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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Published research from the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit has been featured in a recently released special issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, “A Million Person Household Survey: Understanding the Burden of Injuries in Bangladesh.”

Ninety percent of lives claimed by injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries. This special issue—edited by Professor Adnan Hyder and Dr. Olakunle Alonge, director and core faculty, respectively of JH-IIRU—aims to assess these injuries that include falls, drowning, burns, and road traffic injuries to inform efforts to reduce the burden they case on millions of people and families. The issue offers a unique collection of research on the epidemiology of fatal and non-fatal injuries in Bangladesh and was developed jointly with ICDDRB and CIPRB.

“This special issue brings together ten critically important articles,” said Dr. Hyder. “From road safety to drowning, injuries in low-income countries result in a devastating loss of life and mobility. We hope this data will be useful to researchers, students, practitioners, and decision makers.”

The issue features work by a number of JH-IIRU researchers and collaborators, including Drs. Priyanka Agrawal, Shirin Wadhwaniya, and David Bishai.

“Based on a survey of more than one million people, the research featured in the special issue was part of a large-scale, population-based child-drowning prevention project called ‘Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) in Bangladesh’,” said Dr. Alonge. The project, funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies, tested the large-scale effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of evidence-based interventions to reduce drowning-relate deaths for children less than five years of age.

To access the full special issue, please click here. To learn more about the SoLiD project, please click here.

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This special issue, focusing on Bangladeshi injuries, features research by a number of JH-IIRU faculty members and collaborators.

On May 14, 2018, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) hosted a panel of trauma and emergency care experts at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health as part of its ongoing 10th anniversary year. The event, “Trauma and Emergency Care across the Lifespan,” featured multidisciplinary trauma experts JH-IIRU associate director Amber Mehmood and senior technical advisor Junaid Razzak, as well as Safe Kids Worldwide founder Dr. Martin Eichelberger.

JH-IIRU director Adnan A. Hyder welcomed participants—watching both in-person and via a streaming webcast—to the event before deputy director Abdul M. Bachani introduced each panelist and facilitated discussion at the conclusion of each presentation.

Razzak led off the series of speakers with a presentation on emergency care in Pakistan. In his talk, he outlined the definition of an emergency care system and focused on Karachi, Pakistan—the third-largest city in the world.

Mehmood followed with a talk on trauma care in low-income countries and shared a case study on traumatic brain injury (TBI) across the lifespan in Uganda. She shared new results from a collaborative effort with JH-IIRU and Makerere University: a third of all patients presenting with TBI suffered a drop in the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), a critical indicator, during emergency department stay. This finding, Mehmood remarked, should lead to improved assessment and interventions.

Dr. Eichelberger, in the final presentation of the event, discussed pediatric trauma. From his work at Children’s National Medical Center and Safe Kids Worldwide, Dr. Eichelberger shared childhood injury statistics both domestically and globally.

In 2018, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit is celebrating its first decade of innovation and research in global injury prevention and control. To honor the anniversary, JH-IIRU is hosting a number of special events throughout the year. To learn more about the Unit and its 10th anniversary, please click here.

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Dr. Martin Eichelberger presents on pediatric trauma during JH-IIRU’s 10th anniversary event, “Trauma and Emergency Care across the Lifespan,” at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health on May 14, 2018.

Experts from the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) and the Global Road Safety Partnership will lead a two-week training course on road safety from March 2-17, 2018 in Nairobi, Kenya.

The course, which will be offered to more than 60 participants from across the globe, aims at building leadership capacity to design, advocate for, and implement effective road safety programs and policies. Topics covered in the course include strategic communication, behavior change, advocacy, urban design, economics, and resource allocation.

“We’re thrilled to help coordinate another iteration of this truly lifesaving course,” said Professor Adnan Hyder, JH-IIRU director. “With support from Bloomberg Philanthropies and in collaboration with the Global Road Safety Partnership, we’re able to utilize our team’s expertise and lead sessions to address road safety in low- and middle-income countries around the world.”

In addition to learning modules and group work, the course will take participants on a pair of site visits to Kenyatta Hospital and Kasarani Primary School. These visits will complement lessons learned through the course by placing participants directly into the field to observe post-crash response implementation in Kenya’s largest hospital and understand child road safety interventions in support of school age children, respectively.

“Through this course, we’re able to arm participants with the skills needed to make a significant and much-needed change in their own communities,” said Dr. Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, JH-IIRU deputy director. “Even though low- and middle-income countries account for about half of the world’s vehicles, they represent ninety percent of all road traffic fatalities.”

An additional course on global road safety leadership will be held this summer in Baltimore, Maryland. For more information on the Global Road Safety Leadership Course, please click here

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The regional Global Road Safety Leadership Course will be held from March 2 through March 17 in Nairobi, Kenya.

Beginning Thursday, March 1, 2018, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) and the Makerere University School of Public Health will co-host the two-day “East African Injury Symposium” at the Sheraton Kampala in Uganda. The Symposium will be sponsored by the Chronic Consequences of Trauma, Injuries and Disability in Uganda (JHU-MU Chronic-TRIAD) program funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health Fogarty International Center.

The goal of the Symposium is to bring together leading researchers, practitioners, policymakers, and activists from the injury field across East Africa in order to share their research and knowledge, as well as discuss the ways of translating evidence into practice.

“Continuing with our 10th anniversary schedule of events, this Symposium provides the opportunity to engage with decision makers in a region where injuries are a leading cause of death,” said JH-IIRU director Professor Adnan Hyder. “We’ll also honor the first recipient of the JH-IIRU Award for Excellence in Injury Research for a career of dedication to research and practice in injury prevention.”

In addition to faculty from JH-IIRU and Makerere University School of Public Health, Symposium facilitators will include World Health Organization (WHO) Coordinator Dr. Nhan Tran and United Nations Special Envoy for Road Safety Mr. Jean Todt.

The Symposium will feature moderated sessions on injury topics—such as EMS, trauma care, and road safety—and overarching research subjects – including causation and consequences, capacity building, and implementation challenges.

Stay tuned for live updates here.

To learn more about the JH-IIRU 10th anniversary, please click here. To read about the JHU-MU Chronic TRIAD program, click here.

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The two-day Symposium will be part of JH-IIRU’s 10th anniversary schedule of events covering a diverse array of injury subjects.

On Tuesday, February 15, 2018, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) hosted “Alcohol: Leading Risk Factor for Public Health” at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School and in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth and the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. The event served as the kick-off event for JH-IIRU’s 10th anniversary celebration schedule in which it will host and participate in a number of events focusing on the Unit’s critical research and training areas.

“This year we’re celebrating a decade of innovation and research in global injury prevention and control,” said JH-IIRU director Dr. Adnan Hyder. “Over ten years, we’ve made such incredible strides in injury research across the globe. We look forward to what’s in store over the next decade.”

Dr. Hyder welcomed guests and introduced the event’s presenters, which included Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth director David Jernigan, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine senior program officer Amy Geller, and JH-IIRU doctoral candidate Nukhba Zia.

In her presentation, Geller outlined her work in the recent report, “Getting to Zero Alcohol-Impaired Driving Fatalities: A Comprehensive Approach to a Persistent Problem.” The publication was produced with support from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration and highlights interventions and actions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving fatalities. Featured as an appendix in the report is “Reducing Alcohol-Impaired Driving: Lessons from a Global Review,” written by Dr. Hyder and JH-IIRU research associate Andres Vecino-Ortiz, with help from Zia.

Following the series of presentations, Jernigan, Geller, and Zia engaged in an interactive Q&A session, where participants asked compelling questions ranging from international helmet laws to the role of alcohol in regards to the development of autonomous vehicles.

“Nearly 20 percent of all global road traffic deaths are attributed to alcohol consumption,” said Zia. “This is clearly an international problem and it’s been so valuable to work alongside these experts to help change the landscape of road safety.”

To watch video from the event, please click here. To read the full report, click here.

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Nukhba Zia, David Jernigan, Amy Geller, and Adnan Hyder assemble together after their panel on alcohol and public health.

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