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Carol R. Underwood, PhD

  • Assistant Professor

Departmental Affiliations

Center & Institute Affiliations

Contact Information

111 Market Place, Suite 310
Baltimore, Maryland 21202

410 659 6300

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PhD, Johns Hopkins University, 1993
MA, Columbia University, 1987
MA, University of Kansas, 1983


My overarching research goal is to understand more fully the role of social, cultural, economic, and structural factors in enabling or constraining health-related actions and health outcomes in communities around the world. In particular, I strive to incorporate phenomenology, cultural studies, and critical theory into research designs to gain a deeper understanding of how social norms, social ties, and social structures affect health.

A key aspect of my work is to translate theory and research findings into workable programmatic recommendations, with particularly attention to achieving gender equality.

  • gender equality
  • gender equity
  • culture
  • health communication
  • health literacy
  • Muslim world & Islamic thought
  • family planning and reproductive health
  • HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment
  • adolescent health
  • qualitative and participatory research methods
  • advanced quantitative methods
  • Persian (Farsi, Dari, Tajiki) speaker

Selected publications from the past five years.

  • Hendrickson ZM, Owczarzak J, Lohani S, Shrestha BT, Underwood CR Accepted for publication, August 7, 2018. The (re)productive work of labour migration: The reproductive lives of women with an absent spouse in the central hill region of Nepal. Culture, Health, & Sexuality.
  • Underwood CR, *Broaddus ET, Kc S, Thapa RK. 2017. Community Theater Participation and Nutrition-Related Practices: Evidence from Nepal. Journal of Health Communication, 22(4), 327-336.
  • Underwood C and Schwandt HM. 2016. Assessing girls’ HIV vulnerability: Evidence from Botswana, Malawi, and Mozambique. Health Policy and Planning, 31(6), 729-735.
  • Underwood CR and Kamhawi SS. 2014. Friday sermons, family planning and gender equity attitudes and actions: evidence from Jordan. Journal of Public Health 2014;?doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdu090.
  • Underwood, C., Brown, J., Sherard, D., Tushabe, B. & Abdur-Rahman, A. 2011. “Ritual Communication and Changing Gender Norms in Uganda: A Study of African Transformation.”  Journal of Communication, 61: 197-218.