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Anita Shet, MD

  • Associate Scientist

Departmental Affiliations

Contact Information

415 N. Washington Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21231


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PhD, Karolinska Institute, 2014
MD, University of Minnesota, 2000
MBBS, Bangalore University, 1993


Dr. Anita Shet is a pediatric infectious diseases specialist with broad interests in clinical epidemiology and childhood infections in low and middle-income countries. Her work spans child mortality and morbidity in India with a specific focus on vaccine-preventable infections. She leads a multicenter study on surveillance of invasive pneumococcal infections among Indian children and is evaluating the impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine rollout in India. Her current research includes the study of clinical epidemiology and immunology of dengue infections in children.

She has experience in the treatment and care of children living with HIV, and her research has explored evidence-based approaches to streamline therapy in these children, specifically by studying the interactions of nutrition and infection. She has conducted clinical trials exploring the effect of iron supplementation in HIV-infected children with anemia and inflammation. She has also led trials addressing drug adherence and treatment outcomes in HIV using complex interventions designed to modify behavior. Ongoing research explores specific pathways of immune-protection and viral suppression in perinatally acquired HIV.

She currently serves on the Council of the International Congress of Infectious Diseases, and is a member of the Indo-US Vaccine Action Program Steering Group on Epidemiological Preparation for Vaccine Trials.

Honors and Awards

2015: Elected Member of the Society for Pediatric Research (SPR)

2014: Wellcome Trust-Department of Biotechnology India Alliance Senior Fellowship Award

2010: Erasmus Mundus Award, Lund University, European Union

2008: International Young Women Physicians-Scientists Award, by the International Society for Infectious Diseases (ISID)

2006: International Nutrition Foundation/Ellison Medical Foundation Fellowship Award

2002: Clinical Research Award, Society for Pediatric Research, 2002 Annual Meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies, Baltimore.

2002: Fellows Research Award: for outstanding achievement in research: 16th Annual Pediatric Fellows’ Research Symposium, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis

2001: Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics (FAAP)

1995: Dr. Menino Prize awarded for Best Outgoing Student, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore

1994: Dr. Fred Noronha Award for Best Undergraduate Medical Student, St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore

  • Child health
  • Vaccines
  • Childhood pneumonia
  • Dengue
  • Pediatric HIV
  • Pediatric infectious diseases

Selected publications from the last 5 years

  • Shet A, Nagaraja P, Dixit NM. Viral decay dynamics and mathematical modeling of treatment response: evidence of lower in vivo fitness of HIV-1 subtype C. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Jun 1. PMID: 27273158
  • Shet A, Bhavani PK, Kumarasamy N, Arumugam K, Poongulali S, Elumalai S, Swaminathan S. Anemia, diet and therapeutic iron among children living with HIV: a prospective cohort study. BMC Pediatrics 2015 15:164. PMID: 26482352
  • Shet A, Costa AD, Kumarasamy N, Rodrigues R, Rewari BB, Ashorn P, Eriksson B, Diwan V; HIVIND Study Team. Effect of mobile telephone reminders on treatment outcome in HIV: evidence from a randomised controlled trial in India. BMJ. 2014 Oct 24;349:g5978. PMID: 25742320
  • Shet A, Neogi U, Sahoo PN, De Costa A. Effectiveness of first-line antiretroviral therapy and acquired drug resistance among HIV-1-Infected children in India. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012 Dec 17. PMID: 23249907
  • Bassani DG, Kumar R, Awasthi S, Morris SK, Paul VK, Shet A, Ram U, Gaffey MF, Black RE, Jha P, Collaborators of Million Death Study. Causes of neonatal and child mortality in India: a nationally representative mortality survey. Lancet. 2010 Nov 27;376(9755):1853-60. PMID: 21075444