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Stefan Baral, MD

  • Associate Professor

Departmental Affiliations

Center & Institute Affiliations

Contact Information

615 N. Wolfe Street
Room E7146
Baltimore, Maryland 21205

(410) 614-8371

Center for Public Health and Human Rights
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MPH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2007
MBA, Johns Hopkins Carey Business School, 2007
MD, Queen's University, 2005
MSc, McMaster University, 2001
BSc, McGill University, 1999


Stefan Baral is a physician epidemiologist and an Associate Professor in the Department of Epidemiology at the Johns Hopkins School of Public Health (JHSPH).  Stefan completed his certification in Community Medicine as a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and Family medicine with the Canadian Council of Family Physicians.

Stefan has also been involved in HIV epidemiology, prevention, and implementation research focused on the epidemiology, human rights contexts, and effective interventions for gay men and other men who have sex with men, transgender women, and female sex workers across Western and Central, and Southern Africa and parts of Asia with support from USAID, CDC, NIH, amfAR, and the Global Fund.  In addition, Stefan has led or supported the implementation and evaluation of HIV prevention studies globally characterizing effective combination HIV prevention packages for key populations across multiple low and income countries.  Stefan acts as the Director of the Key Populations Program for the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at the JHSPH

Honors and Awards

2018 Research Contributions to Health in Senegal, Ministry of Health, Senegal

2015 Global Health Advising Award, Center for Global Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

2012 Global Health Advising Award, Center for Global Health, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

2009 C.P. Shah Award for Resident Research Project, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

2008 Award for Best Resident Research Project, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto

2008 Patient Advocacy Award, Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Toronto

2006 High Commendation, 90/10 Health Gap Essay Competition, , Global Forum for Health Research

2004 Medical Student Citizenship Award, Professional Association of Residents and Interns of Ontario (PAIRO)

2003 Betty O’Neil Scanlon & Dr. Francis Cannella Bursary, Faculty of Medicine, Queen’s University

2003 Federal Government Millennium Scholarship (Canada)

2003 Canadian Institutes of Health Research Clinical Summer Studentship Award

2002 John McGill Yourex Scholarship, Faculty of Medicine, Queen’s University

2002 Federal Government Millennium Scholarship (Canada)

2002 Leukemia Society of Canada Summer Studentship Award

2001 Frank Newell Scholarship, Faculty of Medicine, Queen’s University

2001 Federal Government Millennium Scholarship (Canada)

2000 Lorne F. Lambier, Q.C. Cancer Research Scholarship, Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University

  • epidemiology
  • implementation research
  • key populations
  • human rights
  • HIV, sexually transmitted infections, men who have sex with men, Sub-Saharan Africa, sex work, people who use drugs

A few selected publications, but seriously, if you care, just check out pubmed! :) Pubmed Bibliography Google Scholar Profile

  • Baral S, Beyrer C, Muessig K, et al. Burden of HIV among female sex workers in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infect Dis 2012; 12(7): 538-49
  • Baral S, Sifakis F, Cleghorn F, Beyrer C. Elevated risk for HIV infection among men who have sex with men in low- and middle-income countries 2000-2006: a systematic review. PLoS Med 2007; 4(12): e339.
  • Schwartz S, Nowak R, Orazulike I, Keshinro B, Ake J, Kennedy S, Njoku O, Blattner W, Charurat M, Baral S, on behalf of the TRUST Study Group.  The immediate effect of the Same-Sex Marriage Prohibition Act on stigma, discrimination, and engagement on HIV prevention and treatment services in men who have sex with men in Nigeria: analysis of prospective data from the TRUST cohort. The Lancet HIV. Published online 1 June 2015.
  • Baral SD, Wirtz A, Sifakis F, Johns B, Walker D, Beyrer C. The Highest Attainable Standard of Evidence (HASTE) for HIV/AIDS Interventions: Toward a Public Health Approach to Defining Evidence. Public Health Rep 2012; 127(6): 572-84.
  • Peitzmeier, S. M., A. Grosso, A. Bowes, N. Ceesay and S. D. Baral (2015). "Associations of Stigma With Negative Health Outcomes for People Living With HIV in the Gambia: Implications for Key Populations." J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 68 Suppl 2: S146-153.
  • Continuum of prevention, care and treatment (CoPCT) of HIV/AIDS
  • Implementation of the West Africa Research to Inform Programming
  • Leveraging community & peer-based approaches to enhance the continuum of HIV
  • MSM peer educator and health services
  • Siyaphambili PrEP Supplement
  • Siyaphambili Study
  • Strategic Partnership between the Center for Public Health and Human Rights
  • The Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research (JHU CFAR): Baral PEPFAR