Skip Navigation

Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

Bookmark and Share

News

Keyword: cambodia

The World Health Organization estimates that road traffic injuries (RTIs) account for approximately 1.2 million deaths annually around the globe, with the majority occurring in low- and middle-income countries. In countries like Cambodia, motorcycles are a common form of transportation. Motorcycle crashes are also the leading source of road traffic fatalities in the country.. However, helmet use in Cambodia remains relatively low, despite the fact that helmet-wearing is a proven injury prevention intervention.

In order to better understand the traffic safety culture in Cambodia, a group of researchers, including JH-IIRU associate director, Abdulgafoor Bachani, recently examined driver and passenger knowledge, attitude and beliefs regarding motorcycle helmets.

Several key findings from the study helped identify barriers to helmet-wearing, including gaps in road safety knowledge and ways to communicate the road safety message more effectively. For example, the study found that there is a need to increase the availability of high-quality, low cost helmets for children, while at the same time addressing the prevailing attitude that children are “too young” to need a helmet. The study also found that many motorcyclists believe helmets are only necessary when driving on highways or high speed motorways.

Results of this study were instrumental in informing the Cambodian Helmet Vaccine Initiative (CHVI) which was established by the Asia Injury Prevention Foundation with support from the FIA Foundation as well as the World Bank, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and others.

“Motorcycle Helmet Attitudes, Behaviours and Beliefs Among Cambodians” appears in the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion.

To read more, click here: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17457300.2012.759594?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3dpubmed#.UchKzzvVBBM

The World Health Organization estimates that road traffic injuries (RTIs) account for approximately 1.2 million deaths annually around the globe, with the majority occurring in low- and middle-income countries. In countries like Cambodia, motorcycles are a common form of transportation, and their popularity is predicted to increase.

Head injuries are a main cause of disability and death in motorcycle crashes, but helmet use in Cambodia remains relatively low, despite the fact that helmet-wearing is a proven injury prevention intervention .
 
In order to assist with better planning and implementation of injury prevention strategies, JH-IIRU team members, including Associate Director Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, along with colleagues from Handicap International, Belgium and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published, “Helmet Use Among Motorcyclists in Cambodia: A Survey of Use, Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices.” The goal of the study was to assess the current status of helmet use in five districts in Cambodia as well as knowledge, attitudes and practices related to helmet use. 

As part of the Road Safety in 10 Countries project (RS-10), in 2012, JH-IIRU published “Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries: An Assessment from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” a special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention. This landmark publication includes 11 scientific papers jointly authored with 50 colleagues from JH-IIRU and their in-country collaborators that contribute much-needed new knowledge to the burgeoning issue of road traffic injuries in low- and middle- income countries.

You can access the full article along with the entire special issue here.

To find out more about JH-IIRU and road safety, contact us at
IIRU@JHSPH.edu

As part of the Road Safety in 10 Countries project (RS-10), the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) has been tasked with training and capacity development of local personnel in each of the ten countries. To that end, members of the JH-IIRU team, including associate directors Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, PhD, MHS and Aruna Chandran, MD, MPH, will host the “National Workshop on Evaluation Methods for Road Safety” in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.  This workshop, held from March 21-23, 2012, will provide an overview of monitoring and evaluation for national road safety programs, including evaluation designs for road safety and data collection options.  The workshop will be attended by Drs. Pham V Cuong and La Ngoc Quang, faculty from the Hanoi School of Public Health and Dr. Ricardo Pérez Núñez from the National Institute of Public Health, Mexico (Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública). Additionally, representatives from the National and Provincial Road Safety Committees in Cambodia, local NGOs, researchers, and others will be in attendance.

These skill- and knowledge-based on-site workshops for in-country collaborators, partners and researchers are part of the three-pronged capacity development strategy, which also includes training  and  mentoring  during  the  course  of  monitoring  and  evaluation (M&E) work in each of the countries (learning by doing); and development and offering of courses on public health methods for road safety.

Several targeted workshops have been conducted in each of the ten countries and have been tailored to meet local needs. In the first two years of the RS-10 project, more than 250 individuals across the 10 countries have been trained through these workshops.      
For more information on the Road Safety in 10 Countries project, which is funded with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies, contact us at
IIRU@jhsph.edu, or visit our website: http://www.jhsph.edu/iiru/rs10.html 

©, Johns Hopkins University. All rights reserved.
Web policies, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205