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RSV Suveillance in Native Americans (RSV SuNA)

Tuba City, AZ, United States


Summary

Respiratory Syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading viral cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) globally, and American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/AN), who experience many health disparities, are at increased risk of RSV disease compared to the general US population. The RSV Surveillance in Native Americans (RSV SuNA) study will quantify and describe the current burden of RSV ALRI among AI/AN children under five years of age and pregnant AI/AN woman via active, population-based inpatient and outpatient surveillance of ALRI in three AI communities in the southwestern US and two AN communities in Alaska over five RSV seasons. The surveillance platform established by this project and the data it produces will be instrumental in informing the use (and potentially measuring the impact) of future RSV-prevention interventions (e.g. maternal vaccines or monoclonal antibodies) not only in these high-risk settings, but throughout the US and globally.

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