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Population, Family and Reproductive Health

Research

Contraceptive Non-use Among Women in the United States

William Mosher
A study of the determinants of nonuse of contraception among women at risk of unintended pregnancy in the United States, and their reasons for not using. The data come from the 2002 and 2006-2010 National Surveys of Family Growth.

Contraceptive Use and Birth Intervals

Amy Tsui, Qingfeng Li
Crossnational analysis of DHS data to estimate effects of contraceptive use on birth spacing and limiting and infant survival.

Covert Use of Contraception in Sub-Saharan Africa

Stan Becker
Covert use of contraception is quite high among women in Sub Saharan Africa. It is typically estimated to occur when wives report a female modern method of contraception but their husband reports no contraceptive use. In some surveys, estimates are also available from a direct question to women “Does your husband know that you are using contraception?” The purpose of this research is to document levels, trends and differentials in this practice using Demographic and Health Survey data over time in 10 SSA countries.

Estimation of Unaccompanied Children in Disaster Situations

Court Robinson
In most humanitarian emergencies little is known about the most vulnerable children – those who are separated from parents or unaccompanied by a family member– including population size, age/sex distribution, etc. Working with Save the Children-UK and the Child Protection Working Group (a global forum) this study aims to develop better estimations of the numbers of unaccompanied and separated children in emergencies and disasters.

Family Health & Wealth Study

Amy Tsui
This atudy assesses the effect of childbearing patterns on family health and wealth outcomes. It is a Longitudinal study of nearly 5,000 families from 8 periurban communities in Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Malawi Uganda, China and India. There have been two rounds to date: 2010 and 2012. Specific outcomes examined are marital relationship quality, household transitory and permanent wealth, living arrangements, fertility preferences, child nutrition and child schooling.

Maternal Mortality Estimation from Survey Data: Quality Assessment

Saifuddin Ahmed
The study is examining the quality of sibling history data in Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) and its impact on the estimation of maternal mortality. DHS data are the main source of MMR estimation in developing countries, where complete vital registration data are not available.   

Maternal Risks at Birth and Daughters’ Health, Schooling and Work Outcomes

Amy Tsui, Qingfeng Li
A DHS-based cohort analysis of risks at birth and subsequent outcomes in adulthood.

Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 – PMA2020

Scott Radloff
A five-year Gates Foundation funded project that supports rapid-turnaround surveys using mobile devices to monitor progress in family planning access and use, as well as tracking equity and quality dimensions of service delivery. The project employs a network of female resident enumerators, recruited from or near the selected survey clusters, trained to use mobile smart phones to gather survey data, and deployed to conduct multiple rounds of the survey. The project supports surveys in 10 countries. A first survey round has been completed in Ghana, DR Congo, Ethiopia, Uganda, and Kenya. Plans are underway to launch surveys in the coming year in Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Niger, Indonesia, and India.
For more information please visit the PMA2020
page.

Recent Trends in Levels and Causes of Child Mortality in China - A Critical Assessment of the National Disease Surveillance Point Data

Li Liu
This research project aims to derive recent trends in levels and causes of child mortality using National Disease Surveillance Point data while evaluating its usability.

State and County Mortality Trends

Faculty
This study is estimating models of state and county mortality levels over the last 40 years so as to identify the impact of state and local spending by public health departments on population health.

Unmet Need for Contraception

David Bishai
This study plots the percent of women who had sex in the last 4 weeks against the percent with unmet need for contraception from DHS survey data. The relationship is a line of about 45 degrees. That is, for every 5 point reduction in unmet need the percent of women who had sex in the last 4 weeks goes up by 5 points. Further work is in progress.