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Health Policy and Management

What is Health Economics & Outcomes Research?

Health economics and outcomes research is an applied field of study drawing upon two disciplines: economic evaluation and outcomes research. Methods in this field are used to promote the efficient and equitable allocation of healthcare resources in public health.

The discipline of economic evaluation is grounded on seminal theories of health economics that relate the value of healthcare to individuals and society.  Statistical and decision sciences further enable researchers to build upon these theories and model the value of healthcare technologies to individuals and society.  Some examples of this research include the evaluation of the value of new pharmaceuticals to existing therapies, the value of vaccines to society, or the value of a public health campaign to provide safety.

The discipline of outcomes research is grounded on seminal theories of health services that relate the role of healthcare to improving the lives of individuals and society.   These theories enable researchers to identify important clinical, patient, provider outcomes; design measurement techniques to capture different outcomes; and incorporate outcomes measurement into health systems.  Specific examples of this research include assessing the impact of new pharmaceuticals on patient outcomes, how to measure a new approach to healthcare delivery, or how to validate a new patient reported outcomes instrument for a pediatric population.

Faculty of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health are currently conducting research on a wide variety of topics including the impact of health care, health insurance and preventative services on health lifestyles as well as providing research and advice to governments around the globe to enable a more effective and equitable allocation of resources. Further information on faculty research can be found on individual faculty research pages.