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Renal Disease Epidemiology

Director: Lawrence Appel, MD, MPH

Renal Disease Epidemiology Training Program

This comprehensive program recruits dedicated, promising investigators and provides them formal and informal training in multidisciplinary research to develop into independent investigators with expertise in renal disease research. The Renal Disease Epidemiology Training Program is funded by a National Research Training Award (T32) from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

The Program is directed by Lawrence Appel, MD, MPH. Michelle M. Estrella, MD, MHS and Alicia Neu, MD, serve as Assistant Directors of the Program. While the Program is headquartered at the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, the Program involves faculty members and fellows from the Department of Medicine (Divisions of Nephrology and General Internal Medicine) at the School of Medicine and from the Department of Epidemiology at the Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Specific Objectives:

  • To obtain in-depth knowledge and skills in one or more of the following, related to renal diseases: epidemiological research, biostatistic methodologies, health information systems, health services research, health disparities research, disease prevention and health promotion
  • To understand key principles in the responsible conduct of research and to conduct research with the highest standards of ethics
  • To apply knowledge in research methodologies in the critical appraisal of published and proposed scientific literature
  • To be able to generate relevant research questions independently and to design and perform a study to address those research questions
  • To establish a focus for future research and scholarship in renal diseases
  •  To develop skills in:
    • writing grants for funding from NIH and other funding agencies
    • submitting research results for presentation at scientific meetings 
    • preparing manuscripts for publication
    • reviewing papers for peer-reviewed journals

To achieve these objectives, fellows supported by the Renal Disease Epidemiology Training Grant will be expected to complete formal coursework and actively participate in several informal training activities. Detailed information regarding these requirements is found on the following pages:


Alcohol Advertising and Youth

  • General Alcohol Advertising and Youth
    Research clearly indicates that, in addition to parents and peers, alcohol advertising and marketing have a significant impact on youth decisions to drink.

  • Alcohol Advertising and Sports TV
    This fact sheet looks at alcohol product advertising on network cable TV, broadcast network TV (national and regional), and broadcast spot TV as reported by TNS Media Intelligence/CMR for 2003. We compare alcohol product advertising with all other television advertising, with other product advertising on sports programming, and with other alcohol product advertising on television.

Underage Drinking

  • Powdered Alcohol
    Public health professionals and state government officials have raised concerns about powdered alcohol.
  • Policy Recommendations
    A number of organizations and government entities have called on the alcohol industry to take a more disciplined approach to its advertising.

  • Prevalence of Underage Drinking
    More youth in the United States drink alcohol than smoke tobacco or marijuana, making it the drug most used by American young people.
  • The Toll of Underage Drinking
    Drunk driving, alcohol dependence, risky sexual behavior and health consequences
  • What Parents Want
    Parents perceive alcohol ads as having an impact on teen drinking habits, and they see alcohol companies as falling far short in dealing responsibly with the impact of their advertising on young people.

Alcohol-Related Harms

Alcohol and Violence
Studies have repeatedly found higher alcohol outlet density is associated with higher levels of violence.

Drinking and Risky Sexual Behavior
Underage youth who drink alcohol are more likely to experience consequences related to risky sexual behavior.

National Prevention Strategy, 2011

Excerpts from The National Prevention Strategy


Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking, 2007

Excerpts from The Surgeon General's Call to Action To Prevent and Reduce Underage Drinking


Institute of Medicine Report, 2003