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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Keyword: amber mehmood

More than three out of 10 injury-related hospital admissions in Oman were children under 15 years of age, according to a new study from researchers at the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit.

Study findings came from data from Oman’s Khoula and Nizwa Hospitals—and looked at injury characteristics, such as external cause of injury, place of injury, care at scene, and injury severity score.

Published November 12 in BMJ Paediatrics Open, the paper was led by JH-IIRU Associate Director Amber Mehmood.

“Through this research, we’ve found that an alarming number of injuries were of vulnerable populations, such as children under 15 years old,” said Mehmood. “These injuries—coming from falls, home injuries, and burns—comprise totals that highlight the need for age-targeted interventions and injury control programs.”

To review the epidemiology and risk factors for childhood injuries, the team assessed data from November 2014 and April 2015 of patients with a diagnosis of injury and trauma admitted to the hospital, as well as those who had trauma team activation in the emergency department.

Out of more than 2,600 cases, nearly 800 were of children, ages 15 and younger. The evaluation found that more than one-third were children 1-5 years of age. Two-thirds of all cases were males. More than half of all the cases were from transport injuries and the most common anatomical injury among all children brought into the hospital were head injuries. It was also found that children with head, face and neck injuries had higher odds of undergoing surgical treatment.

“Childhood injuries in Oman: retrospective review of a multicentre trauma registry data” was written by Amber Mehmood, Priyanka Agrawal, Katharine A Allen, Ammar Al-Kashmiri, Ali Al-Busaidi, and Adnan Ali Hyder.

The research was supported by The Research Council of Oman through grant #TRC/SRG/RS/13/003.

To read the full paper via open access, please click here.

On Wednesday, July 25, 2018, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) associate director Dr. Amber Mehmood guest spoke at an injury epidemiology & research methodology summer course at the University of Maryland, Baltimore.

Mehmood delivered two presentations, on "A framework for acute care of the injured" and "Oman trauma care system- A cast study" for students at the course, a five-week training program for health professionals from the Middle East and North America.

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Dr. Mehmood and summer course students pose together after her guest presentation at the University of Maryland, Baltimore.

On October 9, 2013, JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, associate director, Kent Stevens and faculty member, Amber Mehmood participated in the American College of Surgeons Annual Clinical Congress in Washington DC.

In the panel, “Developing, Implementing and Evaluating Trauma Care Systems: Experiences from Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” Dr. Stevens discussed the trauma care work in Kenya as part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program, and Dr. Mehmood discussed Pakistan’s efforts in trauma care and management. Also participating in the panel was former JH-IIRU post doctoral fellow, Hadley Wesson, who discussed trauma surveillance work at the Red Cross Memorial Children’s Hospital in Cape Town, South Africa.

The panel, moderated by Dr. James Neifeld, a surgical oncologist at the Virginia Commonwealth University Department of Surgery and past JH-IIRU collaborator and  co-moderated by Dr. Hyder, focused on trauma care systems in low- and middle-income countries. The panel aimed to demonstrate that established interventions can make a significant impact on injury prevention and public health, while highlighting fundamental elements in strengthening the care of the injured patient, such as defining the epidemiology of trauma care injuries, implementing evidence-based trauma care interventions, and assessing the overall impact of these interventions.

This year marks the 100 year anniversary of the founding of the American College of Surgeons. The American College of Surgeons is a scientific and educational association of surgeons that was founded in 1913 to improve the quality of care for the surgical patient by setting high standards for surgical education and practice. The College currently has approximately 78,000 members, including more than 4,000 Fellows in other countries, making it the largest organization of surgeons in the world. There are presently more than 2,600 Associate Fellows.

Please welcome the newest JH-IIRU faculty member, Dr. Amber Mehmood. Dr. Mehmood,  a trauma surgeon from Aga Khan University (AKU), Pakistan, recently joined the unit as Research Associate.  She is also an Assistant Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine at AKU and has worked extensively on injury prevention and emergency medical services. http://www.aku.edu/collegesschoolsandinstitutes/medicine/pakistan/Faculty/Pages/Amber_Mehmood.aspx

While here, Dr. Mehmood will help develop the Injury Unit's portfolio on trauma care in several countries. She brings special expertise in trauma registry development. Amber is not only clinically qualified but also has been a Fogarty/NIH Fellow in the past with us.

 Please join the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit in welcoming her. 

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