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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Keyword: kent stevens

Burns are the source of a significant number of pediatric injuries, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Within developing countries—where 90% of pediatric burn injuries occur—the WHO-defined African region has the highest rate of pediatric burn-related deaths. In the upper-middle income country South Africa, the rate is five-times higher than other upper-middle income countries, with a rate of burns at 2.8 per 100,000 children. The lack of data available on pediatric burns in LMICs, however, is a significant hindrance in efforts to address this burden.

Recently, members of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU), including associate directors Abdulgafoor Bachani and Kent Stevens published study in Injury that examined the trends in injuries over a 15-year period in Cape Town, South Africa.

The study, led by JH-IIRU post-doctoral fellow Hadley K H Wesson, used data collected by Childsafe South Africa from the Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital (RCH) trauma registry in Cape Town between 1995-2009. The data focused on children under the age of 13 who presented in the hospital’s casualty department with burn injuries.

Among the team’s findings, results suggested that attention should be placed on male children under five with scald burns received in the home environment. The significance of this study lies in the ability to use data to support additional studies, inform policy and implement targeted interventions to reduce the burden on childhood burn injuries globally.

“Pediatric Burn Injuries in South Africa: A 15-Year Analysis of Hospital Data,” will appear in the upcoming issue of Injury. More information is available here:  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020138312005566

Unintentional injuries are a major cause of death and disability worldwide, especially among children. Each year, more than 875,000 children die from preventable injuries, with millions more injured or permanently disabled.  These injuries disproportionately affect children in low- and middle-income countries.  While significant progress has been made over the last several decades to understand the epidemiology of injuries in children, implementing effective solutions remains a global challenge.

Recently, members of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU), along with colleagues from the World Health Organization (WHO), published a study that estimates between 8,000 and 80,000 lives could potentially be saved each year if certain injury prevention interventions are implemented.

In “Saving 1000 Children a Day: The Potential of Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention,” published in the International Journal of Child and Adolescent Health, JH-IIRU faculty members worked with colleagues in the WHO’s Department of Violence and Injury Prevention and Disability to estimate the total number of children’s lives that could be potentially saved worldwide through the implementation of interventions that have been shown to be effective.

The results of the team’s extensive literature review and analysis of existing interventions suggests that there might be tremendous benefits—up to 1000 children per day—that may be realized through enhanced coverage of existing interventions which have already been tried and tested.

To find out more about this paper, visithttps://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=39624

To learn more about JH-IIRU, please contact us at IIRU@jhsph.edu.

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The JH-IIRU team recently returned from a busy week at Safety 2012, the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in New Zealand, and by all accounts, it was a rousing success.

From their involvement in pre-conference meetings to the numerous posters and presentations, the team, which included JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, associate directors Abdulgafoor M. Bachani and Kent Stevens, and research program coordinator, Jeffrey Lunnen, participated in nearly every aspect of the conference.

In total, the JH-IIRU team was well-represented with more than 20 abstracts accepted for oral and poster presentations, including JH-IIRU research program coordinator, Jeffrey C. Lunnen’s presentation on road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Guyana. Mr. Lunnen also participated in Distracted Driving: Mobile Phone Use While Driving in Three Mexican Cities presentation with colleagues from the Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica (INSP) during the Transport, Distraction and Fatigue session.

Lunnen_NZ

JH-IIRU research program coordinator, Jeffrey C. Lunnen, giving his oral presentation on RTIs in Guyana.

The unit’s monitoring and evaluation efforts with the Road Safety in 10 Countries (RS-10) project was featured prominently during the conference. Dr. Bachani’s session on the first two years of the project, which was chaired by Dr. Etienne Krug of the World Health Organization (WHO), was attended by more than 100 conference participants. Dr. Manjul Joshipura from WHO and Dr. Ian Hughes, from the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) presented findings as well.

Abdul_NZ

JH-IIRU associate director, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani presenting data during the workshop, “Evaluating Road Safety Interventions: Lessons Learnt from the First Two Years of A Multi-Country Approach”

Dr. Stevens led a well-attended workshop on trauma care in low- and middle-income countries, which also included presentations from Dr. Joshipura and Dr. Junaid Razzak from Aga Khan University.

Stevens+NZ

JH-IIRU associate director, Kent Stevens leading the workshop “Developing, Implementing and Evaluating Trauma Care Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries”

JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, was busy as well. In addition to being a keynote speaker, Dr. Hyder chaired several sessions, including one on transportation, legislation and policy, which included a presentation by Dr. Bachani.

Hyder_NZ

JH-IIRU Director, Adnan A. Hyder, chairing the concurrent session on Transportation, Legislation and Policy.

Additionally, Dr. Amber Mehmood, a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health postdoctoral fellow working on trauma care for the JHU-Pakistan Fogarty International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program (JHU-Pakistan ICTIRT), was awarded best presentation for her abstract, Pilot Testing of Trauma Registry in a Single Tertiary Care Hospital of Pakistan: Results from Initial Data Analysis.

Mehmood_NZ

Amber Mehmood receiving her award for best presentation.

Overall, the JH-IIRU team felt the conference was informative and worthwhile, with an impressive interest in the unit’s injury prevention work.

Safety 2012 World Conference on Injury Prevention is a biennial meeting that brings together world leaders in scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

Additional information on abstracts will be available here:

http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/18/Suppl_1.cover-expansion

For more information about the International Injury Research Unit, please contact IIRU@jhsph.edu.

This week marks the opening of Safety 2012, the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in New Zealand, but JH-IIRU team members have been busy participating in several pre-conference meetings.

On September 29, JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, participated in a workshop aimed at training journalists in health and scientific reporting. Organized by the World Health Organization (WHO), the panel discussion Dr. Hyder participated in --along with Etienne Krug from WHO--focused mainly on the use of data in reporting and the challenges this presents to journalists.

Dr. Hyder also participated in the Safekids Global Summit on September 30th, where he presented on the critical role of utilizing data to address childhood unintentional injuries.??

On October 1, JH-IIRU associate director, Kent Stevens, presented a session at the Road Traffic Injuries Research Network (RTIRN) Regional Workshop on trauma care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and Dr. Hyder, presented on capacity development for RTIs.

There’s more to come from the conference, so make sure to follow us on Facebook and Twitterto keep up with the latest JH-IIRU news out of New Zealand this week!

Safety 2012 World Conference on Injury Prevention is a biennial meeting that brings together world leaders in scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

JH-IIRU team members, including director Adnan Hyder, associate directors Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, Kent Stevens, Leon Robertson Faculty Development Chair Kavi Bhalla and research program coordinator Jeffrey Lunnen, will be traveling to New Zealand for the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion.  This biennial meeting will bring together the leading scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

The JH-IIRU team will be busy this year, both before and during the conference. JH-IIRU had more than 20 abstracts accepted, for oral and poster presentations, and Drs. Bachani and Stevens will host workshops, one on evaluating road safety interventions and the other on trauma care systems in low- and middle-income countries, respectively. 

In addition, our colleagues at the Road Traffic Injury Research Network (RTIRN) will be hosting a workshop on road safety interventions from September 30th – October 1. For additional information, click here:
http://www.conference.co.nz/files/docs/safety12/rtirn/rtirn%20flyer.pdf

Check in with the team on Facebook (
https://www.facebook.com/JohnsHopkinsInternationalInjuryResearchUnit) and Twitter (https://twitter.com/HopkinsINJURIES) this week for updates and news from the conference.

For more information on sessions, click here:

For more information about the International Injury Research Unit, please contact IIRU@jhsph.edu.

For more information about Safety 2012, please visit the conference website
http://www.conference.co.nz/worldsafety2012

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