PhD, Stanford University, 1982
As a developmental psychologist, my research centers on understanding the origins of human development, the interface between individual differences in development and physiology, and the implications of the prenatal period for postnatal life. My current research program, which has been ongoing for nearly 30 years, extends this interest to the human fetus. We use digitized assessment methods of measuring fetal neurobehavioral functioning to investigate the ontogeny of development with the ultimate goal of predicting clinical and developmental outcome from the fetal period. Within this context, we are further exploring the role of maternal factors, including substance exposure, maternal emotions, and physiological changes during pregnancy in mediating fetal development.