Skip Navigation

Global Mental Health

Children and Adolescents

Enhanced Group Antenatal Care for Adolescents in Mali (2018-2020)

Randomized controlled trial of the Common Elements Treatment Approach to reduce interpersonal violence and alcohol abuse among families in Zambia – child outcomes include a range of mental, behavioral and psychosocial outcomes (2016-2019)

J. C. Kane, S. Skavenski Van Wyk, S. M. Murray, P. Bolton, F. Melendez, C. K. Danielson, P. Chimponda, S. Munthali, L. K. Murray (2017) Testing the effectiveness of a transdiagnostic treatment approach in reducing violence and alcohol abuse among families in Zambia: study protocol of the Violence and Alcohol Treatment (VATU) trial Journal: Global Mental Health / Volume 4 /

Caregiver Training Intervention for enhancing neurological and cognitive development among HIV-infected and HIV-affected children ages 2-5 years in Uganda (2012-2016)

Bass JK, Opoka R, Familiar I, Nakasujja N, Sikorskii A, Awadu J, Givon D, Shohet C, Murray SM, Augustinavicius J, Mendelson T, Boivin M. (2017) Randomized controlled trial of caregiver training for HIV-infected child neurodevelopment and caregiver well-being.  AIDS. 31(13):1877-1883.
Boivin MJ, Nakasujja N, Familiar I, Murray SM, Sikorskii A, Awadu J, Shohet C, Givn Dr, Ruisenor-Esudero H, Schut EE, Opoka RO, Bass JK (2017). Effect of caregiver training on neurodevelopment of HIV-exposed uninfected children and caregiver mental health: a Ugandan cluster randomized controlled trial. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics.
Bass, J. K., Nakasujja, N., Familiar-Lopez, I., Sikorskii, A., Murray, S. M., Opoka, R., ... & Boivin, M. J. (2016). Association of caregiver quality of care with neurocognitive outcomes in HIV-affected children aged 2–5 years in Uganda. AIDS care28(sup1), 76-83.

Studies of a Trauma-Focused Psychotherapy (TF-CBT) for children and adolescents in Zambia (2008 – 2018)

Murray LK, Skavenski van Wyk S, Kane JC, Mayeya J, Dorsey S, Cohen, JA, Michalopoulos L, Imasiku M, Bolton P. (2015) Effectiveness of Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Among Trauma-Affected Children in Lusaka, Zambia: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Pediatrics, 169(8): 761-9.
Kane JC, Murray LK, Cohen J, Dorsey S, Skavenski van Wyk S, Henderson JG, Imasiku M, Mayeya J, Bolton P. (2016). Moderators of treatment response to trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy among youth in Zambia. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 57(10): 1194-1202.
Murray LK, Skavenski S., Michalopoulos L, Bolton P, Bass J, Cohen J. Counselor and participant perspectives of Trauma Focused-Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Children in Zambia: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology – Qualitative Issue. 2014; 0 (0) 1-13. DOI: 10.1080/15374416.2013.859079. PMCID: PMC4087094.
Murray LK, Skavenski S, Bolton P, Bass J.  Jere, E. Catholic  Relief  Services,  SUCCESS  Return  to  Life,  Zambia   TF‐CBT  Pilot  Project  Report.  December, 2009
Murray LK, Familiar I, Skavenski S, Jere E, Cohen J, Imasiku M, Mayeya J, Bass JK, Bolton P. (2013) An evaluation of trauma focused cognitive behavioral therapy for children in Zambia. Child Abuse Negl. Dec;37(12):1175-85. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.04.017. Epub 2013 Jun 12.
Murray LK, Dorsey S, Skavenski S, Kasoma M, Imasiku M, Bolton P, Bass J, Cohen JA. (2013) Identification, modification, and implementation of an evidence-based psychotherapy for children in a low-income country: the use of TF-CBT in Zambia. Int J Ment Health Syst. Oct 23;7(1):24. doi: 10.1186/1752-4458-7-24.

Identifying mental health needs and developing and validating mental health, substance and alcohol use assessments and HIV risk behaviors among Zambian youth (2005-2018)

Murray SM, Bolton P, Kane J, Lakin DP, Skavenski Wyk S, Paul, R, Murray L (under review). Measuring symptoms of psychopathology in Zambian orphans and vulnerable children: Scale validation and psychometric evaluation.
Kane, J. C., Bolton, P., Murray, S. M., Bass, J. K., Lakin, D., Whetten, K., ... & Murray, L. K. (2017). Psychometric evaluation of HIV risk behavior assessments using Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing (ACASI) among orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia. AIDS care, 1-8.
Kane, J. C., Murray, L. K., Bass, J. K., Johnson, R. M., & Bolton, P. (2016). Validation of a substance and alcohol use assessment instrument among orphans and vulnerable children in Zambia using Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing (ACASI). Drug and alcohol dependence, 166, 85-92.
Kane, J., Murray, L., Sughrue, S., DeMulder, J., Skavenski van Wyk, S., Queenan, J., . . . Bolton, P. (2016). Process and implementation of Audio Computer Assisted Self-Interviewing (ACASI) assessments in low resource settings: A case example from Zambia. Global Mental Health,3. doi:10.1017/gmh.2016.19.
Murray, L. K., Dorsey, S., Bolton, P., Jordans, M. J., Rahman, A., Bass, J., & Verdeli, H. (2011). Building capacity in mental health interventions in low resource countries: an apprenticeship model for training local providers. International journal of mental health systems, 5(1), 30.
Murray, L. K., Haworth, A., Semrau, K., Singh, M., Aldrovandi, G. M., Sinkala, M., ... Bolton, P. A. (2006). Violence and abuse among HIV-infected women and their children in Zambia: A qualitative study. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 194(8), 610-615. 

Identifying, assessing and intervening on mental health problems of War-affected Adolescents in Northern Uganda (2005-2008)

Bolton P, Bass J, Betancourt T, Speelman L, Onyango G, Clougherty KF, Neugebauer R, Murray L, Verdeli, H. (2007) Interventions for Depression Symptoms Among Adolescent Survivors of War and Displacement in Northern Uganda: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 298(5):519–527. doi:10.1001/jama.298.5.519.
Verdeli, H., Clougherty, K., Onyango, G., Lewandowski, E., Speelman, L., Betancourt, T. S., ... Bolton, P. (2008). Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depressed Youth in IDP Camps in Northern Uganda: Adaptation and Training. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 17(3), 605-624. DOI: 10.1016/j.chc.2008.03.002.
Betancourt, T. S., Speelman, L., Onyango, G., & Bolton, P. (2009). A qualitative study of mental health problems among children displaced by war in northern Uganda. Transcultural psychiatry, 46(2), 238-256. 10.1097/01.nmd.0000230662.01953.bc.
Betancourt, T. S., Bass, J., Borisova, I., Neugebauer, R., Speelman, L., Onyango, G., & Bolton, P. (2009). Assessing local instrument reliability and validity: a field-based example from northern Uganda. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 44(8), 685-692.
Betancourt, T. S., Newnham, E. A., Brennan, R. T., Verdeli, H., Borisova, I., Neugebauer, R., ... & Bolton, P. (2012). Moderators of treatment effectiveness for war-affected youth with depression in northern Uganda. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51(6), 544-550.
Haroz, E. E., Murray, L. K., Bolton, P., Betancourt, T., & Bass, J. K. (2013). Adolescent resilience in Northern Uganda: the role of social support and prosocial behavior in reducing mental health problems. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23(1), 138-148.


Studies with Refugee Youth

Addressing mental health needs of Somali children living in refugee camps in Ethiopia with a Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA) (2010-2013)

Murray, L. K., Hall, B., Dorsey, S., Ugeuto, A., Puffer, E. S., Sim, A., Ismael, A., Bass, J., Akiba, C., Lucid, L., Harrison, J., Erikson, A., & Bolton, P. A. (under review). An open trial of a common elements approach for youth in Somali refugee camps.

Evaluation of a family-based social interaction/community-building activity among Iraqi refugee families currently living in and around Amman, Jordan (2009-2010)

Bass, J., Mendelson, T., Kuwabara, S., Hijazi, Z., & Baca, M. J. (2010). Impact Assessment of a Home-Based Psychosocial Program for Iraqi families in Jordan (pp. 1-37, Rep.). Jordan: International Medical Corps (IMC).

Assistance in program design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation for Karenni children living in Thai refugee camp (2010-2013)


Studies with Street Youth

Global Initiative to meet the Psychosocial Needs of Street Children: Building Capacity to Design, Implement, Monitor and Evaluate Program (2008-2011)

Bolton P, Murray L, Kippen S, Bass J. (2007) Assessment of urban street children and children living in government institutions in Georgia: development and testing of a locally-adapted psychosocial assessment instrument. USAID Development Clearinghouse:
Murray L, Singh NS, Surkan P, Semrau K, Bass J, Bolton PA. (2012) A qualitative study of Georgian youth who are on the street or institutionalized.  International Journal of Pediatrics. Epub 2012 Nov 22.


Studies with Trafficked Girls

Identifying and meeting the mental health needs of trafficked and exploited girls in transition shelters in and around Phnom Penh, Cambodia (2007)

Bolton, P., Nadelman, S., & Wallace, T. (2008). Qualitative Assessment of Trafficked Girls in Cambodia (pp. 1-21, Rep.). Boston, MA: Boston University.
Bass, J., Bolton, P., & Bearup, L. (2010). Assessment of Trafficked and Abused Girls living in Shelters in Cambodia: Development and Testing of a Locally-Adapted Psychosocial Assessment Instrument (pp. 1-46, Rep.). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 
Bass, J., Bearup, L., Bolton, P., Murray, L., & Skavenski, S. (2011). Implementing Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) among Formerly Trafficked-Sexually Exploited and Sexually Abused Girls in Cambodia: A Feasibility Study. Phnom Penh, Cambodia: World Vision.


Systematic and Scoping Reviews

Impact of maternal mental health interventions on child-related outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis (2017-2018)

Monitoring and evaluation of mental health and psychosocial support programs in humanitarian settings: A scoping review (2017-2018)

Literature Review of the Evidence for Psychosocial Support Programs in Low-Resource Humanitarian Settings (2016-2018)

Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Reference Group for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings.  Ecuador Earthquake Desk Review of Existing Information with Relevance to Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (2016)

Troya MI, Greene MC, Santos CG, Shultz JM (2016). Conducting a desk review to inform mental health and psychosocial support response to the 2016 Ecuador earthquake. Disaster Health, 3(4): 90-101. URL:

Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Reference Group for Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings.  Nepal Earthquakes Desk Review of Existing Information with Relevance to Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (2015)