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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) congratulates our senior technical advisor, Professor David Bishai, MD, MPH, PhD on his recent election to President of International Health Economics Association (iHEA). The iHEA was formed to increase communication among health economists, foster a higher standard of debate in the application of economics to health and health care systems, and assist young researchers at the start of their careers.

Dr. David Bishai

According to Dr. Bishai, the “iHEA congresses have always covered some topics in the economics of injury control.  At our next meeting in Boston in 2017 we have a chance to bring this up again because the theme will be “Revolutions in Health”. 

Dr. Bishai, who holds a primary appointment in the Department of Population, Family and Reproductive Health, works closely with JH-IIRU on our projects, specifically, The Johns Hopkins – Makerere University Chronic Consequences of Trauma, Injuries and Disability (JHU-MU Chronic-TRIAD) and The Saving of Lives from Drowning, Bangladesh (SoLiD).  He is an integral part of the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program and Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety teams.

On his election to iHEA, Dr. Bishai said, “I ran on a campaign focused on increasing iHEA’s service to members outside of US and Europe.  We need to focus on how to help our members do their work in research and teaching health economics.”

Dr. Bishai uses economics to study populations, families, and the ways in which various public health interventions, especially immunization and injury control, affect population health. His current projects focus on the connection between the operations at state and local health departments and improved population health. In additional to his work with JH-IIRU, he conducts work in China, Qatar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia and Egypt.

He teaches Introduction to Health Economics; Poverty Economic Development; and Health, Systems Thinking in Public Health at the Bloomberg School. His current projects focus on the connection between the operations at national, state and local health departments and improved population health

Most recently, Dr. Bishai was honored with a Golden Apple Award for Teaching, 2015 and is President-Elect of the Bloomberg School Faculty Senate.

Please join us in congratulating Dr. Bishai on this well-deserved distinction. 

On November 4-6, 2015, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) team members Kunle Alonge, assistant scientist and Shirin Wadhwaniya, sr. research program coordinator, participated in the World Conference on Drowning Prevention, held in Penang, Malaysia.

H-IIRU presented the work we are doing on the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) Project in Bangladesh. Our team was joined by collaborators on the project, the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) and the Centre for Injury Prevention and Research, Bangladesh (CIPRB).The presentations included,  “Application of implementation research methods to drowning prevention in Bangladesh: An innovative trial in injury prevention research,” from Dr. Alonge, as well as an update on the “Anchal” model for childhood drowning from Dr. Aminur Rahman, CIPRB and a discussion on integrating childhood drowning prevention programs into child health programs in Bangladesh, from Dr. DM Emdadul Hoque, icddr,b.

World Conference on Drowning Presenters
Members of icddr,b, JH-IIRU and CIPRB
Kunle Alonge at WCDP 2015
Dr. Kunle Alonge from JH-IIRU presents

The Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) Program, Bangladesh is one of the largest implementation research studies on drowning in low- and middle-income countries. SoLiD project is testing the effectiveness of two interventions to prevent and reduce the burden of childhood drowning in Bangladesh, playpens and enrollment in community daycare centers (sometimes referred to as “crèches” or “anchals”), along with family education and community awareness on drowning prevention.

 

To learn more, click here

As part of the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health funded program, Johns Hopkins University-Makerere University Chronic Consequences of Trauma, Injuries and Disability in Uganda (JHU-MU Chronic TRIAD), the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit supports three cohorts on long-term trainees.

Recently, three fellows from our second cohort successfully defended their TRIAD-related dissertations. All three fellows are expected to graduate their MPH program at Makerere University School of Public Health (MUSPH) in Uganda in January 2016.

The JHU-MU Chronic TRIAD program aims to strengthen research capacity on the long-term health and economic consequences of trauma, injuries and disability across the lifespan in Uganda through an innovative model of sustainable capacity development.

By addressing chronic consequences of trauma, injuries and disability in Uganda, we aim to 1) develop a core group of researchers at MUSPH through a variety of training activities; 2) promote research around key national priorities and themes that include the establishment and use of national databases relevant to injury, trauma and disability, development and evaluation of community-based interventions, and exploration of the social and economic costs; 3) establish a national forum for an annual research-to-policy dialogue; and 4) create a center for MUSPH research that enhances the sustainability of our efforts through activities that include increasing capacity for research management, research ethics coordination, proposal development, and producing continuing education materials.

The program is based on the close partnership between Johns Hopkins and Makerere University School of Public Health, two academic institutions with a strong commitment to understanding the long-term impact of trauma and injuries, experience in research, and a history of collaborative work. Our model will use JHU's expertise to strengthen the Ugandan institution, promote a sustainable research enterprise focused on the chronic consequences of trauma, injuries, and disability, and enable national dissemination of research evidence to influence policy in Uganda.

Below are the fellows and their dissertation titles:

Damalie Nsange
Damalie Nsangi
“School attendance of 6-18 year old children with physical disability in the Iganga-Mayuge Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Uganda”

Barbara Abindabyuamu
Barbara Abindabyuamu
“Emergency department waiting time and its terminates at Mulago National Referral Hospital”

Esther Bayiga
Esther Bayiga
“Pre-hospital care time intervals among victims of road traffic injures in Kampala, Uganda: a cross-sectional study”.

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit is profiled in the Fall 2015 issue of Johns Hopkins Public Health Magazine, along with fellow road safety colleagues, including The Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) and in-country collaborators like the Hanoi School of Public Health.

In “Crossing to Safety,” writer Cathy Shufro traveled to Vietnam to talk to those directly affected by road traffic crashes, and in doing so, puts a human face on the epidemic that kills more than 1.2 million people every year. 100,000 people die in road traffic collisions every month.

JH-IIRU director, Dr. Adnan Hyder, credits the publication of the first Global Status Report on Road Safety in 2009 by the World Health Organization, for really bringing the “concrete numbers” of road traffic fatalities into the worldwide spotlight. Those numbers caught the attention of Michael Bloomberg, whose Philanthropies have so far funded two multi-million dollar projects, the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program, which concluded in December 2014, and the recently-launched Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety.

JH-IIRU is dedicated to reducing rates of road traffic injuries around the world and working with Bloomberg Philanthropies and other partners to evaluate and implement road safety solutions where they are needed most.

Mumbia India
Data collection site in Mumbai, India

The goal of the Road Safety Program is to save lives by providing evidence for stronger road safety interventions around the world.  It is equally important to increase awareness, with the help of stories like those in “Crossing to Safety,” of the devastating impact of road traffic injuries. 

To read the entire article, click here.

On October 20-21, 2015, members of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) traveled to London to join Bloomberg Philanthropies for a partner meeting for the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS), a five-year, $125 million effort to reduce injuries and fatalities caused by road traffic accidents 10 ten cities around the world. JH-IIRU will conduct direct observations of road safety activities – helmet and seatbelt wearing, speeding and drinking and driving – during the course of the project.

After a welcome and introduction by Kelly Henning and Kelly Larson from Bloomberg Philanthropies, the group discussed highlights of the first few months of the program before moving on to talk about priority-setting and opportunities.

During this time, JH-IIRU team members, including director, Adnan Hyder, associate directors, Abdul Bachani and Kent Stevens, and assistant scientists, Qingfeng Li, Shivam Gupta, Katharine Allen and Connie Hoe presented updates on the unit’s work in the target cities. To date, JH-IIRU has data collection either completed or in-progress in all 10 target cities. The unit’s next steps will include completing baseline data collection and analysis for all 10 cities; disseminating results to partners; preparing for the second round of data collection; and beginning secondary data analysis.

Adnan Hyder in London
JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder presents updates on the Initiative for Global Road Safety

Collaborators from the World Health Organization (WHO) discussed findings from the recently- released  Global Status Report for Road Safety 2015, (WHO), a BIGRS collaborating partner, was discussed, as well as updates from the legislative component of the project.

The two-day meeting concluded with a session focused on strategy and next steps for the project, led by Union North America, another collaborating partner.

To find out more about JH-IIRU’s road safety work, click here and here

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