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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Date: Aug 2013

On Monday, August 26, Gayle DiPietro, Global Manager for the Bloomberg Philanthropies Global Road Safety Program at the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) visited JH-IIRU to discuss not only the progress of the road safety program, but the potential for future partnerships outside the consortium.

During her visit, Ms. DiPietro met with country managers to discuss the ongoing work in each of the participating countries, as well as future plans for the Global Road Safety Program. She also highlighted some of the participants of the Road Safety Grants Programme, which was initiated in 2012 as a way to help NGOs strengthen advocacy for improvements in road safety policy to reduce deaths and serious injuries as a result of road crashes.

At GRSP, Ms. DiPietro oversees the Partnership’s capacity building with Global Road Safety Program in-country stakeholders, particularly traffic police, in order to implement evidence-based road safety interventions. She manages the small-grants program as well, which is designed to support NGOs in advocacy work as well as shape advocacy efforts with selected Red Cross Red Crescent National Societies.

Find more information on GRSP here: http://www.grsproadsafety.org/

International travel is growing in popularity, especially to the Asia-Pacific and African regions. With increased travel to more low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), comes an increase in the risk of diseases and adverse health events. Travel medicine has made an effort to keep pace by making more immunizations and preventive medicine available, which in turn has changed the mortality and morbidity patterns of international travelers. While infectious diseases were previously the leading causes of adverse health for travelers, they are now 10 times more likely to die from injuries than infectious diseases.

Shirin Wadhwaniya, a JH-IIRU senior research assistant, recently published an editorial in the Journal of Travel Medicine. “Pre-Travel Consultation without Injury Prevention is Incomplete” stresses the importance of including injury prevention in pre-travel safety communications.

The editorial suggests that, because road traffic injuries are on the increase for travelers, clear and focused discussions on the risks of road travel and how they can be reduced should be an important component of pre-travel consultations.

Access the full article here: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jtm.12041/pdf

Recent studies have shown considerable undercounting of bicyclist mortality rates in police-reported data in China. Comparisons between the Ministry of Health’s vital registration data and the Disease Surveillance Points data (DSP) show significant disparity in rates from that of the official, police-reported rates.

JH-IIRU team members, including associate faculty Sai Ma and research assistant Qingfeng Li, recently published a study addressing this disparity in Injury Prevention. “Bicyclist mortality between 2006 and 2010 in China: Findings from national Disease Surveillance Points (DSP) data,” examines the trend in bicycle mortality using DSP data.

The study found that, between 2006 and 2010, the mortality rate for bicyclists increased from 1.1 to 1.6 per 100,000 population, according to DSP data, and more than 90% of bicyclist deaths were undercounted by police compared to DSP data during the same time period. However, because the police-reported statistics are regarded as the official data source, bicyclist injury and mortality rates may suffer from under-reporting.

This paper suggests the importance of using health sector data to compliment the reporting of traffic bicyclist injuries, as well as the need to improve police reports in China to more accurately reflect mortality rates.

These findings have several important policy implications: including health sector data can improve the quality of the data, as well as influence the implementation of interventions, such as promoting helmet use, mass media campaigns and legislation to curb the recent increase in mortality.

You can access the paper here: http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/early/2013/05/24/injuryprev-2012-040510.long

 

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