Between 2000 and 2013, the global health community succeeded in decreasing the number of deaths due to pneumonia and diarrhea in children under the age of five years by 44% and 54%, respectively. However, reductions in annual child mortality rates for pneumonia and diarrhea, the leading killers of children under five, have continued to be only modest. The 15 countries with the greatest number of under-five child deaths from pneumonia and diarrhea in 2013 bore 71% of the global burden of child deaths from these two diseases in spite of accounting for only 56% of the world’s under five-year-old population. The 2014 Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report evaluates the progress of these 15 highest-burden countries in implementing high-impact interventions outlined in the Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of Pneumonia and Diarrhea (GAPPD) relative to GAPPD coverage targets, where data are available.

Read the 2011 Pneumonia and Diarrhea Progress Report here.