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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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On January 15, 2016, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) hosted visitors from the Department of Civil Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT Bombay).

Dr. P Vedagiri, associate professor and Dr. KV Krishna Rao, professor and chair were in the Baltimore area to participate in the annual Transportation Research Board meeting in Washington, DC.  

While here, Drs. Vegagiri and Rao met with JH-IIRU team members, including director, Adnan Hyder, associate director, Abdul Bachani as well as faculty members and staff to discuss the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS), for which Dr. Vedagiri is a collaborator.

The group also learned of several other projects the Department of Civil Engineering is working on, including a road safety audit for the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) and driver behaviors studies which employ a driving simulator.

Faculty from IIT Bombay
(L to R) Drs Vedagiri and Rao from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay

IIT Bombay is a public engineering institution located in Powai, Mumbai, India and ranked as India’s top university. The university offers doctoral degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics.

The Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety is a five-year, $125 million effort to reduce the burden of global road traffic injuries and fatalities. The project is focusing on 10 cities in nine low- and middle-income countries. Program partners are supporting cities to strengthen and implement proven solutions through key road safety interventions like helmet and seatbelt wearing and speed and drunk driving reduction. Learn more here

On January 6, 2016, Dr. Adnan Hyder, director, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU), traveled to Cairo, Egypt to participate in the two-day Expert Consultation on Road Safety in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR), hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO). The purpose of the meeting was to bring together regional and global road safety experts to discuss not only the current status of global road safety knowledge, but the key issues concerning the gap between commitment and action.

While the road traffic fatalities in the region appear to have decreased from 21.3 in 2010 to 19.9 per 100 000 population in 2013, according to the WHO’s Global status report on road safety 2015, the rate is still higher than the global rate of 17.5 per 100 000 population, and still puts the region second after the African Region (26.6 per 100 000 population).

Dr. Hyder led the discussion on the burden and risk factors of road traffic injuries in the EMR as well as a discussion on the approaches to developing tools and implementing interventions to address road traffic injuries in the region.

Adnan Hyder in Cairo
Dr. Adnan Hyder, director, Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

The meeting goals included providing guidance on key areas of interventions, suggested intervention packages for the EMR countries and discussions on implementation of those packages.

Dr. Hyder was joined by Dr. Etienne Krug, Director, Department for Management of Noncommunicable Diseases, Disability, Violence and Injury Prevention, WHO, and Dr. Hala Sakr, Technical Officer, Violence, Injuries and Disabilities, WHO EMRO, among others. 

Learn more about JH-IIRU's road safety work here and here.

As part of the Johns Hopkins-Pakistan Fogarty International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training (ICTIRT) program, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) hosted three fellows during the second academic term. The fellows are from the Masters of Health Policy and Management program of the Aga Khan University. During their stay, the three fellows, Attaullah Baig, Naveed Ahmed and Haris Ahmad, took courses, attended the Health Systems seminars, met with academic mentors and participated in site visits to PAHO, the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health, as well as the Johns Hopkins Department of Emergency Medicine, among others. Their time here culminated with a presentation of their theses.

Attaullah Baig presenting his thesis
Attaullah Baig presents on harm reduction and HIV in injecting drug users in Pakistan.
Haris Ahmad presenting his thesis
Haris Ahmad presents on needle stick safety and injury prevention in South Asia
Naveed Ahmed presenting thesis
Naveed Ahmed presents on disability services and injury outcomes .

The long-range vision of the JHU-Pakistan ICTIRT is to build human resources, research infrastructure and appropriate polices for acute care and prevention and control of injuries and trauma in Pakistan and to serve not only the country, but also the South Asian region and the Middle East as well. The core objective of the program is to build a strong network of professionals and help develop sustainable research capacity on acute care of trauma and injuries and emergency medicine in Pakistan.

The JHU-Pakistan ICTIRT Program, is a partnership between the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (USA) and the Aga Khan University (Pakistan), and supported by a grant from the John E. Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes for Health, Department of Health and Human Services. The Fogarty Center's mission is to address the growing burden of morbidity and mortality in the developing world due to trauma and injury.

Recently Dr. Nino Paichadze was promoted to a Research Associate position in the Health Systems Program, Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.  

Dr. Paichadze received her medical degree from Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia. Her diverse academic and professional experience encompasses medicine, business and public health. A medical doctor and internist with a subspecialty in endocrinology, she also has a pre-MBA training and more than five years of experience in project management at a medical products and services firm. Dr. Paichadze likewise holds an MPH degree in health leadership and management from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Nino Paichadze

Prior to this, Dr. Paichadze was a postdoctoral fellow in the Health Systems Program. Her public health work has been focused on injury prevention and health systems strengthening in low- and middle-income countries. She has also provided technical support to various training and capacity development activities in the Health Systems Program. 

On November 18-19, 2015, members of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) traveled to Brasilia, Brazil for the Second Global High-Level Conference on Road Safety. The conference, hosted by the Government of Brazil and supported by the World Health Organization, hosted researchers, organization, governmental organizations, including high-level ministers from nearly every country of the world to discuss global road safety.

Adnan Hyder road safety conference Brasilia

JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, assistant scientists Katharine Allen and Connie Hoe and research associate, Nino Paichadze were on hand to participate in the conference.

Drs. Allen and Hoe arrived early to present on real-world evaluations for road safety a pre-conference meeting held by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) at the organization’s headquarters in Brasilia, while Dr. Hyder hosted the parallel session, “Monitoring and Evaluation of Road Safety at National and International Levels.”  The session was designed to discuss the importance of early integration of monitoring and evaluation in road safety programs.

In addition, the participants reviewed the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020 and worked to define next steps at both the global and national levels in order to achieve the Decade’s intended goal: Saving 5 million lives.

The goal of the conference was to share knowledge and spur action on what works to prevent road traffic injuries and fatalities and improve safety. 

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