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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Keyword: vietnam

Recently, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) was awarded a five-year grant on injury training in Vietnam from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The grant will build on existing work between Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH), USA and Hanoi School of Public Health (HSPH), Vietnam – each with a great commitment to understanding the public health impact of trauma and injuries, experience and expertise in research, and a history of collaborative work. 

The D43 grant was awarded to JH-IIRU associate director, Dr. Abdulgafoor Bachani and JH-IIRU director, Dr. Adnan Hyder, who will serve as the principal investigators of this training program. Dr. Cuong Pham, director of the Center for Injury Policy and Prevention Research (CIPPR) at HSPH, will serve as the senior foreign investigator and co-investigator. 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 5 million people die globally each year from trauma, injuries and violence; with a disproportionate burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Vietnam as well as the Southeast Asia region, local capacity for research on trauma and injuries is lacking. The absence of comprehensive training programs in the science of trauma and injury prevention and the lifelong social and economic impact within the larger public health sector in Vietnam is a serious impediment to analytic work in this field. In addition, the lack of objective national data on the health of individuals, the socio-economic welfare of households, and the Vietnamese society does not allow the magnitude of the burden to be appreciated. 

The grant will address both of these barriers through a collaborative program which will train human resources in Vietnam to generate the data and apply it for concerted action to reduce the growing burden of trauma and injuries. 

The overall goal of the Johns Hopkins University-Hanoi School of Public Health Trauma and Injury Research Program in Vietnam (JHU-Hanoi TRIP) is to strengthen research capacity on injury and trauma in Vietnam, as well as their long term health, economic and societal consequences through an innovative model of sustainable capacity development. The objectives of the Johns Hopkins University-Hanoi School of Public Health Trauma and Injury Research Program in Vietnam include: to implement a capacity development model to address a major gap in injury and trauma research, a leading health burden in Vietnam and establish mechanisms to ensure long term sustainability for a strong research enterprise in Vietnam; to use the expertise developed at HSPH in teaching public health to strengthen research capacity in Southeast Asia; and to further strengthen the existing injury center at HSPH to support such research.

To read more, please click here.

Vietnam Collaborators

JH-IIRU faculty visit collaborators at Hanoi University of Public Health

BBC Reporter Mark Whitaker reports from Bangladesh and Vietnam. Former US Ambassador, Pete Peterson and founder of The Alliance for Safe Children, Aminur Rahman from the Center for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh, Justin Scarr of the Royal Life Saving Society-Australia and David Meddings, of WHO are featured.

Typical of many developing countries, Vietnam’s burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) is high—about half of all injury-related fatalities are from RTIs-- and as the population has increased, the number of motor vehicles has risen proportionately as well. And despite Vietnam having one of the strictest alcohol legislations in the region, a recent study concluded that more than 10% of all road traffic crashes were caused by alcohol.

Recently, members of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU), including associate faculty member Nhan T. Tran, associate director Abdulgafoor M. Bachani and Jeffrey C. Lunnen, along with their colleagues from the Hanoi School of Public Health and the World Health Organization, Vietnam, published a study aimed at illustrating the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAPs) around alcohol use and drinking and driving by age and sex in three provinces in Vietnam.

The study, entitled “Drinking and Driving in Vietnam: Public Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices,” which appears in the special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention, concluded that in order to effectively reduce the prevalence of drinking and driving in Vietnam, first understanding the prevailing attitudes surrounding the practice is essential.  The study found that an increased enforcement-based, multifaceted approach, which may include enhanced enforcement of existing legislation, increased social marketing and programs that provide alternatives to drinking and driving, is needed.

In the spring of 2012, The JH-IIRU published “Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries: An Assessment from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” a special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention as part of theRoad Safety in 10 Countries project (RS-10). This landmark publication includes 11 scientific papers jointly authored with 50 colleagues from JH-IIRU and their in-country collaborators that contribute much-needed new knowledge to the burgeoning issue of road traffic injuries in low- and middle- income countries.

You can access the full article along with the entire special issue here.

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