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Center for a Livable Future


CLF Research and Publications

Below are peer-reviewed publications, white papers and other reports written by or in direct consultation with CLF faculty and staff. Links to full-text articles are provided when available.

Many more peer-reviewed publications, white papers, reports and articles resulting from research funded at least in part by the Center are available in our searchable Publications Database.

Occupational Safety and Health in U.S. Aquaculture: A Review
Journal of Agromedicine, June 2019

Applying an environmental public health lens to the industrialization of food animal production in ten low- and middle-income countries
Globalization and Health, June 2019

Reducing meat consumption in the USA: a nationally representative survey of attitudes and behaviours
Public Health Nutrition, March 2018

Feed conversion efficiency in aquaculture: do we measure it correctly?
Environmental Research Letters, February 2018 

Baltimore City’s Food Environment Report: 2018 Report
CLF Report, 2018

Between Global and Local: Exploring Regional Food Systems from the Perspectives of Four Communities in the U.S. Northeast
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, December 2017 

Gathering Baltimore’s bounty: Characterizing behaviors, motivations, and barriers of foragers in an urban ecosystem
Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, December 2017

Ecosystem and Public Health Risks from Near- and Offshore Finfish Aquaculture
CLF Report, 2017

Baltimore Food System Resilience Advisory Report
CLF Report, 2017

Governmental Plans to Address Waste of Food
CLF Report, 2017

O’Connor et al. systematic review regarding animal feeding operations and public health: critical flaws may compromise conclusions
BioMed Central, August 2017

Post-exceptionalism and corporate interests in US agricultural policy
Journal of European Public Policy, 2017 

Fisheries, Food, and Health in the United States: The Importance of Aligning Fisheries and Health Policies
Agriculture and Food Security, 2017 

An Analysis of Nearly One Billion Dollars of Aquaculture Grants made by the United States Federal Government from 1990 to 2015
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, 2017 

Wasted Food, Wasted Nutrients: Nutrient Loss from Wasted Food in the United States and Comparison to Gaps in Dietary Intake
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2017 

Public Health, Immigration Reform and Food System Change
CLF Report, 2017

Industrial Food Animal Production in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Landscape Assessment
CLF Report, 2016

Poultry Consumption and Arsenic Exposure in the U.S. Population
Environmental Health Perspectives, 2016

Nitarsone, Inorganic Arsenic, and Other Arsenic Species in Turkey Meat: Exposure and Risk Assessment Based on a 2014 U.S. Market Basket Sample
Environmental Health Perspectives, 2016

Vacant Lots to Vibrant Plots: A Review of the Benefits and Limitations of Urban Agriculture
CLF Report, 2016

Achieving the Triple Aim in Health Care Reform: The Importance of the Food System
CLF Report, 2016

Environmental Health Impacts of Feeding Crops to Farmed Fish
Environment International, 2016

Cow allergen (Bos d2) and endotoxin concentrations are higher in the settled dust of homes proximate to industrial-scale dairy operations
Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 2016

Agricultural Exceptionalism at the State Level: Characterization of Wage and Hour Laws for U.S. Farmworkers
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2016

Concerns re: interpretation and translation of findings in Energy use, blue water footprint, and greenhouse gas emissions for current food consumption patterns and dietary recommendations in the US
Environment Systems and Decisions, 2016

An Overview of Institutional Food Procurement and Recommendations for Improvement
CLF report, 2016

Energy and water use of a small-scale raft aquaponics system in Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Aquacultural Engineering, September 2015

Fish in the Classroom: A Survey of the Use of Aquaponics in Education
European Journal of Health & Biology Education, 2015

Production and Consumption of Homegrown Produce and Fish by Noncommercial Aquaponics Gardeners
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2015

Researching the Baltimore City Food Environment
White paper, 2015

The Importance of Reducing Animal Product Consumption and Wasted Food in Mitigating Catastrophic Climate Change
CLF Report, December 2015

A critical examination of the available data sources for estimating meat and protein consumption in the USA
Public Health Nutrition, November 17, 2015

'Eat Right - Live Well!' Supermarket Intervention Impact on Sales of Healthy Foods in a Low-income Neighborhood
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, October 23, 2015

Reducing Food Losses And Waste While Improving The Public's Health
HealthAffairs, November 2015

A Food Systems Approach to Healthy Food and Agriculture Policy
HealthAffairs, November 2015

Carry-out Restaurant Intervention Increases Purchases of Healthy Food
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition, September 23, 2015

Public Health Nutrition and Sustainability
Public Health Nutrition, September 2015

Probabilistic modeling of school meals for potential bisphenol A (BPA) exposure
Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, September 15, 2015

Wasted Seafood in the United States: Quantifying Loss From Production to Consumption and Moving Toward Solution
Global Environmental Change, September 6, 2015

Process Evaluation of a Comprehensive Supermarket Intervention in a Low-Income Baltimore Community
Health Promotion Practice, August 21, 2015

Listening to food workers: Factors that impact proper health and hygiene practice in food service
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 2015

A systematic review of urban agriculture and food security impacts in low-income countries
Food Policy, August 2015

International Agreement to Address the Contribution of Animal Agriculture to Antibiotic Resistance: A One Health Approach
Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, July 2015

Industrial Food Animal Production and Community Health
Current Environmental Health Reports, July 2015

Mapping Baltimore City’s Food Environment
CLF Report, June 10, 2015

Wasted Food: U.S. Consumers' Reported Awareness, Attitudes, and Behaviors (Research Brief pdf)
PLOS One, June 10, 2015

Antimicrobial Use and Multidrug-Resistant Salmonella spp., Escherichia coli, and Enterococcus faecalis in Swine from Northern Thailand
The Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2015

Serial Free Bisphenol A and Bisphenol A Glucuronide Concentrations in Neonates
The Journal of Pediatrics, April 23, 2015

The Role of Partnerships in U.S. Food Policy Council Policy Activities
PLOS ONE, April 9, 2015

Food System Policy, Public Health, and Human Rights in the United States
Annual Review of Public Health, March 2015

Hormone Use in Food Animal Production: Assessing Potential Dietary Exposures and Breast Cancer Risk
Current Environmental Health Report, February 2015

Caramel Color in Soft Drinks and Exposure to 4-Methylimidazole: A Quantitative Risk Assessment
PLOS ONE, February 18, 2015

Community Food Security in the United States: A Survey of the Scientific Literature
CLF White Paper, 2015

A Literature Review of the Risks and Benefits of Consuming Raw and Pasteurized Cow's Milk
Report, December 8, 2014

They Just Say Organic Food Is Healthier”: Perceptions of Healthy Food among Supermarket Shoppers in Southwest Baltimore
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment, December 2014

No Meat, Less Meat, or Better Meat: Understanding NGO Messaging Choices Intended to Alter Meat Consumption in Light of Climate Change
Environmental Communication, December 2014

Commercial aquaponics production and profitability: Findings from an international survey (Research Brief pdf)
Aquaculture, 2014

Offshore Finfish Aquaculture in the United States: An Examination of Federal Laws That Could be Used to Address Environmental and Occupational Public Health Risks
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2014

"We don't tell people what to do": An examination of the factors influencing NGO decisions to campaign for reduced meat consumption in light of climate change
Global Environmental Change, November 2014

Persistence of livestock-associated antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among industrial hog operation workers in North Carolina over 14 days
Occupational & Environmental Medicine, September 8, 2014

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products in chicken meat and other food animal products: A market-based pilot study
Science of the Total Environment, Volume 490, 15 August 2014

Consumer Understanding of Calorie Labeling: A Healthy Monday E-Mail and Text Message Intervention
Health Promotion Practice, July 31, 2014

An International Survey of Aquaponics Practitioners (Research Brief pdf)
PLOS ONE, July 2014

Public Health Perspectives on Aquaculture
Current Environmental Health Reports, July 2014

Collaboration Meets Opportunity: The Baltimore Food Policy Initiative (Research Brief pdf)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, June 17, 2014

Interplay between policy and science regarding low-dose antimicrobial use in livestock
Frontiers in Microbiology, March 7, 2014

Investigating the Role of State Permitting and Agriculture Agencies in Addressing Public Health Concerns Related to Industrial Food Animal Production
PLOS ONE, February 2014

Urban Community Gardeners' Knowledge and Perceptions of Soil Contaminant Risks
PLOS ONE, February 2014

Country-of-Origin Labeling Prior to and at the Point of Purchase: An Exploration of the Information Environment in Baltimore City Grocery Stores
Ecology of Food and Nutrition, January 17, 2014

Availability of Information about Airborne Hazardous Releases from Animal Feeding Operations
PLOS One, January 2014

Strengthening Vendor Standards in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Are Healthier Foods Within Reach?
Journal of Health Care Law & Policy, 2013

Restrictions on antimicrobial use in food animal production: an international regulatory and economic survey
Globalization and Health, October 16, 2013

Industrial Food Animal Production in America: Examining the Impact of the Pew Commission's Priority Recommendations
Center for a Livable Future, October 2013

High-Density Livestock Operations, Crop Field Application of Manure, and Risk of Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infection in Pennsylvania
JAMA Internal Medicine, September 2013

Public Health Responses to Arsenic in Rice and Other Foods
JAMA Internal Medicine, August 2013

Roxarsone, Inorganic Arsenic, and Other Arsenic Species in Chicken: A U.S.-Based Market Basket Sample (Research Brief pdf)
Environmental Health Perspectives, May 2013

State-Level Recreational Fishing Regulations and Fish Consumption Advisories in the United States: Identifying Opportunities for Improved Interagency Collaboration (Research Brief pdf)
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 2013

Investigating the Role of State and Local Health Departments in Addressing Public Health Concerns Related to Industrial Food Animal Production Sites
PLOS ONE, 2013

Understanding Grocery Purchasing in a Low-income Urban Environment (Research Brief pdf)
Qualitative Health Research, February 2013

Growing Healthy Food and Farm Policy: The Impact of Farm Bill Policies on Public Health
CLF Report, 2012

Farm Bill 2012 - Protecting Environmental Compliance Programs (Research Brief pdf)
Fall 2012

Analysis of Marine Police Citations and Judicial Decisions for Illegal Harvesting of Eastern Oysters (Crassostrea Virginica, Gmelin 1791) in the Maryland Portion of the Chesapeake Bay, United States, from 1959-2010. (Research Brief pdf )
Journal of Shellfish Research, Volume 31, No. 3, 2012

Exploring Food System Policy: A Survey of Food Policy Councils in the United States (Research Brief pdf)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 2012

Sodexo Meatless Monday Survey Results
CLF Report, April 2012

Feather Meal: A Previously Unrecognized Route for Reentry into the Food Supply of Multiple Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products (PPCPs)
Environmental Science and Technology, March 2012

A Comparative Study of Allowable Pesticide Residue Levels on Produce in the United States
Globalization and Health, January 2012

Peak Oil, Food Systems, and Public Health
American Journal of Public Health, September 2011

Veterinary drug residues in seafood inspected by the European union, United States, Canada, and Japan from 2000 to 2009
Environmental Science & Technology, September 2011

Using Policy to Influence School Food Environments
Childhood Obesity, August 2011

Dose Imprecision and Resistance: Free-Choice Medicated Feeds in Industrial Food Animal Production in the United States
Environmental Health Perspectives, October 2010

Managing Waste from Confined Animal Feeding Operations in the United States: The Need for Sanitary Reform
Journal of Water and Health, December 2010

Healthy Monday: Two Literature Reviews
CLF White Paper, 2010

The Baltimore City Food Environment
CLF Report, 2010

Balanced Menus: A Pilot Evaluation of Implementation in Four San Francisco Bay Area Hospitals
CLF Report, 2010

Understanding and Addressing Food Security in SouthWest Baltimore
CLF Report, 2009

Food Systems and Public Health Disparities
Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition, 2009

Pesticides and the Maryland Chesapeake Bay Watershed
White Paper by the Maryland Pesticide Network in collaboration with The Pesticides and the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Project Working Group facilitators, project stakeholders and technical experts, 2009

Antibiotic Resistance: A Multi-Billion Dollar Health Care Crisis
CLF Congressional Testimony, 2009

Measurement and communication of greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. food consumption via carbon calculators
Journal of Ecological Economics, 2009

Periodic Prompts and Reminders in Health Promotion and Health Behavior Interventions: Systematic Review
Journal of Internet Medical Research, 2009

Community Food Security in United States Cities : A Survey of the Relevant Scientific Literature
CLF White Paper, 2009

Literature Review of Methods and Tools for Quantifying the Indirect Environmental Impacts of Food Procurement
CLF Report, 2008

Yesterday's dinner, tomorrow's weather, today's news? US newspaper coverage of food system contributions to climate change
Public Health Nutrition, 2008

Aquaculture practices and potential human health risks: Current knowledge and future priorities
Environment International, 2008

What Do We Feed to Food-Production Animals? A Review of Animal Feed Ingredients and Their Potential Impacts on Human Health
Environmental Health Persepectives, 2008

Feed for Food-Producing Animals: A Resource on Ingredients, the Industry, and Regulation
CLF Report, 2007

Growth Promoting Antibiotics in Food Animal Production: An Economic Analysis
Public Health Reports, 2007

Perspectives on Childhood Obesity Prevention: Recommendations from Public Health Research and Practice
CLF White Paper, 2007

Public Health Implications of Meat Production and Consumption
Public Health Nutrition, 2005

Linking Ecology and Human Health: Chesapeake Bay Health Indicators Project
CLF White Paper. May 2004

The Relationship Between Meat Intake and Cardiovascular Disease
CLF White Paper, 2003

How Sustainable Agriculture Can Address the Environmental and Human Harms of Industrial Agriculture
Environmental Health Perspectives, 2002