Anita Shet
Anita Shet

Anita Shet, MD

  • Associate Scientist

Departmental Affiliations

  • International Health (Primary)
    • Division: Health Systems

Contact Information

415 N. Washington Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21231

P:  410-502-2629


PhD, Karolinska Institute, 2014
MD, University of Minnesota, 2000
MBBS, Bangalore University, 1993


Dr. Anita Shet’s research seeks to improve health outcomes in young children in resource-limited settings. During her previous tenure as Professor of Pediatrics at St John’s Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, her research centered on young children born and living with HIV, and findings provided evidence to streamline therapeutic strategies in these children. She has led clinical trials exploring the effect of iron supplementation in HIV-infected children with anemia and inflammation, as well as trials addressing improved drug adherence and treatment outcomes in HIV by interventions designed to modify behavior. Ongoing research explores specific pathways of immune-protection and viral suppression in perinatally acquired HIV.

She is a member of the Child Health Epidemiology Research Group that investigated child mortality in India and highlighted the proportion of child mortality attributable to vaccine-preventable infections. She is currently working on pneumonia and meningitis in young children, identifying pneumococcal serotypes that cause invasive pneumococcal disease in studies aimed at informing vaccine development and policy in India. Her research also includes the study of emerging infections in children in the developing world, including characterization of molecular epidemiology and immunology of dengue infections among Indian children.

Honors and honors

2015: Elected Member of the Society for Pediatric Research (SPR)

2014: Wellcome Trust-Department of Biotechnology India Alliance Senior Fellowship Award

2010: Erasmus Mundus Award, Lund University, European Union

2008: International Young Women Physicians-Scientists Award, by the International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID)

2006: International Nutrition Foundation/Ellison Medical Foundation Fellowship Award

2002: Clinical Research Award, Society for Pediatric Research, 2002 Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies, Baltimore.

2002: Fellows Research Award: for outstanding achievement in research: 16th Annual Pediatric Fellows’ Research Symposium, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

2001: Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP)

1995: Dr. Menino Prize awarded for Best Outgoing Student, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore

1994: Dr. Fred Noronha Award for Best Undergraduate Medical Student, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore

Research Interests

  • Child health
  • Childhood pneumonia
  • Dengue
  • Pediatric HIV
  • Vaccines, Pediatric infectious diseases


Selected publications from the last 5 years

  • Shet A, Nagaraja P, Dixit NM. Viral decay dynamics and mathematical modeling of treatment response: evidence of lower in vivo fitness of HIV-1 subtype C. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Jun 1. PMID: 27273158
  • Shet A, Bhavani PK, Kumarasamy N, Arumugam K, Poongulali S, Elumalai S, Swaminathan S. Anemia, diet and therapeutic iron among children living with HIV: a prospective cohort study. BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:164. PMID: 26482352
  • Shet A, Costa AD, Kumarasamy N, Rodrigues R, Rewari BB, Ashorn P, Eriksson B, Diwan V; HIVIND Study Team. Effect of mobile telephone reminders on treatment outcome in HIV: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in India. BMJ. 2014 Oct 24;349:g5978. PMID: 25742320
  • Shet A, Neogi U, Sahoo PN, De Costa A. Effectiveness of first-line antiretroviral therapy and acquired drug resistance among HIV-1-Infected children in India. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Dec 17. PMID: 23249907
  • Bassani DG, Kumar R, Awasthi S, Morris SK, Paul VK, Shet A, Ram U, Gaffey MF, Black RE, Jha P, Collaborators of Million Death Study. Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: a nationally representative mortality survey. Lancet. 2010 Nov 27;376(9755):1853-60. PMID: 21075444