within the participating countries, and presents findings from the ongoing monitoring and evaluation activities in the ten participating countries This supplement also includes an evaluation of the trauma component of the program. The special issue of Injury also highlights the mixed methods approach of data collection and showcases both the successes as well as the challenges of collecting such data in real-world settings.
Access the supplemental issue of Injury here.
The third, "Global Road Safety: Monitoring Risks and Evaluating Programs," was published in March 2017 in the journal Public Health and features 10 scientific papers jointly authored by nearly 40 JH-IIRU colleagues and collaborators from more than 20 institutions and organizations. The special supplement of Public Health is a product of the monitoring and evaluation that was carried out during the five-year Global Road Safety Program. The special issue of Public Health is devoted to showcasing work that illustrates how road safety risk factors could be measured, collected and interpreted by local data collectors, and shared with local stakeholders.
Access the special supplement of Public Health here.
All special issues are available free of charge.