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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit


Keyword: emergency medical services

Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit Leadership Leads Session on Emergency Medical Services

Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit Associate Director Dr. Amber Mehmood and Senior Technical Advisor Dr. Junaid Razzak led an Explore-Connect-Create session, “Emergency Medical Services: an integral part of health systems strengthening,” on Wednesday, February 27, 2019 at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

The session – which is part of a larger series designed to create opportunities for the Health Systems Program faculty, staff and doctoral students to interact with other related disciplines– addressed the cross-cutting role of emergency medical services in improving health outcomes of acute illnesses.

Drs. Mehmood and Razzak began the session with presentations before facilitating a larger group conversation on emergency medical services and its role within health systems. The following in-depth discussion was about the intersectionality of emergency and primary care, accessibility of emergency care system in LMICs and challenges of conducting research focusing on emergency care outcomes.


JH-IIRU Associate Director Dr. Amber Mehmood presents during the February 27th session on emergency medical services.

Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit Travels to Uganda to Attend a National Symposium on Emergency Medical Services and a National Injury Forum

Recently, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) faculty and staff, including Drs. Abdul Bachani, Amber Mehmood and Isaac Botchey, traveled to Munyonyo, Uganda to attend a symposium and injury forum.

On April 25, 2017, the team attended a National Symposium on Emergency Medical Services (EMS). The objectives of the symposium were to: review the status of EMS in Uganda; clarify the roles of the various sectors and agencies in the EMS; make recommendations on how EMS in Uganda can be organized; and identify challenges to the delivery of care. Dr. Amber Mehmood presented a paper on a comprehensive EMS assessment in Kampala, Uganda. Presenting on different prehospital care models, Dr. Mehmood recommended to adopt a health systems approach for improving prehospital care. 165 people attended the symposium.

Dr. Mehmood presents a paper

Dr. Amber Mehmood presents a paper on EMS models

On April 26, 2017, faculty and staff attended the 3rd National Uganda Injury Forum. The theme of the forum was “Mainstreaming injury prevention and control within and across sectors.” The objectives of the forum were to: describe the work of various sectors in addressing road traffic injuries, gender based violence and occupational injuries; explore the opportunities for working together; and propose practical ways of working across sectors. At the forum, Dr. Abdul Bachani chaired a session on multi-sectoral response to road traffic injury. Nearly 200 people attended the one-day forum.

The forum and symposium were both organized by the Johns Hopkins University-Makerere University Chronic Consequences of Trauma, Injury and Disability (JHU-MU Chronic TRIAD) program, funded by the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Read more about the Chronic TRIAD program here.

Group photo

Drs. Abdulgafoor Bachani, Olive Kobusingye and Amber Mehmood with fellows of JHU-MU Chronic-TRIAD program

Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit presents: Emergency Medical Services in Developing Countries

On May 5, 2016, Dr. Adnan Hyder, director of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU), opened the Emergency Medical Services in Developing Countries seminar. Dr. Hyder introduced the International Injury Research Unit and discussed its work on emergency medical systems. Dr. Junaid Razzak of Emergency Medicine at JHU and Senior Technical Advisor of IIRU then presented on emergency health systems in low resource settings.

The presentation also promoted the launch of a special issue of BMC Emergency Medicine titled, “Pakistan National Emergency Departments Surveillance Study” (Pak-NEDS). Pak_NEDS was a collaborative effort between the Department of Emergency Medicine at Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi, Pakistan and the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit with support from the Fogarty International Center of the U.S. National Institutes of Health. Karachi, Pakistan is the third largest city in the world with a huge demand for improving their emergency health systems.

Dr. Razzak presented on the research challenges and discussed the crisis of leadership within the system including the population’s lack of hope in their system. In addition, he addressed how investment in leadership development is key to the success of an EMS system. Dr. Razzak raised awareness about the lack of emergency medical care and leadership in low- and middle-income countries and the cost effectiveness of focusing interventions in emergency care.

To view the seminar, please click here.

JH-IIRU Staff and Faculty Members Co-Organize and Attend Emergency Medical Services Conference in Pakistan

On March 16, 2013, JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, staff member Siran He and associated faculty, Courtland Robinson, attended the Third Annual Emergency Medicine Conference (AEMC) held at the Aga Khan University (AKU).  With approximately 300 medical professionals from around the world attending, the conference focused on emergency care for children in a country where a staggering one in 10 children die before the age of five.

Dr. Adnan Hyder presented “Why is Emergency Care for Children NOT on the Global Health Agenda?” during the opening plenary session, along with a presentation by Dr. Junaid Razzak, chair and associate professor at the AKU Department of Emergency Medicine (AKU-DEM) and longtime JH-IIRU collaborator. Dr. Razzak noted that one out of every four patients in emergency rooms is a child.

Dr. Courtland Robinson, who is the associate director of the Center for Refugee and Disaster Studies at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, chaired a session on injury prevention in public health, as well as participated in a plenary session on disaster preparedness.

The conference, ‘Emergency Care for Children,’ was jointly organized by the AKU-DEM and Johns Hopkins University-Pakistan Fogarty International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program.  

AEMC group
Left to Right: Dr. Courtland Robinson, Siran He, Dr. Adnan Hyder

Hyder Razzak panel
Dr. Junaid Razzak (far left) and Dr. Adnan Hyder during a panel discussion.