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Center for Injury Research and Policy

Current Research

CDC-funded Research

The Center has four research projects funded by the CDC’s National Center for Injury Prevention and Control under the current funding period from 2014-2019.

Project: Ignition Interlock Laws: Implementation and Effects on Fatal Crashes
Topic area: transportation safety, substance use and overdose
PI: Jon Vernick

Goal: Conduct a 50-state analysis of the role of state laws mandating alcohol ignition interlocks for drunk drivers in the prevention of fatal alcohol-involved crashes and the factors associated with effective implementation of these laws. Results will be disseminated to states with and without ignition interlock laws.

Project: Using m-Health Tools to Reduce the Misuse of Opioid Pain Relievers
Topic area: substance use and overdose
Co-PIs: Andrea Gielen, Renan Castillo

Goal: To design and evaluate a decision aid for use by injured patients seen in one urban and one rural emergency department to reduce the use of opioids, and when used, increase their safe storage and disposal.

Project: Exploring Universal Bicycle Helmet Policies: A Translation Research Study
Topic area: transportation safety
PI: Keshia Pollack Porter

Goal: To conduct translational research exploring the implementation of all-rider bicycle helmet laws in the U.S., the public’s knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about these laws, and their impacts on ridership and safety.

Project: Safe-LiFE to Prevent Falls among Older Fallers
Topic area: home safety
PI: Sarah Szanton

Goal: To test a fall prevention program in older fallers by implementing evidence based exercise into their daily activities while modifying their home environment.

Additional Research Projects

Members of the Center’s Core Faculty are also engaged in other research projects that address the Center’s priority topic areas and/or populations of special interest. These projects are supported by a variety of public and private funders, and some examples are listed here.

Project: METRC -- Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC)
Topic area: trauma survivors (veterans and members of the military)
PI: Ellen MacKenzie
Funder: Department of Defense

Goal: The Major Extremity Trauma Research Consortium (METRC), established in 2009, consists of a group of over 50 hospitals and one data-coordinating center that conduct multi-center clinical research studies relevant to the treatment and outcomes of orthopaedic trauma sustained in the military. The project aims to produce the evidence needed to establish treatment guidelines for the optimal care of the wounded warrior and ultimately improve the clinical, functional and quality of life outcomes of both service members and civilians who sustain high energy trauma to the extremities.

Project: Development of a Smartphone Application to Measure Driving Behavior
Topic area: transportation safety (children and adolescents)
PI: Johnathon Ehsani
Funder: Technology Transfer Committee, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Goal: Create an app-based tool for novice drivers to record how much practice they accumulate during the learner permit stage.

Project: Psychosocial and environmental factors for injury outcomes of older adults
Topic area: transportation safety (older adults)
PI: Vanya Jones
Funder: AAA Foundation

Goal: Pre-planning for developing a long-term multi-site prospective cohort study to better understand senior drivers.

Project: Injury Needs Assessment, White Mountain Apache Tribe
Topic area: general injury prevention (populations affected by health disparities)
PI: Wendy Shields
Funder: CDC

Goal: Conduct a needs assessment demonstrating the burden of injuries in the White Mountain Apache Tribe (WMAT) population and to identify opportunities to reduce injuries.

Project: An Evaluation of State Laws Intended to Curb High-Risk Opioid Prescribing
Topic area: substance use and overdose
PIs: Beth McGinty and Lainie Rutkow
Funder: National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Goal: Examine how state laws including prescription drug monitoring program laws, pill mill laws, and opioid prescribing cap laws affect opioid prescribing.

Project: Residential Sprinkler Systems for Existing Homes: A Strategy to Advance Retrofit Technology
Topic area: home safety
PI: Shannon Frattaroli
Funder: Federal Emergency Management Agency

Goal: Collect information about homeowners’ experiences with sprinkler retrofit in order to raise awareness about this home safety option and affect the number of people who retrofit their homes.