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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Date: Apr 2012

Recently, JH-IIRU team members, Senior Technical Advisor David Bishai and Associate Director, Abdulgafoor Bachani, contributed a chapter to Injury Research: Theories, Methods, and Approaches, edited by Guohua Li from Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and Susan P. Baker, from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.  
In the chapter, “Injury Costing Frameworks,” Drs. Bishai and Bachani examine three approaches to measuring the costs of injuries: the human capital, willingness to pay and general equilibrium framework and offer a guide to how one would go about costing injuries.  Cost information is vital to the decision-making process when developing preventive strategies because it allows for a comparison of the costs that can be prevented once an intervention is chosen versus the cost of the implementation of that intervention.
Injury Research: Theories, Methods and Approaches is a comprehensive, multidisciplinary look into the field of injury and violence prevention with contributions from leaders in the field of injury research.
Additional information on the book can be found here:
To find out more about the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, contact us at

Please join the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit as we recognize three of our students for receiving International Health Endowed Awards.
Ashai Jafri, PhD, Health Systems, is the recipient of the Robert D. and Helen S. Wright Fund. Established in 1983 by family members of former International Health faculty member, Robert Wright, MD, MPH ’40, this scholarship provides support for a continuing doctoral student who expects to contribute to the improvement of public health in Africa, particularly Nigeria.


Katherine Allen, PhD, Health Systems, received the Baker, Reinke, Taylor Scholarship in International Health. Established in 2004, this scholarship commemorates over 100 combined years of dedicated public health service by Drs. Timothy D. Baker, William Reinke and Carl E. Taylor, who were instrumental in establishing the field of international health as a distinct discipline. This fund supports graduate students in the Department of International Health, with preference given to students working in organization of health delivery systems, community based healthcare or injury control in less developed countries.


Selena J. An, MSPH, Health Systems, is the recipient of the Diana Hess Memorial Fund.  Also established in 1983, this fund provides an annual scholarship to students in the Department of International Health and is based on academic and professional accomplishments. Preference is given to those planning to work in Africa, but is not a requirement for the award.


Additionally, Qingfeng Li, research assistant with JH-IIRU, has also been selected to receive an additional year of support from the Endowed Student Support Fund award. 


The Endowed Students Support Fund Awards are highly competitive and we wish to congratulate all recipients for their hard work and accomplishments.
For additional information on all student scholarships, click here:

Epidemic Proportions, the Johns Hopkins Undergraduate Public Health Research Journal, recently published an article by JH-IIRU director, Adnan A. Hyder, with contributions from Jeffrey C. Lunnen, IIRU’s research program coordinator.
The article, entitled, “Global Decade of Action for Road Safety, 2011-2020: Time to Stop the Carnage on the Roads” highlights JH-IIRU’s participation in the UN’s Decade of Action for Road Safety, as well as the work the unit is doing with the Road Safety in 10 Countries Project (RS-10). In an effort to show the application of public health principles for undergraduate students, Dr. Hyder explains the purpose of the program, using the work the team has done in Mexico as an example of what’s been done and what needs to be done to reduce the burden of road traffic injuries. He also stresses the importance of the knowledge being generated in the project. This information will not only support the investments being made by governments and leaders such as Michael Bloomberg, but, perhaps most importantly, it will also provide evidence for stronger road safety interventions.

You can access the full article in the latest issue of Epidemic Proportions 

On April 18th, as part of the effort to draw attention to the growing burden of road traffic injuries, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) launched “Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries: An Assessment from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” a special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention. A noontime seminar at the Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, which featured panelists from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP), two of the Road Safety in 10 Countries project consortium partners, marked the occasion.
Guest panelists Margie Peden from WHO and Gayle DiPietro from GRSP joined JH-IIRU Director Adnan Hyder and Senior Technical Advisor, David Bishai to announce the special issue, which highlights the work the RS-10 Project is doing.  This landmark publication includes 11 scientific papers jointly authored with 50 colleagues from JH-IIRU and their in-country collaborators that contribute much-needed new knowledge to the burgeoning issue of road traffic injuries in low- and middle- income countries.

L-R: Gayle DiPietro, Adnan Hyder, Margie Peden and David Bishai

Gayle DiPietro

Margie Peden

To read more about the event, click here.

To access the special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention, click

To find out more about the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit and the Road Safety In 10 Countries Project, contact us at

In a newly published article in Addiction, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit associate director Aruna Chandran, MD, MPH, along with Flavio Pechansky, MD, PhD from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, examine the disparity that exists in northern and southern American countries with regard to drinking and driving prevention strategies.
In “Why don’t northern American solutions to drinking and driving work in southern America?,” the researchers—using Brazil as a case example for southern American countries—explore why such a disparity exists.  The paper highlights examples and experiences from the North American countries of the United States and Canada—where DWI trends have been known for decades and the association between alcohol consumption and increased road traffic crashes has been well-established—in comparison with Brazil, a country that is still struggling to provide baseline data.
This lack of objective, systematically collected alcohol-associated driving data limits both the ability to implement and enforce specific prevention strategies and determine if proven prevention efforts from North America can be transferred effectively to the south.
In the paper, the Dr. Chandran and her colleagues in Brazil proposed a three-pronged approach to address the north-south gap: 1) systematic collection of data on road traffic crash/injury/death rates as well as risk factor data 2) passage of laws (within a framework that prevents legal circumventing of punishment) that requires blood alcohol concentration testing compliance and 3) stipulation of appropriate training and availability of proper equipment to the police along with vigilant enforcement.
It is the researchers' hope that lessons learned from North American countries can be applied to lower-performing countries in South America.
To access the full article, click here:
To find out more about the IIRU, contact us at

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