Dr. Anna M. Baetjer ( 1899-1984 )
Anna M. Baetjer, a pioneer in the fields of occupational health and industrial hygiene, is best remembered by members of the Johns Hopkins community as a great teacher whose counsel and guidance influenced many lives and careers. Her career in research and teaching spanned 60 years.
She received her BA from Wellesley College in 1920, and her DSc from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health in 1924.
After earning her doctoral degree, she joined the faculty of the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.
Her interest in occupational health began with studies in the 1920s of the effects of high temperature and humidity on workers. As early as the 1950s, she called for increased studies of air pollution, and in the early 1960s she foresaw the coming concern over complex chemicals in the environment.
In 1963, she established at Johns Hopkins one of the first research and training programs in environmental toxicology in the United States.
Best known for her study of the relationship between cancer and chromium, Baetjer wrote Women and Industry, Their Health and Efficiency in 1940, and served as a past president of the American Industrial Hygiene Association.
The American Occupational Medicine Association awarded her its first Outstanding Medical Education award. She was sought after as a consultant and served as an advisor to the National Research Council, the Industrial Health Foundation, the EPA, and the U.S. Army Environmental Hygiene Agency.