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Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
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Hib & Pneumococcal Vaccines

Vaccines are a critical tool for increasing child survival. Historically, vaccination has proven to be a safe, cost-effective option for dramatically reducing death and disability associated with many childhood diseases, such as pneumonia, measles and polio.

  • Pneumococcal vaccines can protect children from Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is the most common cause of severe pneumonia among children living in the developing world, and can also causes meningitis and sepsis.
  • Hib vaccine is also available to protect children against Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib), which is another major cause of severe pneumonia, as well as meningitis.

These vaccines have been used successfully primarily in industrialized countries to reduce the burden of child pneumonia.  In recent years, great progress has been made in increasing access to these vaccines for children in developing countries as well. However, much work remains to ensure universal access to these life-saving interventions.