The intent of preparing the following set of research syntheses was to provide research information for state and local MCH professionals’ use in their development of state-specific materials for educating elected officials and other policy makers. These syntheses identify the most up-to-date information in the peer reviewed literature on the epidemiology, impacts, interventions and cost consequences of 7 selected health issues/conditions.
Because each state has a unique patient population and distinct program portfolio, the syntheses of research findings were crafted to be used flexibly. We selected conditions/population health problems based on the following considerations:
Conditions/health problems that may resonate with policy makers and general public as having broad impact (cross socio-economic lines)
Topics highlighted in the popular media, etc.
Topics reflecting different components of the lifecourse
Topics reflecting areas where some level of state activity exists.
The set of research syntheses therefore includes material on:
The research syntheses were prepared are based on a systematic extensive review of the peer-reviewed health literature published between 1995 and 2006. Each study cited was critically examined for scientific and methodological soundness by faculty of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Studies were not referenced in the syntheses where research design or results were weak.
States can select examples that best reflect their specific state political and programmatic context, and use a synthesis summary either as a stand alone document or in conjunction with other materials. Each module is organized similarly to include information on epidemiology, treatment and interventions, economic impact, and examples of selected state programs. Text on the epidemiology, impact, interventions, or costs can be used separately; the synthesis need not be used in its entirety. States likely will want to create tailored documents by augmenting or translating the basic national figures with their own data on prevalence, incidence, interventions, or costs/expenditures. Where possible, prevalence and incidence rates and per person costs are provided so that state-specific estimates can be calculated.
The information provided in the set of research syntheses might be helpful in preparing fact sheets, briefing memos, OpEds or Letters to the Editor, or in correspondence to elected officials.
The following acknowledgement of authorship is provided here for those wishing to cite this work:
Grason H, McIntosh J, Wigton A, Frick K, and Guyer B. 2007. Research Findings in Support of State MCH/CSHCN Program Roles: Topic Syntheses. Baltimore, MD; Women’s and Children’s Health Policy Center, Johns Hopkins University.