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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Recently, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) was awarded a five-year grant on injury training in Vietnam from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The grant will build on existing work between Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH), USA and Hanoi School of Public Health (HSPH), Vietnam – each with a great commitment to understanding the public health impact of trauma and injuries, experience and expertise in research, and a history of collaborative work. 

The D43 grant was awarded to JH-IIRU associate director, Dr. Abdulgafoor Bachani and JH-IIRU director, Dr. Adnan Hyder, who will serve as the principal investigators of this training program. Dr. Cuong Pham, director of the Center for Injury Policy and Prevention Research (CIPPR) at HSPH, will serve as the senior foreign investigator and co-investigator. 

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), over 5 million people die globally each year from trauma, injuries and violence; with a disproportionate burden in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). In Vietnam as well as the Southeast Asia region, local capacity for research on trauma and injuries is lacking. The absence of comprehensive training programs in the science of trauma and injury prevention and the lifelong social and economic impact within the larger public health sector in Vietnam is a serious impediment to analytic work in this field. In addition, the lack of objective national data on the health of individuals, the socio-economic welfare of households, and the Vietnamese society does not allow the magnitude of the burden to be appreciated. 

The grant will address both of these barriers through a collaborative program which will train human resources in Vietnam to generate the data and apply it for concerted action to reduce the growing burden of trauma and injuries. 

The overall goal of the Johns Hopkins University-Hanoi School of Public Health Trauma and Injury Research Program in Vietnam (JHU-Hanoi TRIP) is to strengthen research capacity on injury and trauma in Vietnam, as well as their long term health, economic and societal consequences through an innovative model of sustainable capacity development. The objectives of the Johns Hopkins University-Hanoi School of Public Health Trauma and Injury Research Program in Vietnam include: to implement a capacity development model to address a major gap in injury and trauma research, a leading health burden in Vietnam and establish mechanisms to ensure long term sustainability for a strong research enterprise in Vietnam; to use the expertise developed at HSPH in teaching public health to strengthen research capacity in Southeast Asia; and to further strengthen the existing injury center at HSPH to support such research.

To read more, please click here.

Vietnam Collaborators

JH-IIRU faculty visit collaborators at Hanoi University of Public Health

Recently, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) was awarded a D43 grant on trauma and injury research training in Afghanistan and Pakistan from the Fogarty International Center of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The grant will build on previous Johns Hopkins-Pakistan International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training (JHU-Pak-ICTIRT) programs running since 2005. The purpose of these previous grants was to develop trauma and injury research capacity at Aga Khan University (AKU) and then Khyber Medical University (KMU) in Pakistan through a combination of strategies. The focus was on injury research training through long-term (master’s) and short-term (workshops) training at AKU.  

The Johns Hopkins-Afghanistan-Pakistan International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program (JHU-AfPak ICTIRT) will be based on a partnership of institutions – JHU, AKU, and Aga Khan University Programs in Afghanistan (AKU-PA) – each with a great commitment to trauma and injury research.

The five-year grant is led by three principal investigators – Professors Adnan Hyder (director JH-IIRU), and Junaid Razzak (emergency medicine at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and senior technical advisor of JH-IIRU) from USA and Dr. Nadeem Ullah Khan (Associate Professor Emergency Medicine at AKU). Dr. Parvez Nayani (director of Academic Projects Afghanistan at AKU) will serve as the senior foreign investigator.

The grant will focus on using US expertise to further strengthen Pakistani institutions for doctoral training, enhance injury research capacity in Afghanistan, promote a sustainable research enterprise in western Asia, and enable regional dissemination of research evidence to influence policy and investments in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The main objectives of the Johns Hopkins-Afghanistan-Pakistan International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program (JHU-AfPak ICTIRT) include: the development of a core group of researchers focused on trauma and injuries for Afghanistan; to help develop doctoral training programs in injury research; and to promote research around key regional priorities for trauma and injuries.

For more information, please click here.

JH-IIRU Director meets with Dean of AKU
JH-IIRU director, Dr. Adnan Hyder, meets with Dean Abbas at AKU

In June, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) welcomed three fellows from the NIH-Fogarty International Center-funded Johns Hopkins University-Makerere University Chronic Consequences of Trauma, Injuries and Disability in Uganda (JHU-MU Chronic TRIAD) program. During their visit, the fellows met with JH-IIRU faculty, took courses, worked with academic mentors on their MPH thesis proposals and participated in a site visit to the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health in Washington, DC. As part of their visit, on Friday, July 15, the three trainees presented their MPH thesis proposals.

Rebecca Nuwematsiko presented, “Injury patterns and risk factors among motorcycle passengers at Mulago Hospital-A cross sectional study.” Rebecca’s mentor was Assistant Scientist, Dr. Amber Mehmood.

Swaibu Zziwa presented, “Factors influencing utilization of physical rehabilitation services among injured patients in Mulago Hospital.” Swaibu’s mentor was Assistant Professor, Dr. Jacob Bentley.

Frederick Oporia presented, “Child safety in cars: Child restraint use and associated factors in Kampala, Uganda.” Frederick’s mentor was Assistant Scientist, Dr. Qingfeng Li.

The JHU-MU Chronic TRIAD program aims to strengthen research capacity on the long-term health and economic consequences of trauma, injuries and disability across the lifespan in Uganda through an innovative model of sustainable capacity development. Learn more about the program here.

Rebecca Nuwematsiko, Chronic TRIAD fellow, presents her thesis proposal

Rebecca Nuwematsiko, Chronic TRIAD fellow, presents her thesis proposal

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit was recently awarded a five-year training grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study trauma, injuries and disabilities in Uganda. The Johns Hopkins – Makerere University Chronic Consequences of Trauma, Injuries and Disability (JHU-MU Chronic-TRIAD) award will allow researchers from the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) to strengthen research capacity on the long-term health and economic consequences of trauma, injuries and disability across the lifespan in Uganda.

JH-IIRU director, Adnan A. Hyder, will lead a team that includes faculty and researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine and Makerere University School of Public Health in Uganda. Dr. Olive Kobusingye, a well-known expert in trauma and injury prevention in Africa and developing nations, will lead the project for Makerere University.The team will develop a collaborative program that will train a core group of researchers in Uganda to generate relevant data and apply it for promotion of key national priorities to reduce the growing chronic burden of disability from trauma and injuries across the lifespan.  In addition the team will also establish a sustainable training program that will provide a home for faculty across Makerere University, and develop an annual forum in collaboration with the Ugandan Ministry of Health for research-to-policy dialogue on the chronic consequences of trauma, injuries and disabilities.

To read more about this new grant, visit the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health news page:
http://www.jhsph.edu/news/news-releases/2012/hyder_trauma_research.html

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