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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Keyword: abdulgafoor m. bachani

This week marks the opening of Safety 2012, the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in New Zealand, but JH-IIRU team members have been busy participating in several pre-conference meetings.

On September 29, JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, participated in a workshop aimed at training journalists in health and scientific reporting. Organized by the World Health Organization (WHO), the panel discussion Dr. Hyder participated in --along with Etienne Krug from WHO--focused mainly on the use of data in reporting and the challenges this presents to journalists.

Dr. Hyder also participated in the Safekids Global Summit on September 30th, where he presented on the critical role of utilizing data to address childhood unintentional injuries.��

On October 1, JH-IIRU associate director, Kent Stevens, presented a session at the Road Traffic Injuries Research Network (RTIRN) Regional Workshop on trauma care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and Dr. Hyder, presented on capacity development for RTIs.

There’s more to come from the conference, so make sure to follow us on Facebook and Twitterto keep up with the latest JH-IIRU news out of New Zealand this week!

Safety 2012 World Conference on Injury Prevention is a biennial meeting that brings together world leaders in scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

JH-IIRU team members, including director Adnan Hyder, associate directors Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, Kent Stevens, Leon Robertson Faculty Development Chair Kavi Bhalla and research program coordinator Jeffrey Lunnen, will be traveling to New Zealand for the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion.  This biennial meeting will bring together the leading scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

The JH-IIRU team will be busy this year, both before and during the conference. JH-IIRU had more than 20 abstracts accepted, for oral and poster presentations, and Drs. Bachani and Stevens will host workshops, one on evaluating road safety interventions and the other on trauma care systems in low- and middle-income countries, respectively. 

In addition, our colleagues at the Road Traffic Injury Research Network (RTIRN) will be hosting a workshop on road safety interventions from September 30th – October 1. For additional information, click here:

Check in with the team on Facebook ( and Twitter ( this week for updates and news from the conference.

For more information on sessions, click here:

For more information about the International Injury Research Unit, please contact

For more information about Safety 2012, please visit the conference website

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) is delighted to announce that associate director, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani has been recently awarded a competitive research grant from the Swami Institute for International Medical Education (SIIME).  The grant, entitled “Preventing Childhood Injuries in Malaysia: Piloting a Home Environment Injury Risk Assessment and Mitigation Program” seeks to develop a better understanding of the burden and breadth of household injuries among children in two districts in Malaysia. 

The project, also involving JH-IIRU associate director Aruna Chandran,  has three fundamental objectives: 1) to develop and pilot test an injury hazard assessment tool that is appropriate for an urban, developing country setting, 2) develop and pilot test an educational pamphlet that will provide information and make suggestions to promote child safety in the home, and 3) develop and pilot test a home-based tutorial program for its feasibility and acceptability as means of disseminating home safety information.

According to Dr. Bachani, the project will continue JH-IIRU’s commitment to collaboration and capacity building by facilitating working relationships with participants in Malaysia, including Faculty of Medicine and Health Services (FMHS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). The project will also involve mentoring a Malaysian doctoral student.

Dr. Bachani submitted the application along with collaborator, Dr. Kulanthayan K.C. Mani from the Road Safety Research Centre at the Universiti Putra, Malaysia.

“Unintentional home injuries are a major cause of death and disability among children, especially in low- and middle-income countries,” Bachani said.  “I look forward to working with Dr. Mani and his colleagues in Malaysia to address this growing burden.”

To find out more about unintentional childhood injuries, contact us at

With an estimated 1.2 million people dying in each year, road traffic crashes are a serious, but sadly, often overlooked disease burden around the world. This burden is more severe in low- and middle-income countries, where road traffic fatality rates are double what they are in developed countries.
To address this burgeoning trend, in 2010 and with funding from Bloomberg Philanthropies, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) joined a consortium of six partners in the
Road Safety in 10 Countries Project (RS-10), a five-year initiative dedicated to reducing the burden of road traffic injuries in ten low- and middle-income countries by evaluating and implementing road safety solutions in places where interventions are needed the most.
The goal of the project is simple: save lives by providing evidence for stronger road safety interventions around the world. But the IIRU team can’t accomplish this goal alone. In order to be effective, they depend on local personnel in each country to not only help develop strong ties within each targeted community, but to conduct evaluations and collect data at each site. To that end, the JH-IIRU team has created a training and capacity development component of the RS-10 project.
Since the project’s inception, and through a program built on a country-specific mission, a sound public health approach, and scientific rigor, the JH-IIRU addresses the basic sciences of public health, a social science component, and health systems analysis with a special focus on ethical and cultural issues. JH-IIRU has developed and employed a concerted, three-pronged strategy for capacity development comprising of 1) Learning by doing 2) Courses and 3) Workshops.
Led by JH-IIRU Associate Director, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, in the first two years of the program these three approaches have yielded impressive results and continue to do so. In each country, JH‐IIRU collaborates with local research groups or universities to facilitate data collection for monitoring and evaluation. In this learning by doing approach, the JH-IIRU staff trains local collaborators for data collection through activities such as observational studies, road-side interviews, database creation and data analysis, to name a few.  

Cambodia _obs_parts
Participants learning how to conduct observational studies in Cambodia.

Helmet use observational study.

The important results of this work are showcased in the special issue of the journal
Traffic Injury Prevention.

Building on existing coursework at JHSPH, JH-IIRU has also developed and modified courses specific to the global burden of road traffic injuries. Working to create live (in-person) and online versions of many of their offerings, the team offers a sequence of four courses to comprise an innovative program in Road Traffic Injury Prevention and Control. These courses combine the expertise at JH-IIRU with the specific local needs of participating countries. Free access to course materials for two of the courses via the OpenCourseWare (OCW) system at JHU is already
available, while the remaining two classes will be made available shortly. This long-distance learning option makes effective training for health and allied professionals in each country possible.
Finally, since 2010, the JH-IIRU has conducted workshops in each of the 10 countries, which have been tailored to meet local needs. More than 445 individuals from each country have been trained in topics ranging from data collection and management, to evaluation methods for road safety, to handing of data for injury surveillance. Recently, members of the JH-IIRU team hosted workshops in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. The National Workshop on Evaluation Methods for Road Safety focused on topics such as evaluation designs, data collection methodologies, database creation and management, data analysis, and dissemination of findings, while at the same time provided an opportunity for cross-country collaboration.
In an article which appeared in Cambodia’s Koh Sentepheap newspaper, attendee H.E. Mr. Peou Maly, Deputy Secretary General of General Secretariat of the National Road Safety Committee, applauded the workshop, saying he firmly believed it would contribute to efforts of the Royal Government of Cambodia in reducing the number of road crashes.

Participants register for a training workshop.

In Kenya, JHU-IIRU held a training workshop in March to train Naivasha district hospital data collectors and hospital administrators on the data collection for the trauma registry.  

An example of a trauma registry form, Naivasha Hospital

And in Russia, JHU-IIRU held workshops in February and March 2012.  Seventy professors and data collectors from Ivanovo University were trained to conduct both observational studies and roadside surveys on seatbelt use and speeding during a two- day workshop.  A three-day workshop to address data gaps in surveillance and registry systems was attended by 40 representatives from the Ivanovo Ministry of Health, Lipetsk Ministry of Health, Ivanovo Regional Accident and Trauma Centre, and Lipetsk Regional Accident and Trauma Centre.  Members of the Lipetsk Regional Accident and Emergency Trauma Centre indicated that the data collection approach they learned will help them not only to build their own data collection system for collecting and reporting the data within the RS-10 project, but also help to improve their own data collection processes in their daily work.  It is vital, attendees said, to have their daily data collection work verified with police in order to ensure the quality of the collected data.

Attendees at a workshop in Ivanovo, Russia  

In addition to these in-country workshops, JH‐IIRU has also facilitated cross-country learning through a special session at the Safety 2010 World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in London, and a collaborators workshop in Baltimore in October 2011. These workshops made possible important cross‐country discussions on data collection strategies, standardizing methods across countries, and challenges as well as planning for more effective evaluation strategy in each country. Based on the success of these sessions, JH-IIRU is exploring hosting a scientific session on RS‐10 at theWorld Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in New Zealand, 2012.

Training and capacity development is a vital part of the RS-10 project that will help ensure in-country collaborators, partners and researchers are an integral and effective part of the projects efforts to reduce the growing burden of road traffic injuries worldwide.
To find out more, please contact us at

Recently, JH-IIRU team members, Senior Technical Advisor David Bishai and Associate Director, Abdulgafoor Bachani, contributed a chapter to Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches, edited by Guohua Li from Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Susan P. Baker, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.  
In the chapter, “Injury Costing Frameworks,” Drs. Bishai and Bachani examine three approaches to measuring the costs of injuries: the human capital, willingness to pay and general equilibrium framework and offer a guide to how one would go about costing injuries.  Cost information is vital to the decision-making process when developing preventive strategies because it allows for a comparison of the costs that can be prevented once an intervention is chosen versus the cost of the implementation of that intervention.
Injury Research: Theories, Methods and Approaches is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary look into the field of injury and violence prevention with contributions from leaders in the field of injury research.
Additional information on the book can be found here:
To find out more about the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, contact us at

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