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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Keyword: bloomberg philanthropies

On October 31-November 11, 2016, 59 participants from 15 different countries traveled to Baltimore, Maryland to attend the first Global Road Safety Leadership Course (GRSLC). The course is jointly offered by Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) and the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP), with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies.

During the first week of the two-week training program, participants attended a variety of sessions including: behavioral risk factors, systems thinking, sustainable transport, urban design in road safety, and policy and legislation. Participants also had the opportunity to get to know each other better during a cultural night at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, where faculty, staff and participants had a wonderful evening sharing performances representing the 15 countries.

On November 5, the participants traveled to New York City to visit Bloomberg Philanthropies. The participants learned about designing safer, more sustainable streets and data driven solutions for road safety. The trip concluded with a walking tour around New York City to see road safety in action.

GRSLC visits Bloomberg Philanthropies

GRSLC participants visit Bloomberg Philanthropies (Photo courtesy of Bloomberg Philanthropies)

During the second week of the two-week training program, participants attended a variety of sessions including: data sources for road traffic crashes, injuries and fatalities, economics for road safety, financing and funding for road safety, and introduction to advocacy. On November 9, participants traveled to Washington, DC to visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). 

On November 11, the participants presented outcomes from their group projects. In the evening, participants traveled to the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health for a certificate ceremony and reception. The ceremony and reception were attended by the Dean of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Michael J. Klag; Department of International Health Chair, David Peters; and Kelly Larson of Bloomberg Philanthropies. 

For more information on the course, please click here.

GRSLC Certificate Ceremony

GRSLC participants with Kelly Larson of Bloomberg Philanthropies 

On July 27-29, 2016, members of the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) team, including Director Dr. Adnan Hyder, Associate Director Dr. Abdul Bachani, and Assistant Scientists, Drs. Katharine Allen, Qingfeng Le, Shivam Gupta and Connie Hoe traveled to Bangkok, Thailand to participate in a two-day global road safety experts meeting hosted by Bloomberg Philanthropies. The meeting convened 125 road safety experts from 15 countries, including government officials, law enforcement professionals and others.

The objective of the conference was to address strategies to reduce road fatalities and injuries as part of the Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety (BIGRS). The meeting provided a host of workshops designed to establish and promote road injury prevention strategies. Additionally, training sessions were held that focused on law enforcement, communications to inform the public on safety, safer mobility and safer streets.

At the meeting, Dr. Hyder presented observational data collected by JH-IIRU for BIGRS which includes over 2.4 million road safety data points.

Bangkok Meeting

JH-IIRU meets with GRSP 

In addition, JH-IIRU and the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) had the opportunity to present a preview of the new “Global Road Safety Leadership Course” (GRSLC). The course is going to be jointly offered by JH-IIRU and GRSP with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies this fall (Oct-Nov 2016). This two-week training program aims at building leadership capacity to design, advocate for, and implement effective road safety programs and policies.

Learn more about the meeting here.

 Bangkok 2

 JH-IIRU & GRSP present a preview of the GRSLC  

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) and the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP), with support from Bloomberg Philanthropies, are delighted to jointly offer the new “Global Road Safety Leadership Course” (GRSLC). The two-week training program will take place this fall (Oct-Nov 2016) in Baltimore, Maryland. The course aims at building leadership capacity to design, advocate for, and implement effective road safety programs and policies. The GRSLC will include, among others, modules on the following topics:

  • Road safety management
  • Safer roads and mobility
  • Safer vehicles
  • Safer road users
  • Post-crash response
  • Advocating for road safety policy passage and implementation

There will be over 60 course participants from more than 15 different countries. In addition to their coursework, the participants will travel to New York City to visit Bloomberg Philanthropies, and Washington D.C. to visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA).

Key features of this program will include:

  • Active engagement among a wide variety of international participants from different settings and backgrounds, including government and civil society
  • Delivery of the program through a diverse, experienced international faculty who aim to challenge and inspire participants
  • Thematic emphasis on leadership across a range of road safety issues, irrespective of participants’ positions in their organizations
  • Certification from a leading university and global road safety set of partners

The goal of the course is to enhance effective leadership capacity to optimally address road safety in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in order to reduce deaths and serious injuries around the world. 

Every day, more than 32 children between the ages of 1-4 die in Bangladesh due to drowning. That's more than 12,000 children a year. In fact, while the mortality rates of childhood diseases like diarrhea or malaria have decreased, in large part due to disease prevention and nutritional interventions, the rate of child drowning has increased, especially in low-income countries like Bangladesh, because there has not been a similar investment in prevention. It's not surprising, then, that drowning is the leading cause of death for this age group in the country. But drowning, like most unintentional injuries, is a preventable cause of death.

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) is committed to reducing the burden of child injuries around the world. That's why, on February 27, 2014, JH-IIRU joined Bloomberg Philanthropies in Dhaka, Bangladesh, to launch the Drowning Prevention Project, a $10 million initiative aimed at identifying scalable drowning interventions in this low-lying South Asian country.

As part of this project, JH-IIRU will work in collaboration with the International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) and the Center for Injury Prevention and Research Bangladesh (CIPRB), to initiate the Saving of Lives from Drowning (SoLiD) in Bangladesh. SoLiD is an implementation study that has been established to test the effectiveness of two interventions to prevent and reduce the burden of childhood drowning in Bangladesh. The interventions will be implemented along with family education and community awareness on drowning prevention.

Adnan A. Hyder, MD, MPH, PhD, director of JH-IIRU, will lead a team that will directly address two major factors in preventable child drowning deaths in a country where 7% of its surface is covered in water-lack of supervision and easy access to water. The project will test two interventions: community daycare centers (sometimes referred to as "crèches" or "anchals") playpens. Attendance in crèches during the period when drowning injury is most likely to occur reduces the risk of drowning by both supervising the child and removing the child from the hazard. Similarly, playpens, which will be locally manufactured, restrict child mobility, thus creating a barrier between the child and the hazard. They are also an aid to adult supervision, which, in turn, minimizes exposure to the risk of drowning.

The goal of the project is to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of these interventions for 80,000 children, 1-4 years of age over a two-year period.

"The rate of drowning for young children in Bangladesh is alarming," said Hyder. "It is imperative that we explore the feasibility of appropriate and cost-effective drowning prevention interventions for child survival."

"This project represents a tremendous opportunity for continuing to improve child health care in Bangladesh and is a strong commitment to injury research," said Olakunle Alonge, assistant scientist in JH-IIRU and program manager for SoLiD.

Bloomberg Philanthropies is also supporting the World Health Organization (WHO) to publish an evidence-based global report on drowning prevention later this year and provide expert guidance on effective strategies to combat this burgeoning epidemic and save thousands of lives.

More information here

On February 12th, as part of the effort to draw attention to the growing burden of road traffic injuries, the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health will launch “Global Road Safety: Updates from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” a special issue of Injury. The launch will coincide with a noontime seminar at the Bloomberg School in Baltimore which features panelists from Bloomberg Philanthropies, the Association for Safe International Road Travel (ASIRT) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

Road traffic injuries (RTIs) account for nearly 1.24 deaths each year, with an additional 20 to 50 million people injured or disabled. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), the rate of RTIs is twice as high as in developed nations. Today, RTIs are the 8th leading cause of death globally, and if no action is taken, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that they will jump to the 5th leading cause by 2030. Moreover, the economic losses associated with road traffic deaths are just as devastating, costing LMICs an estimated $100 billion every year. While these statistics are shocking, the impact of road traffic crashes is often overlooked as a serious disease burden.

The JH-IIRU is dedicated to reducing those rates of road traffic injuries around the world. Led by Dr. Adnan A. Hyder, in 2010, JH-IIRU joined a consortium of six partners, including the WHO, the Global Road Safety Partnership, ASIRT, EMBARQ and the World Bank, to evaluate and implement road safety solutions in ten countries that account for nearly half (48%) of all traffic deaths globally. The Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program is a five-year undertaking generously funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies and dedicated to evaluating and implementing road safety solutions where they are needed most.  

The goal of the Road Safety Program is to save lives by providing evidence for stronger road safety interventions around the world.  It is equally important, however, to increase awareness of the devastating impact of road traffic injuries.  For this reason, JH-IIRU has published its second special issue.  “Global Road Safety: Updates from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries.”  This new supplement features 12 scientific papers jointly authored by nearly 50 JH-IIRU colleagues and collaborators from 30 institutions and organizations within the participating countries. The issue presents findings from the ongoing monitoring and evaluation activities in all ten countries, as well as an examination of the trauma component of the program. It highlights the mixed methods approach of data collection and showcases both the successes as well as the challenges of collecting such data in real-world settings.

“These papers are an important step in building the evidence-base on injury control and road safety in LMICs and demonstrates the promise of mixed-methods research in our understanding of what works in many different contexts for both prevention and treatment of RTIs,” said Hyder.

The supplemental issue is also part of the commitment of the partners in the Global Road Safety Program to share knowledge, provide access to progressive results and stimulate further dialogue on road traffic injury prevention and control in developing countries—something Dr. Hyder sees as vitally important.

“The amount of research done on road safety in LMICs is not proportional to the burden of injury in these countries,” said Hyder. “In the most recent Cochrane review on road safety interventions, only 2.5% of the trails utilized were conducted in LMICs. And all only focused on a single intervention—helmet wearing! It is imperative that we shine a spotlight on the under-recognized burden of road traffic injuries.”

While road safety issues have recently begun garnering more attention, much more work is needed. This special issue brings to light the under-recognized burden of road traffic injuries even as it represents important strides in road safety research.

The Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit gratefully acknowledges Bloomberg Philanthropies for their support, as well as that of our in-country collaborators and consortium partners.

For more information on the seminar, click here.

For more information on the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program, visit the JH-IIRU website: http://www.jhsph.edu/iiru/index.html

To access the special issue, visit the Injury website at http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00201383/44/supp/S4

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