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Center for American Indian Health
415 N. Washington Street
4th Floor
Baltimore, MD 21231
phone: (410) 955-6931
toll free: 1-800-509-8456
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List of Publications
Johns Hopkins Center for American Indian Health

When you click on an article, you will be taken to the PubMed website where you will view an abstract of the article.  In some cases, you can obtain the full article from the PubMed website or request one in writing.

Aronson NE, Santosham M, Comstock GW et al. Long-term efficacy of BCG vaccine in American Indians and Alaska Natives: A 60-year follow-up study. JAMA 2004; 291(17):2086-2091.

Barlow A, Walkup JT. Developing mental health services for Native American children. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 1998; 7(3):555-77, ix.

Barlow A, Varipatis-Baker E, Speakman K et al. Home-visiting intervention to improve child care among American Indian adolescent mothers: a randomized trial. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2006; 160(11):1101-1107.

Barlow A, Walkup J. The First Americans have much to teach us. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psych 2008; 47:843-844.

Barlow A, Mullany BC, Neault N, et al. Examining correlates of methamphetamine and other drug use in pregnant American Indian adolescents. American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research 2010; 17:1.

Barzilay EJ, O'Brien KL, Kwok YS et al. Could a single dose of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in children be effective? Modeling the optimal age of vaccination. Vaccine 2006; 24(7):904-913.

Benin AL, O'Brien KL, Watt JP et al. Effectiveness of the 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine against invasive pneumococcal disease in Navajo adults. J Infect Dis 2003; 188(1):81-89.

Benin AL, Watt JP, O'Brien KL et al. Delivering pneumococcal vaccine to a high risk population: the Navajo experience. Hum Vaccin 2005; 1(2):66-69.

Bliss SJ, Larzalere-Hinton F, Lacapa R et al. Invasive pneumococcal disease among White Mountain Apache adults, 1991-2005. Arch Intern Med 2008; 168(7):749-755.

Bockova J, O'Brien KL, Oski J et al. Respiratory syncytial virus infection in Navajo and White Mountain Apache children. Pediatrics 2002; 110(2 Pt 1):e20.

Bronsdon MA, O'Brien KL, Facklam RR, Whitney CG, Schwartz B, Carlone GM. Immunoblot method to detect Streptococcus pneumoniae and identify multiple serotypes from nasopharyngeal secretions. J Clin Microbiol 2004; 42(4):1596-1600.

Butler JC, Crengle S, Cheek JE et al. Emerging infectious diseases among indigenous peoples. Emerg Infect Dis 2001; 7(3 Suppl):554-555.

Carvalho M, Pimenta F, Jackson D, Roundtree A, Ahmad Y, Millar EV, O’Brien, KL et al. Revisiting pneumococcal carriage using broth and PCR techniques for enhanced detection of carriage and serotypes. J. Clin Microbiol. 2010. 48(5):1611-8.

Cortese MM, Wolff M, Almeido-Hill J, Reid R, Ketcham J, Santosham M. High incidence rates of invasive pneumococcal disease in the White Mountain Apache population. Arch Intern Med 1992; 152(11):2277-2282.

Cortese MM, Goepp J, Almeido-Hill J et al. Children with Haemophilus influenzae bacteremia initially treated as outpatients: outcome in 85 American Indian children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1992; 11(7):521-525.

Davis SM, Reid R. Practicing participatory research in American Indian communities. Am J Clin Nutr 1999; 69(4 Suppl):755S-759S.

Eick A, Croll J, Weatherholtz R, Croll L, Santosham M. Safety and immunogenicity of two octavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in American Indian infants. Vaccine 2004; 22(9-10):1260-1264.

Eick A, Karron R, Shaw J et al. The role of neutralizing antibodies in protection of American Indian infants against respiratory syncytial virus disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2008; 27(3):207-212.

Eick A, Uyeki TM, Klimov A et al. Maternal influenza vaccination and impact upon influenza among Navajo and White Mountain Apache infants. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011; 165(2):104-11.

Goepp JG, Katz S, Cuervo E et al. Comparison of two regimens of feeding and oral electrolyte solutions in infants with diarrhea. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1997; 24(4):374-379.

Harrison LH, Tajkowski C, Croll J et al. Post-licensure effectiveness of the Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide-Neisseria meningitidis outer-membrane protein complex conjugate vaccine among Navajo children. J Pediatr 1994; 125(4):571-576.

Hochman ME, Watt JP, Reid R, O'Brien KL. The prevalence and incidence of end-stage renal disease in Native American adults on the Navajo reservation. Kidney Int 2007; 71(9):931-937.

Lacapa R, Bliss SJ, Larzelere-Hinton F et al. Changing epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease among White Mountain Apache persons in the era of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Clin Infect Dis 2008; 47(4):476-484.

Letson GW, Santosham M, Reid R et al. Comparison of active and combined passive/active immunization of Navajo children against Haemophilus influenzae type b. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1988; 7(11):747-752.

Lipsitch M, O'Neill K, Cordy D et al. Strain characteristics of Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage and invasive disease isolates during a cluster-randomized clinical trial of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis 2007; 196(8):1221-1227.

Losonsky GA, Santosham M, Sehgal VM, Zwahlen A, Moxon ER. Haemophilus influenzae disease in the White Mountain Apaches: molecular epidemiology of a high risk population. Pediatr Infect Dis 1984; 3(6):539-547.

Menon S, Santosham M, Reid R, Almeido-Hill J, Sack RB, Comstock GW. Rotavirus diarrhoea in Apache children: a case-control study. Int J Epidemiol 1990; 19(3):715-721.

Miernyk K, Parkinson A, Rudolph K et al. Immunogenicity of a Heptavalent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Apache and Navajo Indian, Alaska Native, and Non-Native American Children Aged<2 Years. Clin Infect Dis 2000; 31:34-41.

Millar EV, O'Brien KL, Levine OS, Kvamme S, Reid R, Santosham M. Toward elimination of Haemophilus influenzae type B carriage and disease among high-risk American Indian children. Am J Public Health 2000; 90(10):1550-1554.

Millar EV, O'Brien KL, Watt JP et al. Epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae type A disease among Navajo and White Mountain Apache children, 1988-2003. Clin Infect Dis 2005; 40(6):823-830.

Millar EV, O'Brien KL, Watt JP et al. Effect of community-wide conjugate pneumococcal vaccine use in infancy on nasopharyngeal carriage through 3 years of age: a cross-sectional study in a high-risk population. Clin Infect Dis 2006; 43(1):8-15.

Millar EV, O'Brien KL, Bronsdon MA et al. Anticapsular serum antibody concentration and protection against pneumococcal colonization among children vaccinated with 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. Clin Infect Dis 2007; 44(9):1173-1179.

Millar EV, Watt JP, Bronsdon MA et al. Indirect effect of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumococcal colonization among unvaccinated household members. Clin Infect Dis 2008; 47(8):989-996.

Millar EV, O'Brien KL, Zell ER, Bronsdon MA, Reid R, Santosham M. Nasopharyngeal Carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Navajo and White Mountain Apache Children Before the Introduction of Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2009; In Press.

Millar EV, Pimenta F,  Roundtree A, Jackson D, Carvalho G,  Perilla M, Reid R, Santosham M, Witney C, Beall B, O’Brien KL. Epidemiology of Pneumococcal Serotype 6C Invasive Disease and Carriage Before and After Conjugate Vaccine Introduction. Clin InfectDis 2010; 51(11):1258-65.

Moulton LH, Wolff MC, Brenneman G, Santosham M. Case-cohort analysis of case-coverage studies of vaccine effectiveness. Am J Epidemiol 1995; 142(9):1000-1006.

Moulton LH, Staat MA, Santosham M, Ward RL. The protective effectiveness of natural rotavirus infection in an American Indian population. J Infect Dis 1998; 178(6):1562-1566.

Moulton LH, Chung S, Croll J, Reid R, Weatherholtz RC, Santosham M. Estimation of the indirect effect of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in an American Indian population. Int J Epidemiol 2000; 29(4):753-756.

Moulton LH, O'Brien KL, Kohberger R et al. Design of a group-randomized Streptococcus pneumoniae vaccine trial. Control Clin Trials 2001; 22(4):438-452.

Moulton LH, O'Brien KL, Reid R, Weatherholtz R, Santosham M, Siber GR. Evaluation of the indirect effects of a pneumococcal vaccine in a community-randomized study. J Biopharm Stat 2006; 16(4):453-462.

Newcomer W, Rivin B, Reid R et al. Immunogenicity, safety and tolerability of varying doses and regimens of inactivated hepatitis A virus vaccine in Navajo children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1994; 13(7):640-642.

O'Brien KL, Bronsdon MA, Dagan R et al. Evaluation of a medium (STGG) for transport and optimal recovery of Streptococcus pneumoniae from nasopharyngeal secretions collected during field studies. J Clin Microbiol 2001; 39(3):1021-1024.

O'Brien KL, Moulton LH, Reid R et al. Efficacy and safety of seven-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine in American Indian children: group randomised trial. Lancet 2003; 362(9381):355-361.

O'Brien KL, Santosham M. Potential impact of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines on pediatric pneumococcal diseases. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 159(7):634-644.

O'Brien KL, Shaw J, Weatherholtz R et al. Epidemiology of invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae among Navajo children in the era before use of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines, 1989-1996. Am J Epidemiol 2004; 160(3):270-278.

O'Brien KL, Hochman M, Goldblatt D. Combined schedules of pneumococcal conjugate and polysaccharide vaccines: is hyporesponsiveness an issue? Lancet Infect Dis 2007; 7(9):597-606.

O'Brien KL, Moisi J, Moulton LH et al. Predictors of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine immunogenicity among infants and toddlers in an American Indian PnCRM7 efficacy trial. J Infect Dis 2007; 196(1):104-114.

O'Brien KL, Millar EV, Zell ER et al. Effect of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on nasopharyngeal colonization among immunized and unimmunized children in a community-randomized trial. J Infect Dis 2007; 196(8):1211-1220.

O'Brien KL, David AB, Chandran A et al. Randomized, controlled trial efficacy of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine against otitis media among Navajo and White Mountain Apache infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2008; 27(1):71-73.

O'Brien KL, Moisi J, Romero-Steiner S et al. Pneumococcal antibodies in a child with type 14 pneumococcal conjugate vaccine failure. Vaccine 2009; 27(12):1863-1868.

Perez-Perez GI, Sack RB, Reid R, Santosham M, Croll J, Blaser MJ. Transient and persistent Helicobacter pylori colonization in Native American children. J Clin Microbiol 2003; 41(6):2401-2407.

Reid R, Santosham M, Croll J, Thompson C, Newcomer W, Siber GR. Antibody response of Navajo children primed with PRP-OMP vaccine to booster doses of PRP-OMP vs. HbOC vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1993; 12(10):812-815.

Robin LF, Lees PS, Winget M et al. Wood-burning stoves and lower respiratory illnesses in Navajo children. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1996; 15(10):859-865.

Sack RB, Castrellon J, Della SE et al. Hydrolyzed lactalbumin-based oral rehydration solution for acute diarrhoea in infants. Acta Paediatr 1994; 83(8):819-824.

Sack RB, Santosham M, Reid R et al. Diarrhoeal diseases in the White Mountain Apaches: clinical studies. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1995; 13(1):12-17.

Santosham M, Foster S, Garrett S et al. Outpatient use of oral rehydration solutions in Apache population: effect of instructions on preparation and contamination. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 1984; 3(5):687-691.

Santosham M, Foster S, Reid R et al. Role of soy-base, lactose-free formula during treatment of acute diarrhea. Pediatrics 1985; 76:292-298.

Santosham M, Yolken RH, Wyatt RG et al. Epidemiology of rotavirus diarrhea in a prospectively monitored American Indian population. J Infect Dis 1985; 152(4):778-783.

Santosham M, Burns BA, Reid R et al. Glycine-based oral rehydration solution: reassessment of safety and efficacy. J Pediatr 1986; 109(5):795-801.

Santosham M, Reid R, Ambrosino DM et al. Prevention of Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Infections in High-Risk Infants Treated with Bacterial Polysaccharide Immune Globulin. N Engl J Med 1987; 317(15):923-929.

Santosham M, Reid R, Letson GW, Wolff MC, Siber G. Passive immunization for infection with Haemophilus influenzae type b. Pediatrics 1990; 85(4 Pt 2):662-666.

Santosham M, Letson GW, Wolff M et al. A field study of the safety and efficacy of two candidate rotavirus vaccines in a Native American population. J Infect Dis 1991; 163(3):483-487.

Santosham M, Goepp J, Burns B et al. Role of a soy-based lactose-free formula in the outpatient management of diarrhea. Pediatrics 1991; 87(5):619-622.

Santosham M, Hill J, Wolff M, Reid R, Lukacs L, Ahonkhai V. Safety and immunogenicity of a Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in a high risk American Indian population. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1991; 10(2):113-117.

Santosham M, Wolff M, Reid R et al. The efficacy in Navajo infants of a conjugate vaccine consisting of Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide and Neisseria meningitidis outer-membrane protein complex. N Engl J Med 1991; 324(25):1767-1772.

Santosham M, Rivin B, Wolff M et al. Prevention of Haemophilus influenzae type b infections in Apache and Navajo children. J Infect Dis 1992; 165 Suppl 1:S144-S151.

Santosham M, Sack RB, Reid R et al. Diarrhoeal diseases in the White Mountain Apaches: epidemiologic studies. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1995; 13(1):18-28.

Santosham M, Moulton LH, Reid R et al. Efficacy and safety of high-dose rhesus-human reassortant rotavirus vaccine in Native American populations. J Pediatr 1997; 131(4):632-638.

Santosham M. Can Haemophilus influenzae type b disease be eliminated from the United States? J Pediatr 2000; 137(3):295-298.

Santosham M, Englund JA, McInnes P et al. Safety and antibody persistence following Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate or pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccines given before pregnancy in women of childbearing age and their infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2001; 20(10):931-940.

Santosham M, Reid R, Chandran A et al. Contributions of Native Americans to the global control of infectious diseases. Vaccine 2007; 25(13):2366-2374.

Shinoff JJ, O'Brien KL, Thumar B et al. Young infants can develop protective levels of neutralizing antibody after infection with respiratory syncytial virus. J Infect Dis 2008; 198(7):1007-1015.

Siber GR, Santosham M, Reid GR et al. Impaired antibody response to Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide and low IgG2 and IgG4 concentrations in Apache children. N Engl J Med 1990; 323(20):1387-1392.

Siber GR, Werner BG, Halsey NA et al. Interference of immune globulin with measles and rubella immunization. J Pediatr 1993; 122(2):204-211.

Siber GR, Chang I, Baker S et al. Estimating the protective concentration of anti-pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide antibodies. Vaccine 2007; 25(19):3816-3826.

Singleton R, Holve S, Groom A et al. Impact of immunizations on the disease burden of American Indian and Alaska native children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2009; 163(5):446-453.

Takala A, Eskola J, Leinonen M et al. Reduction of oropharyngeal carriage of haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) in children immunized with a hib conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis 1992; 164:982-986.

Vesikari T, Matson DO, Dennehy P et al. Safety and efficacy of a pentavalent human-bovine (WC3) reassortant rotavirus vaccine. N Engl J Med 2006; 354(1):23-33.

Watt JP, Levine OS, Santosham M. Global reduction of Hib disease: what are the next steps? Proceedings of the meeting Scottsdale, Arizona, September 22-25, 2002. J Pediatr 2003; 143(6 Suppl):S163-S187.

Watt JP, O'Brien KL, Benin AL et al. Invasive pneumococcal disease among Navajo adults, 1989-1998. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 38(4):496-501.

Watt JP, O'Brien KL, Katz S et al. Nasopharyngeal versus oropharyngeal sampling for detection of pneumococcal carriage in adults. J Clin Microbiol 2004; 42(11):4974-4976.

Watt JP, O'Brien KL, Benin AL et al. Invasive pneumococcal disease among Navajo adults, 1989-1998. Clin Infect Dis 2004; 38(4):496-501.

Watt JP, O'Brien KL, Benin AL et al. Risk factors for invasive pneumococcal disease among Navajo adults. Am J Epidemiol 2007; 166(9):1080-1087.

Watt JP, Si JC, Donaldson RLA, Reid R, Ferro S, Whitney, CG, Santosham M, O’Brien KL. Use of serology and urine antigen detection to estimate the proportion of adult pneumonia attributable to S. pneumonia. Epid Infec 2010; 12:1-8 (Epub ahead of print).

Weatherholtz R, Millar EV, Moulton L, Reid R, Rudolph K, Santosham M, O’Brien KL. Invasive pneumococcal disease a decade after pneumococcal conjugate vaccine use in an American Indian population at high risk for disease. Clin Infect Dis 2010; 50(9): 1238-46).

Wissow LS, Walkup J, Barlow A, Reid R, Kane S. Cluster and regional influences on suicide in a Southwestern American Indian tribe. Soc Sci Med 2001; 53(9):1115-1124.

Yolken R, Dubovi E, Leister F, Reid R, Almeido-Hill J, Santosham M. Infantile gastroenteritis associated with excretion of pestivirus antigens. Lancet 1989; 1(8637):517-520.

Updated 4/11

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