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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Date: Jun 2012

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) is delighted to announce that associate director, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani has been recently awarded a competitive research grant from the Swami Institute for International Medical Education (SIIME).  The grant, entitled “Preventing Childhood Injuries in Malaysia: Piloting a Home Environment Injury Risk Assessment and Mitigation Program” seeks to develop a better understanding of the burden and breadth of household injuries among children in two districts in Malaysia. 

The project, also involving JH-IIRU associate director Aruna Chandran,  has three fundamental objectives: 1) to develop and pilot test an injury hazard assessment tool that is appropriate for an urban, developing country setting, 2) develop and pilot test an educational pamphlet that will provide information and make suggestions to promote child safety in the home, and 3) develop and pilot test a home-based tutorial program for its feasibility and acceptability as means of disseminating home safety information.

According to Dr. Bachani, the project will continue JH-IIRU’s commitment to collaboration and capacity building by facilitating working relationships with participants in Malaysia, including Faculty of Medicine and Health Services (FMHS), Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). The project will also involve mentoring a Malaysian doctoral student.

Dr. Bachani submitted the application along with collaborator, Dr. Kulanthayan K.C. Mani from the Road Safety Research Centre at the Universiti Putra, Malaysia.

“Unintentional home injuries are a major cause of death and disability among children, especially in low- and middle-income countries,” Bachani said.  “I look forward to working with Dr. Mani and his colleagues in Malaysia to address this growing burden.”

To find out more about unintentional childhood injuries, contact us at

As part of the Road Safety in 10 Countries project (RS-10), in 2012, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) published “Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries: An Assessment from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” a special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention. This landmark publication includes 11 scientific papers jointly authored with 50 colleagues from JH-IIRU and their in-country collaborators that contribute much-needed new knowledge to the burgeoning issue of road traffic injuries in low- and middle- income countries.

In China, though road traffic injuries have become a leading cause of death, the reported numbers of road traffic deaths are often inconsistent. JH-IIRU team members, including  associate director, Sai Ma and senior technical advisor, David Bishai, along with colleagues from the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CCDC), addressed this issue in their publication, “Road Traffic Injury in China: A Review of National Data Sources.”  The team reviewed and compared four national-level data sources: The Ministry of Health-Vital Registration (MOH-VR) system, Chinese CDC-Disease Surveillance Points (DSP), Chinese CDC-National Injury Surveillance System (NISS) and police reports. The team found that, while each system had a number of strengths, no one system provided a complete epidemiological profile of road traffic injuries in China, and some information, such as long-term disability or hospitalization data, is not measured at all. The study does, however, establish a framework for researchers and policy makers to strengthen the existing surveillance systems in order to better track road traffic injuries. This, in turn, will help to develop evidence-based long-term road safety interventions

For more information on the Road Safety in 10 Countries project, visit our website:

To access this article, click here:

On June 15, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit welcomed Dr. Junaid Razzak, Chair and Associate Professor, Aga Khan University Department of Emergency Medicine (AKU-DEM), to the Bloomberg School of Public Health.  Dr. Razzak is also the director of the WHO Collaborating Center for Emergency Medicine and Trauma Care.
Among his many achievements, Dr. Razzak founded Pakistan’s first emergency medical service (EMS) training program at Aga Khan, a program that eventually led to the birth of emergency medicine as the newest medical specialty in Pakistan.
JH-IIRU and AKU-DEM have a history of collaboration, most recently on unintentional childhood injury research in Pakistan.

J. Razzak
Dr. Junaid Razzak visits JH-IIRU

Each month, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health’s podcast, Public Health: On the Inside, profiles some of the most exciting and interesting people working in the field. This month, the JH-IIRU team is pleased to announce that director Adnan Hyder is the featured interview. Associate Dean for Public Health Practice and Training, Tom Burke interviews Dr. Hyder and asks question on his work and the work of JH-IIRU on injury prevention and trauma care.
In the interview, Dr. Hyder explains how his first job out of medical school galvanized his interest in injury prevention, the dangers of using the word “accident” and his hope for the future of injury prevention.

You can listen to the full interview here:

To find out more about the International Injury Research Unit, contact us at

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