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Special Event - Gun Policy Summit - January 14 & 15, 2013

Contributor Bios

* Indicates speaker at the conference

Michael R. BloombergMichael R. Bloomberg* is the 108th Mayor of the City of New York. He began his career in 1966 at Salomon Brothers, and after being let go in 1981, he began Bloomberg LP, a global media company which today has over 310,000 subscribers to its financial news and information service. As his company grew, Michael Bloomberg started directing more of his attention to philanthropy. He has sat on the boards of numerous charitable institutions, including Johns Hopkins University, where he helped build the Bloomberg School of Public Health into one of the world's leading institutions of public health research and training. In 2001 he ran for mayor of the City of New York and, in a major upset, won the election. In office, Mayor Bloomberg has cut crime more than 35 percent and created jobs by attracting new investment and supporting small business growth. He has implemented ambitious public health strategies, including the ban on smoking in restaurants and bars, and expanded support for arts and cultural organizations. His education reforms have driven graduation rates up 40 percent since 2005. The City has weathered the national recession much better than most other places. Since October 2009, the nation has gained back only one out of every four jobs that were lost in the recession. Meanwhile, New York City has gained back nearly all of its lost jobs. Michael Bloomberg attended Johns Hopkins University and received an MBA from Harvard Business School. He is the father of two daughters, Emma and Georgina.

Ronal J. Daniels, JD, LLMRonald J. Daniels*, JD, LLM, is 14th president of The Johns Hopkins University. Previously, he was provost and professor of law at the University of Pennsylvania and dean and James M. Tory Professor of Law at the University of Toronto. Since arriving at Johns Hopkins, Daniels has focused his leadership on three overarching themes: enhanced interdisciplinary collaboration, individual excellence, and community engagement.  Under his leadership, a number of cross-school collaborations have emerged, including efforts related to individual health and the science of learning; significant investments have been made in undergraduate and graduate education and financial aid; and the university has strategically deepened its commitment to Baltimore, as evidenced by the new Elmer A. Henderson School in East Baltimore and the $10 million Homewood Community Partners Initiative. Daniels’ research focuses on the intersections of law, economics, development and public policy, and he has also has engaged on a range of policy issues from corporate governance and anti-terrorism legislation in Canada, to risk and disaster policy in the United States. Daniels received an LLM from Yale University and a BA and JD from the University of Toronto.

Governor O'MalleyMartin O’Malley* is Governor of the State of Maryland. In the middle of his second term, Maryland businesses are creating jobs, Maryland students are achieving record success, and the men and women of Maryland’s law enforcement are making Maryland’s neighborhoods safer. The Governor’s job creation initiatives have helped establish Maryland’s place as a global leader in innovation. The U.S. Chamber of Commerce ranks Maryland No. 1 for entrepreneurship and innovation.  The Milken Institute ranks Maryland No. 1 in research and development per capita, and No. 2 for science and technology assets. Governor O’Malley’s public safety polices have helped drive violent crime and homicide rates in the State of Maryland to 36-year lows.  Maryland’s public school system has been ranked No. 1 in America for five years in a row.  The College Board reported that, in recent years, no state has done as much as Maryland to keep the costs of tuition down. The Governor’s policies have helped save the Chesapeake Bay’s blue crab population and make significant improvements to the health of the Bay. Maryland is one of only nine states to earn a Triple A Bond Rating, certified by all three rating agencies. Since taking office, Governor O’Malley has made more than $8 billion in cuts to state spending. Prior to serving as Governor, O’Malley served as Mayor of the City of Baltimore, which has achieved the largest reduction of crime of any major city in America in the last 10 years.

Ted AlcornTed Alcorn is a senior policy analyst in the Office of the Mayor of New York City. He contributes frequent public health reporting to The Lancet and has also published work in the International Herald Tribune, The Financial Times, Guernica, and the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. He earned an MHS from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and MA from the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies (SAIS), and then lived in Beijing, China as a Henry Luce Scholar.

Philip AlpersPhilip Alpers* is an adjunct associate professor at the Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney. Alpers analyzes the public health effects of armed violence, firearm injury prevention and small arms proliferation. His website compares armed violence and gun laws across more than 200 jurisdictions. Accredited to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action since 2001, Alpers participates in the United Nations process as a member of the Australian government delegation. Relevant work includes a 20-nation regional study (Small Arms in the Pacific), field work with users and traffickers (Gunrunning in Papua New Guinea: from arrows to assault weapons in the Southern Highlands), a 10-year impact analysis of the world's largest firearm buyback (Australia's 1996 Gun Law Reforms: faster falls in firearm deaths, firearm suicides, and a decade without mass shootings) and the disposal of military small arms (Papua New Guinea: small numbers, big fuss, real results).

Deborah AzraelDeborah Azrael, PhD, has been a member of the firearms research group at the Harvard School of Public Health for more than 20 years, working collaboratively with her colleagues David Hemenway, Matthew Miller, and Cathy Barber throughout that time. Dr. Azrael's academic training is in statistics and evaluative sciences. Much of her work over the past decades has been in designing and building injury surveillance systems, including the pilot for the National Violent Death Reporting System (of which she was co-director, with Cathy Barber), and the Boston Data System, a surveillance system designed to track youth violence at the neighborhood level in Boston (which she continues to direct). Her academic work has focused, often in collaboration with David Hemenway and Matthew Miller, on the relationship between firearm availability and injury-related mortality. She has also worked extensively on studies that have used ecologic- and individual-level data to understand risk of suicide across and within populations, e.g, suicide in the Veterans Administration, suicide among young African-American men and the effects of psychotropic medications on suicide risk.

Antonio BandeiraAntonio Rangel Torres Bandeira* is coordinator for Firearms Control, Viva Rio, Brazil. Mr. Bandeira has served as an advisor for the Parliamentary Front for Disarmament for the new firearms control law, the Disarmament Statute (2003). He also serves as the civil society coordinator for the National Buy-Back Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) Campaign and has been a member of the Brazilian Government delegation for the UN Conference on Illicit Traffic of SALW. In addition, he has advised the governments of Mozambique, Bolivia, Angola, El Salvador, Venezuela and the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, on SALW public policy and ammunition control and buy-back disarmament campaigns. Mr. Bandeira is a former vice-minister of Welfare in the Brazilian government and advisor to the president of Brazil. He is a founding member of the International Network on Small Arms. He earned an MA in Political Science from York University.

Colleen BarryColleen L. Barry*, PhD, MPP, is an associate professor and associate chair for Research and Practice in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr. Barry's research focuses on policy and regulation affecting often-stigmatized health conditions with a focus on mental illness, substance use disorders and obesity. She teaches courses in health policy and politics and public opinion research. She is principal investigator of an NIMH R01 to understand the effects of implementation of the recent federal mental health and addiction parity law, and is principal investigator on a NIDA R01 to evaluate the effects of regulations aimed at increasing rates of use of new treatments for substance use disorders. Dr. Barry has been involved with a number of projects examining the implications of various aspects of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on mental illness and addiction treatment. She is also principal investigator on two Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Healthy Eating Research grants, studying how news media messages used to frame the issue of childhood obesity affect public attitudes about food-marketing regulation, and testing how media messages affect public opinion about sugar-sweetened beverage taxes. She received a PhD in Health Policy from Harvard University and a master's degree in public policy from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard.

Anthony BragaAnthony A. Braga*, PhD, is the Don M. Gottfredson Professor of Evidence-Based Criminology in the School of Criminal Justice at Rutgers University and a senior research fellow in the Program in Criminal Justice Policy and Management at Harvard University. He is also a member of the University of Chicago Crime Lab and a Senior Fellow in the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy at the University of California, Berkeley. He is currently the President and an elected Fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology. Dr. Braga's research involves collaborating with criminal justice, social service, and community-based organizations to address illegal access to firearms, reduce gang and group-involved violence, and control crime hot spots. Since 1995, Braga has worked closely with criminal justice practitioners in Boston to reduce youth gun violence. He was a member of the Boston Gun Project that implemented the Operation Ceasefire gang violence reduction strategy that was associated with a 63 percent reduction in youth homicides in Boston. Dr. Braga's research has been published in top criminal justice, medical and public health journals. He received his MPA from Harvard University and his PhD in Criminal Justice from Rutgers University.

David H. ChipmanDavid H. Chipman* is law enforcement consultant for Mayors Against Illegal Guns. In May 2012, Mr. Chipman retired from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) after 25 years. During Mr. Chipman's work for ATF, he served first as a street agent, disrupting criminal organizations trafficking firearms from Tidewater, Virginia, to New York City and targeting the worst armed offenders in possession of illegal guns as a member of ATF's Washington, D.C. Special Response Team (ATF's version of SWAT). He later expanded his expertise to become a Certified Explosives Specialist and member of ATF's National Response Team, where he participated in the on-scene investigations of the first World Trade Center bombing, the Branch Davidian raid near Waco, Texas, and the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. He led development of ATF's Violent Crime Impact Team (VCIT) program aimed at preventing gun homicides. Mr. Chipman was honored with the Attorney General's Award for Outstanding Contributions to Community Partnerships for Public Safety for his efforts. He is a graduate of Johns Hopkins University where he earned a master of science degree in Management and the American University where he received a BA in Justice.

Philip J. CookPhilip J. Cook*, PhD, is ITT/Sanford Professor of Public Policy, and Professor of Economics and Sociology, at Duke University. He has conducted research on crime and criminal justice throughout his career, with a sustained focus on gun violence and gun policy. He serves as co-organizer of the NBER Workshop on the Economics of Crime. He has served as consultant to the U.S. Department of Justice (Criminal Division) and to the U.S. Department of Treasury (Enforcement Division). His service with the National Academy of Sciences includes membership on expert panels dealing with alcohol-abuse prevention, injury control, violence, school rampage shootings, underage drinking, and the deterrent effect of the death penalty. Dr. Cook is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences, and an honorary Fellow in both the American Society of Criminology and the Academy of Experimental Criminology. Dr. Cook completed his PhD in economics at the University of California, Berkeley in 1973.

Edward E. CornwellEdward E. Cornwell, III*, MD, FACS, FCCM, FWACS, is the LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr. Professor and Chairman of Surgery at Howard University College of Medicine. Dr. Cornwell’s career interest is in the prevention and treatment of traumatic injuries and their critical care sequelae. He has authored or co-authored over 200 articles and chapters and has given over 300 invited presentations in the field. He has delivered the named lecture or keynote address at 20 institutions and conferences. He is a reviewer for several surgical journals and is currently deputy editor of Archives of Surgery. His present interests are focused on: the multidisciplinary approach to violence prevention among at-risk youth; trauma systems development as it relates to pre-hospital care; and health care disparities and outcomes research in trauma. Dr. Cornwell was born and raised in Washington D.C. He attended Sidwell Friends School and then received his undergraduate education at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, graduating with a degree in Biology in 1978. He then attended Howard University College of Medicine and graduated with honors (Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society) and as class president in 1982.

Shannon Frattaroli, PhD, MPHShannon Frattaroli, PhD, MPH is an associate professor at The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health where she is affiliated with the Center for Gun Policy and Research. Dr. Frattaroli’s research in the area of gun violence prevention focuses on understanding and improving how policies are implemented and enforced, with particular attention to those that aim to limit batterers’ access to guns. The role of policy makers, law enforcement, the courts and advocates in assuring that laws designed to prevent gun violence are realized through implementation and enforcement strategies is a common theme in her work. Dr. Frattaroli is currently serving as a member of the Maryland Task Force to Study Access of Mentally Ill Individuals to Regulated Firearms.

Linda K. FrismanLinda K. Frisman, PhD, is a research professor with the University of Connecticut School of Social Work and a senior research scientist with the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Dr. Frisman holds a PhD in Social Policy from the Heller School of Brandeis University, and was a postdoctoral fellow in mental health services research at Yale University. She has been the principal investigator of several federally funded studies testing interventions that address homelessness, co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders and criminal justice populations with behavioral health disorders. Currently, she is the principal investigator of the Connecticut Criminal Justice Drug Abuse Treatment Studies Center funded by NIDA, and co-principal investigator of an NIMH study regarding the impact of connection to entitlements by prisoners with mental illness who are being released.

Pete GagliardiPete Gagliardi* is senior vice president for Forensic Technology Inc. He has more than 40 years of experience extracting useful investigative information from crime guns and related evidence in both the public and private sectors. He spent 30 of those years in law enforcement, most of which were focused on the investigation of firearms- and explosive-related crimes with the ATF. In 1999, Mr. Gagliardi retired from ATF as the Special Agent in Charge of the New York Field Division. During his tenure in New York, he was responsible for managing all of ATF's law enforcement and regulatory operations within the New York/New Jersey metropolitan area. While assigned to ATF headquarters in Washington, D.C., he served as the agency's principal liaison to Congress, the deputy assistant director of Science and Technology, the deputy assistant director of Law Enforcement Programs, and the chief of Strategic Planning. In 2010, he authored the book, The 13 Critical Tasks: An Inside-Out Approach to Solving More Gun Crime, which Forensic Technology makes available at no cost to criminal justice agencies and educators. He currently serves on the Firearms Committee of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP).

Mark GlazeMark Glaze, JD, is director of Mayors Against Illegal Guns as well as a principal at The Raben Group, a public policy consulting firm with offices in Los Angeles, New York and Washington, D.C. He previously served as the first director of the Campaign Legal Center's government ethics and public affairs programs and as a member of the legal team that successfully defended the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act from constitutional challenge before the U.S. Supreme Court. He also practiced law at Clifford Chance Rogers & Wells in the firm's media law department, and from 1993 to 1996 worked as an aide to Colorado Rep. David Skaggs. Mark is an honors graduate of the George Washington University Law School and The Colorado College and is a Truman Foundation Scholar.

Adil H. HaiderAdil H. Haider, MD, MPH, FACS, is a trauma surgeon at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and an associate professor of Surgery, Anesthesiology, and Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Dr Haider is also the Director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Surgery Trials and Outcomes Research. As an internationally acclaimed trauma outcomes scientist, Dr. Haider is one of the first investigators to demonstrate significant race and insurance-based disparities in survival after traumatic injury in the U.S.  He and his group pioneered several innovative methods for data analytics that have enhanced understanding of patient outcomes after severe injury. His current research focuses on determining the underlying mechanisms that lead to inequities in trauma outcomes and care, so that effective solutions can be developed. He is widely published in scientific journals and books and he has received numerous awards for his research work from several universities and scientific societies. Dr Haider has received research funding from the National Institutes of Health/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, the American College of Surgeons and the Center for Health Care Disparity Solutions.

David Hemenway, PhDDavid Hemenway, PhD, is an economist and professor at Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and a former James Marsh Visiting Professor at Large at the University of Vermont. He is director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center. He received the Excellence in Science award from the Injury and Violence Section of the American Public Health Association and fellowships from the Pew, Soros and Robert Wood Johnson foundations. Dr. Hemenway was recognized in 2012 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as one of the 20 “most influential injury and violence professionals over the past 20 years.” He has written more than 165 journal articles and is sole author of five books. Recent books include Private Guns Public Health (U Michigan Press 2006) and While We Were Sleeping: Success Stories in Injury and Violence Prevention (U California Press 2009). Dr. Hemenway has received ten HSPH teaching awards.

Christopher S. Koper, PhDChristopher S. Koper*, PhD, is an associate professor in the Department of Criminology, Law and Society at George Mason University and a senior fellow and co-director of the evidence-based policing research program in George Mason's Center for Evidence-Based Crime Policy. Dr. Koper has more than 20 years of experiencing conducting criminological research at the Police Executive Research Forum, the University of Pennsylvania, the Urban Institute, the RAND Corporation, the Police Foundation, and other organizations, where he has written and published extensively on issues related to firearms, policing, federal crime prevention efforts, and other topics. His research on firearms, much of which he has conducted for the U.S. Department of Justice, has included studies of illegal gun markets, law enforcement strategies to reduce gun crime, trends in criminal weaponry, the 1994 federal assault weapons ban, and other federal and state policies to reduce firearms violence. He holds a PhD in criminology and criminal justice from the University of Maryland.

Hsiu-Ju LinHsiu-Ju Lin, PhD, MA, is an associate research professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Connecticut, and the principal data analyst for the Research Division at the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Dr. Lin plans and oversees data analyses of all the Division’s quantitative work, including several federally funded studies. Her areas of specialization include longitudinal data analysis, multilevel modeling, structural equation modeling and health behavior studies. She holds a doctorate in social/personality psychology from the University of Albany, State University of New York.  

Jens Ludwig, PhD, MAJens Ludwig, PhD, MA, is the McCormick Foundation Professor of Social Service Administration, Law, and Public Policy at the University of Chicago, director of the University of Chicago Crime Lab and co-director of the University of Chicago Urban Education Lab. He is also a non-resident senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), co-director of the NBER's Working Group on the Economics of Crime, and member of the MacArthur Foundation's research network on housing and families. His research has been published in leading scientific journals across a range of disciplines, including Science, New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of the American Medical Association, American Economic Review and American Journal of Sociology. He is co-author with Philip J. Cook of Gun Violence: The Real Costs (2000; Oxford University Press), co-editor with Cook of Evaluating Gun Policy (2003; Brookings Institution Press), and co-editor with Cook and Justin McCrary of Controlling Crime: Strategies and Tradeoffs (2011; University of Chicago Press). In 2012, he was elected to the National Academy of Science's Institute of Medicine. Ludwig received his BA in economics from Rutgers College and his MA and PhD in economics from Duke University.

Beth McGinty, MSBeth McGinty, MS, is a research assistant and fourth-year PhD candidate in Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Her research interests include mental illness, gun violence and the role of the news media in public policy. Her dissertation research examines the effects of news media coverage of gun violence by persons with serious mental illness on the public’s support for gun control policies and stigma towards persons with serious mental illnesses, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. At the Center for Gun Policy and Research, she is collaborating on studies on the effects of minimum legal age restrictions for firearm purchasers and possessors on gun violence and the effects of state gun sales policies on interstate trafficking of guns. She also serves as a resource on mental illness and gun violence. Prior to coming to the Bloomberg School as a Sommer Scholar in 2009, she worked for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She received an MS in Health and Behavior Science from Columbia University in 2006.

Adam Mernit, an undergraduate senior Public Health Studies major at Johns Hopkins University, is applying to the Master of Science in Public Health (MSPH) program at the Bloomberg School of Public Health. A native of Huntington, New York, he recently began working with Stephen Teret in the field of gun policy. He plans to continue along the path of gun policy research and study the impact of health research on legislative action.

Matthew Miller, MD, ScD, MPHMatthew Miller*, MD, ScD, MPH, is deputy director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center and associate professor of Injury Prevention and Health Policy at the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr. Miller, a physician with training in internal medicine, medical oncology, medical ethics, health policy and management, epidemiology and pharmacoepidemiology, has authored more than 100 journal articles and op-ed articles on suicide, interpersonal violence and unintentional injuries, many of which focus on the relationship between firearms and lethal violence. He has been recognized as an outstanding teacher at Harvard's School of Public Health and at Harvard College, most recently in 2011 when he received both the Burke Award from the Harvard Initiative for Global Health for teaching injury and violence prevention to undergraduates, and the Harvard School of Public Health's annual Teaching Award for his graduate school course on suicide prevention. He is also the recipient of the 2011 Excellence in Science Award, an honor bestowed annually by the Injury Control and Emergency Health Services Section of the American Public Health Association.

Michael A. NorkoMichael A. Norko, MD, is a forensic psychiatrist and serves as director of Forensic Services for the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services (DMHAS), where he oversees all public sector forensic services. He manages DMHAS reporting to the FBI of persons ineligible for gun purchase due to mental health adjudications. Dr. Norko is also an associate professor of psychiatry, Law & Psychiatry Division, at Yale University School of Medicine. He served on the APA Task Force on the Assessment of Violence Risk. Dr. Norko collaborated in writing legislative proposals for the “Relief from Disabilities” provision required by the NICS Improvement Amendments Act.

Mick North, PhDMick North*, PhD, was a faculty member in Biochemistry at the University of Stirling in Scotland when, in March of 1996, his only daughter was killed in a mass shooting at Dunblane Primary School. Following that event, he became a tireless advocate for gun control. He participated in the Snowdrop Campaign for a handgun ban and helped to launch the Gun Control Network (GCN) to campaign for tighter gun legislation in the UK. He remains involved with the GCN, and recently served on a panel advising the Scottish government on airgun legislation. He has participated in a number of international meetings relating to gun violence and public safety, and has spoken about gun control in the UK to audiences in Europe, North America and Australia. Until recently, he was on the board of the International Action Network on Small Arms.

Augustine Obirieze, MPH
Outcomes Research Fellow,
Howard-Hopkins Outcomes Research Center
Department of Surgery
Howard University Hospital

Rebecca PetersRebecca Peters* is a violence prevention specialist who has worked for more than 20 years on arms control, women's rights, public health and human security. A lawyer and a journalist, she was the first director of the International Action Network on Small Arms (IANSA), the global movement against gun violence. She previously worked for the Open Society Institute and was a Soros Senior Justice Fellow at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health. In the 1990s, she led the grassroots campaign in Australia that secured the overhaul of all state and territory gun laws. (Gun death rates in Australia have subsequently dropped by 50 percent.) For this work, she received the Australian Human Rights Medal, her country's highest human rights award. She is currently working for Surviving Gun Violence, a project aiming to increase assistance to survivors. A member of the IANSA Board and the Fundacio per la Pau's International Council, she is also a consultant to the University of Sydney and the Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue.

Allison Gilbert RobertsonAllison Gilbert Robertson, PhD, MPH, is assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. Dr. Robertson's interests span several areas of mental health law, policy, and services research, in particular the problems of co-occurring substance abuse and the intersection between these disorders and criminal justice involvement. She is currently an investigator on several projects including the multi-site study on gun control laws, mental illness and prevention of violence led by Dr. Jeffrey Swanson. She is principal investigator on a study funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Program on Public Health Law Research, examining the effects of legal practices used in jail diversion programs for persons with serious mental illness that aim to improve participants’ access to treatment and reduce recidivism. She received a PhD in Health Policy and Management from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and an MPH in Health Management and Policy from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor.

Lawrence E. Rosenthal, JDLawrence E. Rosenthal*, JD, is a professor at Chapman University School of Law in Orange, California. Previously, he was deputy corporation counsel for Counseling, Appeals and Legal Policy with the City of Chicago's Department of Law. In this capacity, he argued three cases before the U.S. Supreme Court and supervised a large volume of complex litigation, as well as legislative and policy matters. He entered the practice of law as an assistant U.S. attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, specializing in organized crime and public corruption prosecutions. He brought the first racketeering case involving insider trading, and secured the longest sentence–200 years–in the history of the District in an organized crime case. He clerked for Judge Prentice Marshall of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois and for Justice John Paul Stevens of the U.S. Supreme Court. He graduated from Harvard Law School, where he won the Fay Diploma and was an editor of the Harvard Law Review. He continues to engage in litigation before the Supreme Court and other appellate courts, usually on a pro bono basis.

Janey Rountree*, JD, is the firearms policy coordinator for New York City Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and chief operating officer for the bipartisan coalition Mayors Against Illegal Guns. The coalition has more than 800 U.S. member mayors who came together around the idea that it is possible to respect the Second Amendment while doing more to keep guns out of the hands of criminals. With more than one million grassroots supporters, the coalition is the largest gun violence prevention organization in the country. Ms. Rountree is a graduate of Duke Law School and Williams College.

Jeffrey Swanson, PhDJeffrey Swanson*, PhD, is a professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University School of Medicine. He is a medical sociologist with expertise in psychiatric epidemiology, mental health services research and mental health law and policy studies. Dr. Swanson is principal investigator of a multisite study on gun control laws, mental illness and prevention of violence, cosponsored by the National Science Foundation and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Program on Public Health Law Research (PHLR). He received the 2011 Carl Taube Award from the American Public Health Association for outstanding career contributions to mental health research.

Marvin S. SwartzMarvin S. Swartz, MD, is professor and head of the Division of Social and Community Psychiatry and director of Behavioral Health for the Duke University Health System. Dr. Swartz's major research and clinical interests are in improving the care of mentally ill individuals. He has been extensively involved in policy issues related to the organization and care of mentally ill individuals at the state and national level. He was a Network Member in the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on mandated community treatment examining use of legal tools to promote adherence to mental health treatment, and led the Duke team studying the use of assisted outpatient treatment in New York. He co-led a North Carolina study examining the effectiveness of psychiatric advance directives and co-led the Duke team investigating the role of antipsychotics in treatment outcomes in schizophrenia as part of the landmark NIMH-funded Clinical Antipsychotics Trials of Intervention Effectiveness study. He is a co-investigator of a study of the cost of criminal justice involvement of mentally ill individuals and the effectiveness of gun laws in reducing gun-related deaths.  Dr. Swartz is also director of the National Resource Center on Psychiatric Advance Directives and recipient of the 2011 American Public Health Association’s Carl Taube Award and American Psychiatric Association’s Senior Scholar, Health Services Research Award for career contributions to mental health services research.

Steve Teret, JD, MPHStephen P. Teret*, JD, MPH, is a professor of Health Policy and director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Law and the Public's Health. Professor Teret holds joint faculty appointments in Pediatrics and in Emergency Medicine at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He began his career working as a poverty lawyer and a trial lawyer in New York. Since 1979, he has been a full-time faculty member at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. His work includes research, teaching and public service in the areas of injury prevention, vaccine policy, tobacco policy, food policy, preparedness and, generally, public health law. Professor Teret's work has also focused on the understanding and prevention of violence, with an emphasis on gun policy. Teret is recognized as one of the first persons to write about and advocate for the use of litigation as a tool for protecting the public's health. Professor Teret is a frequent lecturer at major universities and has served as a consultant to the President, the Attorney General, the U.S. Congress, federal agencies, state legislatures and health departments. Professor Teret is the recipient of distinguished career awards from the American Public Health Association and the Association of Trial Lawyers of America.

Jon Vernick, JD, MPHJon S. Vernick*, JD, MPH, is an associate professor and associate chair in Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He is co-director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research. In addition, Vernick is co-director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Law and the Public’s Health and deputy director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy. His work has concentrated on ways in which the law and legal interventions can improve the public's health. He is particularly interested in epidemiology, policy, legal and ethical issues associated with firearm and motor vehicle injuries. He has also examined aspects of numerous other public health issues including tobacco control, preparedness and health advocacy. Vernick is also committed to graduate education, serving as an associate chair of the Johns Hopkins MPH Program. He received a BA from Johns Hopkins University, a law degree cum laude from George Washington University and an MPH from the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health.

Katherine VittesKatherine A. Vittes, PhD, MPH, is a research associate at the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research. Her research focuses on evaluating policies designed to prevent gun violence. She has published numerous articles on adolescent gun violence and gun use in intimate partner violence. In addition to having presented at more than a dozen professional conferences, Dr. Vittes has been called upon to testify in front of the Maryland legislature. Prior to joining the Bloomberg School faculty in 2008, she earned her MPH and PhD at the UCLA School of Public Health and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania.

Daniel Webster, ScD, MPHDaniel Webster*, ScD, MPH, is a professor in Health Policy and Management at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. He serves as director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Gun Policy and Research, as well as deputy director of research for the Center for the Prevention of Youth Violence. He is also affiliated with the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy. Webster is the author of numerous articles on the prevention of gun violence and firearm policy. His current research interests include evaluating the effects of various efforts to reduce violence, including state gun and alcohol policies, policing strategies focused on deterring gun violence, a community gun violence prevention initiative (Safe Streets) and Maryland’s Lethality Assessment Program for reducing the recurrence of intimate partner violence.

Adam Winkler, JD, MAAdam Winkler*, JD, MA, is a law professor at the University of California, Los Angeles. He is a specialist in American constitutional law, known primarily for his research on the right to bear arms and on corporate political speech. His work has been cited by the U.S. Supreme Court and numerous federal and state courts. His recent book, "Gunfight: The Battle Over the Right to Bear Arms, was called "provocative" and "illuminating" by The New York Times; "a fascinating survey of the misunderstood history of guns and gun control in America" by The Wall Street Journal; and "an antidote to so much in the gun debate that is one-sided and dishonest" by the Los Angeles Times. A contributor to The Daily Beast and The Huffington Post, his commentary has been featured on NBC Nightly News, CNN, The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Newsweek, The Atlantic, The New Republic, and SCOTUSblog. He edited, along with Pulitzer Prizing-winning historian Leonard Levy, the Encyclopedia of the American Constitution. He is a graduate of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service and New York University School of Law. He also holds a master's degree in political science from UCLA.

Garen J. Wintemute, MD, MPHGaren J. Wintemute*, MD, MPH, is the inaugural Susan P. Baker-Stephen P. Teret Chair in Violence Prevention and director of the Violence Prevention Research Program at the University of California, Davis. He practices and teaches emergency medicine at UC Davis Medical Center, Sacramento (a level I regional trauma center), and is professor of emergency medicine at the UC Davis School of Medicine. Dr. Wintemute's research focuses on the nature and prevention of violence and on the development of effective violence prevention measures and policies. Selected studies include assessments of risk for criminal activity and violent death among legal purchasers of handguns, evaluations of the effectiveness of denying handgun purchase to felons and violent misdemeanants, in-depth studies of gun dealers who are disproportionate sources of crime guns, and the first empirical study of gun shows. He is the author of two books: Ring of Fire (1994), a study of the handgun makers of Southern California, and Inside Gun Shows: What Goes on When Everybody Thinks Nobody's Watching (2009). He has testified before committees of Congress and state and local legislatures as an expert on firearm violence and its prevention. In 1997 he was named a Hero of Medicine by Time magazine.

April M. Zeoli, PhDApril M. Zeoli*, PhD, MPH, is an assistant professor in the School of Criminal Justice at Michigan State University. In her research, she uses public health methods and models to increase the understanding of violence and homicide. Her main field of investigation is the prevention of intimate partner violence and homicide through public health policy.