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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Leadership and faculty from the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU), and international partners led a one-week road safety course on the campus of Universidade de Fortaleza (UNIFOR) from August 5-9, 2019. The course, “Implementing Effective Road Safety Programs: Translating evidence to practice for road safety,” invited more than 70 participants from 20+ different cities in Brazil to gain training on the most important aspects of road safety through theoretical and practical sessions tailored for the Brazilian context.

JH-IIRU Director Dr. Abdul Bachani, along with core JH-IIRU faculty Dr. Andres Vecino Ortiz, and partners at the Global Road Safety Partnership and UNIFOR, based the course off of the twice-annual Global Road Safety Leadership Course (GRSLC), which builds leadership capacity to design, advocate for, and implement effective road safety programs and policies.

“This past week here in Fortaleza has demonstrated the investment the city and its local and regional leaders are making to improve road safety,” said Dr. Bachani. “The passion our Brazilian participants have in making their communities better, safer places is inspirational. We look forward to seeing this group apply lessons learned in the course in their day-to-day work.”

With sessions on everything from risk factors and leadership principles to successful cases of multisectoral action for road safety, the comprehensive curriculum sought to generate evidence-based skills and knowledge to the local and regional leaders in road safety, so they can improve design and policies in their own municipalities and departments.

Site visits – to such locations as roadside police checkpoints, bus rapid transit system, and local children’s hospital – provided participants with real-world applications of course content. Also, throughout the course, participants were divided into smaller cohorts for group work, before delivering final presentations at the conclusion of the course.

A number of GRSLC alumni reunited with course organizers. Luiza Amorim (GRSLC 2017), Omar Jacob (rGRSLC 2018), Dante Rosado (GRSLC2017), Flavio Cunto (GRSLC 2018), and Andre Correia (rGRSLC 2019), all led sessions during this offering, demonstrating the real impact that the Global Road Safety Leadership Course is having on creating leaders in road safety.

“It was marvelous,” said Correia, Enforcement Coordinator with the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety in Fortaleza. “We got to share the same [road safety] problems, but even better, we looked for solutions together. We are in a globalized world, we need to find those solutions together.”

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JH-IIRU Director Dr. Abdul Bachani presents during the one-week road safety course in Fortaleza.

Before this summer, Thanh Long Nguyen, Quynh Nga Pham, and Nguyen Thi Khanh Huyen had never been to North America. They’d previously never learned in a U.S. classroom. And they’d never had crab cakes.

The three students – all from Hanoi University of Public Health and in the 2-year Master of Public Health (MPH) focused on injury prevention – traveled from Vietnam to Baltimore for the Johns Hopkins University-Hanoi Trauma and Injury Research Program from June 6 to July 20 and picked up valuable professional and cultural experience from start to finish.

“The course has been very useful to learn about this work,” said Thanh Long Nguyen. “It’s bringing me a lot of new experience and is providing me with the opportunity to work with a leading university of public health, with a lot of experience for my career and studies.”

Funded through the National Institutes of Health’s Fogarty International Center, the program invites students from Hanoi to come to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and take “Applying Summary Measures of Population Health to Improve Health Systems” and “Hospital-Based Injury/Trauma Surveillance in Low and Middle-Income Countries,” led by Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit Director Dr. Abdul Bachani , Assistant Scientist Dr. Andres Vecino-Ortiz, and Associate Director Dr. Amber Mehmood. The courses build upon the students’ MPH program and mentorship from the instructors allow for unique one-on-one guidance, designed specifically for international students.

“Dr. Bachani has a lot of experience in teaching international students,” said Nguyen Thi Khanh Huyen. “The way that he explains questions, he’s very easy to understand and easy to listen to. I was interested in his teaching. “Dr. [Mehmood] was very good, too. She could explain very clearly. If I had questions, she could explains and use a lot of examples and teach us more about realities in the United States.”

Outside of the classroom, the fellowship took students on a handful of site visits, including to PAHO-WHO headquarters to meet with Regional Advisor on Road Safety Dr. Eugenia Maria Rodrigues. The students also visited the Association for Safe International Road Travel (ASIRT). Part of the formal curriculum, the site visits provide key exposure to organizations involved in injury prevention.

Over the duration of the program, they explored Baltimore and the surrounding region, too.

“We went to the Inner Harbor and the Baltimore Museum of Art. And my new favorite food now is crab cakes,” said Quynh Nga Pham. “We also visited more places in New York and Washington, which was a wonderful time.”

“Studying in the United States gives me a lot of experience in how to become better and improve myself,” added Pham. “I met a lot of experts and wonderful teachers in the injury field. They gave me lots of helpful advice about my thesis and how I can perform research in Vietnam.”

Before returning home, the fellows had the opportunity to share their final research concept presentations to JH-IIRU faculty and staff. The subjects of the students’ presentations covered their program research, which included adolescent suicide rates, mobile phone use observations, and pre-hospital emergency care.

“This course can bring you a lot of new experience,” said Thanh Long Nguyen. “You have an opportunity to work with a leading university of public health and it will give them a lot of experience for their career and studies. They’ll have an opportunity to work with a lot of experts and advisors.”

The program is intended to build capacity of injury research in Vietnam. Each year, candidates are selected into the MPH program, the highlight of which is the six-week study abroad component where fellows take a blend of injury specialty classes, develop research ideas, and visit select organizations involved in injury control and prevention.

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Fellows from Hanoi University of Public Health participated in a six-week program at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

On July 18-19, 2019, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit leadership and staff participated in the Safe Kids Worldwide Childhood Injury Prevention Convention (PrevCon) in Washington, D.C.

Providing a meeting space for child injury prevention professionals to connect, collaborate, and share, the biannual event kicked off with a keynote address from Dr. Nhan Tran, JH-IIRU alum and Coordinator for Unintentional Injuries at the World Health Organization. Tran welcomed attendees to the convention before presenting on the current state of injury prevention around the globe, as well as how to leverage innovative frameworks in order to create more positive change in the field.

Director Dr. Abdul Bachani led a parallel session, “Demonstrating Impact: An Introduction to Evaluation and Measurement,” that featured leadership from the AIP Foundation (Vietnam) and Michael Phelps Foundation. Dr. Bachani first presented on the central role that monitoring and evaluation plays in enhancing the effectiveness and efficiency of programs, and highlighted approaches appropriate for different phases of a program cycle and the need to move beyond process measures to demonstrate impact.

Mirjam Sidik, CEO of the AIP Foundation (Vietnam), presented on planning and evaluating a local road safety program, while Cathy Bennett, Program Director of the Michael Phelps Foundation provided an overview of the foundation’s “im program,” for which the foundation partners with JH-IIRU to assess and improve the program.

Staff represented the Unit at the convention exhibit hall, which featured more than 70 booths from research institutions, government agencies, and injury prevention product and technology vendors.

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JH-IIRU Director Dr. Abdul Bachani presents during PrevCon's parallel session on measurement and evaluation.

From July 13-17, 2019, leadership, faculty, and students from the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit attended the 2019 International Health Economics Association (iHEA) congress in Basel, Switzerland.

Titled “New Heights in Health Economics,” the 13th World Congress on Health Economics welcomed public health researchers and practitioners from around the world to share findings and collaborate in order to advance the field of health economics.

On Monday, July 15, JH-IIRU Director Dr. Abdul Bachani presented on new findings highlighting the critical role that access to appropriate rehabilitation services has in improving both functioning and resumption of work post-injury. Dr. Bachani and students Rantimi Adetunji and Niloufer Taber, along with international partners Cuong Pham (Hanoi University of Public Health) and Muhammad Fadhli Mohd Yusoff (Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Malaysia) contributed to the research.

“Ensuring access to appropriate and effective rehabilitation services is fundamental to improving functioning post-injury and enabling individuals resume life and work activities,” said Dr. Bachani. “By applying health systems and behavioral economics research methods, we can enhance our understanding on how to better integrate rehabilitation services into health systems and thereby reduce the health, economic, and societal impact of injuries.”

Assistant Scientist Andres Vecino-Ortiz was also on hand to share his recent work in health economics and chair related presentations in the field.

The next congress, a biennial event, will be held in Cape Town, South Africa from July 24-28, 2021.

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On June 13-14, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit Associate Director Dr. Asad Latif and Senior Technical Advisor Margie Peden attended the international inter-sectoral meeting, “Reducing the Burden of Global Burn Injury” in Swansea, Wales.

The two-day meeting, hosted at the Centre for Global Burn Injury Policy & Research (CGBIPR), welcomed injury prevention experts from around the world to convene and establish the priorities around global burn care and prevention.

During the gathering, Dr. Latif and Peden, with their colleagues, attended presentations on such issues as paediatric burns and photo journalism. Peden led a session entitled “Lessons from Road Safety.”

The meeting was held with support from Interburns and funding by the Swansea University Global Challenges Research Fund.

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