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A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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More than three out of 10 injury-related hospital admissions in Oman were children under 15 years of age, according to a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit.

Study findings came from data from Oman’s Khoula and Nizwa Hospitals—and looked at injury characteristics, such as external cause of injury, place of injury, care at scene, and injury severity score.

Published November 12 in BMJ Paediatrics Open, the paper was led by JH-IIRU Associate Director Amber Mehmood.

“Through this research, we’ve found that an alarming number of injuries were of vulnerable populations, such as children under 15 years old,” said Mehmood. “These injuries—coming from falls, home injuries, and burns—comprise totals that highlight the need for age-targeted interventions and injury control programs.”

To review the epidemiology and risk factors for childhood injuries, the team assessed data from November 2014 and April 2015 of patients with a diagnosis of injury and trauma admitted to the hospital, as well as those who had trauma team activation in the emergency department.

Out of more than 2,600 cases, nearly 800 were of children, ages 15 and younger. The evaluation found that more than one-third were children 1-5 years of age. Two-thirds of all cases were males. More than half of all the cases were from transport injuries and the most common anatomical injury among all children brought into the hospital were head injuries. It was also found that children with head, face and neck injuries had higher odds of undergoing surgical treatment.

“Childhood injuries in Oman: retrospective review of a multicentre trauma registry data” was written by Amber Mehmood, Priyanka Agrawal, Katharine A Allen, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Ali Al-Busaidi, and Adnan Ali Hyder.

The research was supported by The Research Council of Oman through grant #TRC/SRG/RS/13/003.

To read the full paper via open access, please click here.

Beginning on November 5, 2018—leadership, faculty, and staff from the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit shared work, engaged with researchers from around the world, and advanced the field of injury prevention at the 13th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion (Safety 2018) in Bangkok, Thailand.

The conference, which ran through November 7, is a biannual gathering of students, researchers, and organizations across focus areas within injury prevention. Over the event’s three days, JH-IIRU team members presented research through poster and oral presentations, participated in organizational meetings, and staffed a booth in the exhibition hall.

Director Dr. Abdul Bachani led the Unit with presentations, such as his State of the Art session on evaluating multi-sectoral actions.” Dr. Bachani also presented a parallel session on home injuries among children in Malaysia, and facilitated a panel on injury-related disability.

“The Safety 2018 conference is a unique opportunity for our team to share work and interact with so many colleagues and collaborators from around the world,” said Dr. Bachani. “Having the Unit so well represented for this year’s event is a testament to the quality of work we conduct. I’m proud of the team and our research and look forward to connecting with others so passionate about advancing the field of injury prevention.”

Associate directors Dr. Amber Mehmood and Dr. Olakunle Alonge each presented at the podium on childhood injury mortality in Bangladesh and mHealth applications for injury surveillance and control, respectively.

Prior to the start of the conference, Dr. Bachani and Associate Director Qingfeng Li participated in a series of meetings, which included presentations on child injury and drowning prevention.

The conference officially kicked off on November 5 with an opening ceremony, featuring Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn.

Staff from JH-IIRU represent the Unit in the exhibition hall at booth No. 1 and all conference participants were encouraged to visit for information on online courses, professional opportunities, and more.

To learn more about Safety 2018, please visit the conference web page here. For all the updates from the JH-IIRU team, follow the Unit on Twitter at @HopkinsINJURIES for presentation highlights and conference updates.

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On October 10-12, 2018, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit team members participated in a series of meetings at the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS) Partners Meeting, held at Bloomberg’s headquarters in New York City.

The gathering invited partners of the BIGRS consortium to connect and hear from one another on project updates and research and intervention highlights from around the world. Partners—including Vital Strategies, Global Road Safety Partnership, World Bank, and World Health Organization—joined together with JH-IIRU for the three-day event.

Michal Bloomberg, former mayor of New York City and founder of Bloomberg Philanthropies offered welcoming remarks on Wednesday, October 10, before introductions from Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Kelly Henning and Kelly Larson and brief highlights from local city officials who shared success stories as results of the consortium work.

JH-IIRU Director Dr. Abdul Bachani then took the podium to provide a status report on seven rounds of observational studies that he and his team led across the 10 BIGRS cities: Fortaleza and Sao Paulo, Brazil; Bogota, Colombia; Bandung, Indonesia; Bangkok, Thailand; Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; Addis Ababa, Ethopia; Accra, Ghana; Mumbai, India; and Shanghai, China.

“The work conducted by our team during this second phase of the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety program has generated such positive results across a number of risk factors,” said Dr. Bachani. “To present our work alongside partners from the consortium who are on the ground implementing these interventions, it’s a real opportunity for continued in the field of road safety.”

Later in the week, Dr. Bachani joined Global Road Safety Partnership program manager Judy Fleiter for a presentation on the Global Road Safety Leadership Course. Through five offerings, the course has certified more than 300 participants from 50 different countries. It was also announced during the presentation that the next regional offering will take place in Buenos Aires, Argentina in the spring of 2019.

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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit team members join alongside Bloomberg Philanthropies officials and BIGRS consortium partners.

On October 3-4, 2018, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) leadership attended the 26th meeting of the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration (UNRSC) at the World Health Organization (WHO) in Geneva, Switzerland.

Dr. Abdul Bachani, director of JH-IIRU represented the Unit for the meeting, held biannually to discuss global road safety issues. In the fall convention, the UNRSC team shared updates on the United Nations road safety strategy and discussed current and future activities of the UNRSC project groups, including road safety management, safer roads and mobility, safer vehicles, safer road users, and post-crash response.

“The latest meeting of the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration, once again helped to advance strategy and reinforce capacity development for an issue as critically important as road safety,” said Dr. Bachani, attending his first meeting as director of JH-IIRU. “We’re grateful for the opportunity for this team of collaborators to meet in person and re-engage on such essential topics within the field.”

During the meeting, UNRSC officials also announced details for the 5th UN Global Road Safety Week, which will be held on May 6-12, 2019 with the theme “Leadership for Road Safety.”

In addition to membership with the UNRSC, Dr. Bachani and JH-IIRU are currently working with a consortium of partners to improve road safety in 10 low- and middle-income countries through the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety.​

On September 26-28, 2018, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit Associate Director Dr. Amber Mehmood and Doctoral Candidate Nukhba Zia presented at the Annual Meeting of AAST & Clinical Congress of Acute Care Surgery and the 4th World Trauma Congress in San Diego, California.

Dr. Mehmood presented on the determinants of emergency department discharge dispositions of patients with traumatic brain injury. Zia presented on the causes and outcomes of unintentional and intentional traumatic brain injuries in Uganda.

“Presenting at the 4th World Trauma Congress and interacting with surgery and trauma practitioners and researchers from around the world was such a valuable opportunity,” said Dr. Mehmood. “We hope this will be the first of many opportunities to present at the conference and we’re so thankful for study support by the Fogarty International Center at the U.S. National Institutes of Health.”

The work stems from the Unit’s project, Traumatic Brain Injury Across the Lifespan in Uganda (TBI-Uganda), a tablet-based hospital registry implemented at the Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda and a collaboration between the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Makerere University School of Public Health, and Mulago Hospital.

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Zia and Mehmood represented the Unit for the first time at the 4th World Trauma Congress from September 26-29, 2018 in San Diego, California.

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