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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Collaborating Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Date: Jul 27, 2012

Road traffic crashes in India are the highest in the world, with more than half a million road traffic injuries and 120,000 related deaths each year. Because of these shocking figures, it is imperative that road safety policies and control programs are implemented at both the national and state levels as quickly as possible.

In order to effectively evaluate current policies, as well as formulate and implement new ones for the prevention of road traffic crashes, researchers must have good quality road traffic data.  John Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) team members, including Dr. Shivam Gupta and Shirin Wadhwaiya, along with colleagues from the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, India, address this issue in “Evidence-Based Road Safety Practice in India: Assessment of the Adequacy of Publicly Available Data in Meeting Requirements for Comprehensive Road Safety Data Systems.”

The researchers used the recently published good practices manual on data collection from the World Health Organization (WHO) to compare current publicly available data sources from the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) and the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MORTH).  The study found that while data at the national level was more comprehensive than at the state level, there is still an urgent need to improve data collection and documentation at all levels, which will make possible continued effective road safety research.

“Evidence-Based Road Safety Practice in India: Assessment of the Adequacy of Publicly Available Data in Meeting Requirements for Comprehensive Road Safety Data Systems,” is part of “Public Health Burden of Road Traffic Injuries: An Assessment from Ten Low- and Middle-Income Countries,” a special issue of Traffic Injury Prevention published by the JH-IIRU as part of the Road Safety in 10 Countries project (RS-10). This landmark publication includes 11 scientific papers jointly authored with 50 colleagues from JH-IIRU and their in-country collaborators that contribute much-needed new knowledge to the burgeoning issue of road traffic injuries in low- and middle- income countries.

You can access the full article along with the entire special issue here.

To find out more about the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit, contact us at IIRU@jhsph.edu.

On Thursday, July 19, 2012, Dr. Rozina Karmaliani of Aga Khan University (AKU), visited the Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit (JH-IIRU) to talk about potential collaborations in injury prevention, violence research and long-term consequences of trauma.

Dr. Karmaliani, who was most recently the Interim Dean at the AKU - School of Nursing and Midwifery (SONAM), is an associate professor at both SONAM and in the Community Health Sciences (CHS) Department of AKU.  Dr. Karmaliani began her career as a Community Health Nurse and Preceptor in the CHS department at AKU in 1988 and completed her MPH in Public Health Administration in 1994, her MScN in Public Health Nursing Administration in 1997 and her PhD in Nursing, with a focus on Health Systems, Ethics and Program Evaluation in 2000; all from the University of Minnesota.

Since re-joining AKU in 2001, Dr. Karmaliani has served as the Director of the Post RN BScN (2 year), BScN (4 year) and MScN programs.

While here, Dr. Karmaliani also met with David Peters, Director of the Health Systems Programs in the Department of International Health, as well as key members of the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, including Dean Martha Hill.

Dr. Karmaliani’s areas of interest include in violence prevention and women and child health and gender equity.

AKU Prof visit
Dr. Daivd Peters, Dr. Rozina Karmaliani and Dr. Adnan Hyder

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