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Johns Hopkins International Injury Research Unit

A World Health Organization Center for Injuries, Violence and Accident Prevention

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Date: Oct 2012

The burden of road traffic crashes is significant in Brazil, which has one of the highest road traffic mortality rates of any country in the Americas.
In a recent publication, “Impact of Road Traffic Deaths on Expected Years of Life Lost and Reduction in Life Expectancy in Brazil,” JH-IIRU faculty, including associate director, Aruna Chandran, and senior technical advisor, David Bishai, as well as colleagues from Universidade Federal do Rio Grand do Sul, calculate years of life lost and the resulting reduction in life expectancy as a result of road traffic deaths in order to better characterize the full extent of the burden of road traffic deaths.

The research indicates that road traffic deaths in Brazil account for more than 1.5 million life-years lost, with 80% occurring among males. The team also discovered that road traffic crashes reduce at-birth life expectancy in Brazilians by approximately 9 months for males and 2 months for females.  The authors also show how the years of life lost could be reduced if the different geographic regions in Brazil improved their road safety statistics to match those of the best-performing region.

With road traffic crashes responsible for nearly 1.3 million deaths globally each year (a number that is expected to increase by 65% by 2020 if no interventions are made), illustrating the years of life lost and the resulting reduction in life expectancy, as well as the potential for reducing the road mortality rate, is vital to support for the need for the continued implementation of evidence-based road safety interventions in Brazil.

“Impact of Road Traffic Deaths on Expected Years of Life Lost and Reduction in Life Expectancy in Brazil” will appear in the upcoming edition of Demography.

To read the entire article, click here.

For more information on the Road Safety in 10 Countries Project (RS-10) click here.


The JH-IIRU team recently returned from a busy week at Safety 2012, the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in New Zealand, and by all accounts, it was a rousing success.

From their involvement in pre-conference meetings to the numerous posters and presentations, the team, which included JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, associate directors Abdulgafoor M. Bachani and Kent Stevens, and research program coordinator, Jeffrey Lunnen, participated in nearly every aspect of the conference.

In total, the JH-IIRU team was well-represented with more than 20 abstracts accepted for oral and poster presentations, including JH-IIRU research program coordinator, Jeffrey C. Lunnen’s presentation on road traffic injuries (RTIs) in Guyana. Mr. Lunnen also participated in Distracted Driving: Mobile Phone Use While Driving in Three Mexican Cities presentation with colleagues from the Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica (INSP) during the Transport, Distraction and Fatigue session.

Lunnen_NZ

JH-IIRU research program coordinator, Jeffrey C. Lunnen, giving his oral presentation on RTIs in Guyana.

The unit’s monitoring and evaluation efforts with the Road Safety in 10 Countries (RS-10) project was featured prominently during the conference. Dr. Bachani’s session on the first two years of the project, which was chaired by Dr. Etienne Krug of the World Health Organization (WHO), was attended by more than 100 conference participants. Dr. Manjul Joshipura from WHO and Dr. Ian Hughes, from the Global Road Safety Partnership (GRSP) presented findings as well.

Abdul_NZ

JH-IIRU associate director, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani presenting data during the workshop, “Evaluating Road Safety Interventions: Lessons Learnt from the First Two Years of A Multi-Country Approach”

Dr. Stevens led a well-attended workshop on trauma care in low- and middle-income countries, which also included presentations from Dr. Joshipura and Dr. Junaid Razzak from Aga Khan University.

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JH-IIRU associate director, Kent Stevens leading the workshop “Developing, Implementing and Evaluating Trauma Care Systems in Low- and Middle-Income Countries”

JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, was busy as well. In addition to being a keynote speaker, Dr. Hyder chaired several sessions, including one on transportation, legislation and policy, which included a presentation by Dr. Bachani.

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JH-IIRU Director, Adnan A. Hyder, chairing the concurrent session on Transportation, Legislation and Policy.

Additionally, Dr. Amber Mehmood, a Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health postdoctoral fellow working on trauma care for the JHU-Pakistan Fogarty International Collaborative Trauma and Injury Research Training Program (JHU-Pakistan ICTIRT), was awarded best presentation for her abstract, Pilot Testing of Trauma Registry in a Single Tertiary Care Hospital of Pakistan: Results from Initial Data Analysis.

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Amber Mehmood receiving her award for best presentation.

Overall, the JH-IIRU team felt the conference was informative and worthwhile, with an impressive interest in the unit’s injury prevention work.

Safety 2012 World Conference on Injury Prevention is a biennial meeting that brings together world leaders in scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

Additional information on abstracts will be available here:

http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/18/Suppl_1.cover-expansion

For more information about the International Injury Research Unit, please contact IIRU@jhsph.edu.

This week marks the opening of Safety 2012, the 11th World Conference on Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion in New Zealand, but JH-IIRU team members have been busy participating in several pre-conference meetings.

On September 29, JH-IIRU director, Adnan Hyder, participated in a workshop aimed at training journalists in health and scientific reporting. Organized by the World Health Organization (WHO), the panel discussion Dr. Hyder participated in --along with Etienne Krug from WHO--focused mainly on the use of data in reporting and the challenges this presents to journalists.

Dr. Hyder also participated in the Safekids Global Summit on September 30th, where he presented on the critical role of utilizing data to address childhood unintentional injuries.??

On October 1, JH-IIRU associate director, Kent Stevens, presented a session at the Road Traffic Injuries Research Network (RTIRN) Regional Workshop on trauma care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and Dr. Hyder, presented on capacity development for RTIs.

There’s more to come from the conference, so make sure to follow us on Facebook and Twitterto keep up with the latest JH-IIRU news out of New Zealand this week!

Safety 2012 World Conference on Injury Prevention is a biennial meeting that brings together world leaders in scientists, researchers and academics from all over the world in an effort to strengthen the field of injury prevention and safety promotion.

World Health Organization

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