(Type 1) Assist families with parenting and child-rearing skills, understanding child and adolescent development, and setting home conditions that support children as students at each age and grade level. Assist schools in understanding families.
(Type 2) Communicate with families about school programs and student progress through effective school-to-home and home-to-school communications.
(Type 3) Improve recruitment, training, work, and schedules to involve families as volunteers and audiences at the school or in other locations to support students and school programs.
(Type 4) Involve families with their children in learning activities at home, including homework and other curriculum-related activities and decisions.
(Type 5) Include families as participants in school decisions, governance, and advocacy through PTA/PTO, school councils, committees, action teams, and other parent organizations.
(Type 6) Coordinate community resources and services for students, families, and the school with businesses, agencies, and other groups, and provide services to the community.
*Epstein, J., Sanders, M., Simon, B., Salinas, K., Jansorn, N., & Van Voorhis, F. (2002). School, Family, and Community Partnerships: Your Handbook for Action, Second Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.