Asian American Liver Cancer Education Program (2008-2012)
Funder: NCI(National Cancer Institute: 2008-2012: R25CA129042) Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders account for over half of the 1.3 million chronic hepatitis B cases and deaths from hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the U.S. This excessive risk can be attributed to high rates of HBV infection (particularly among first generation immigrants), in combination with low rates of HBV screening and vaccination due to cultural, linguistic, and financial barriers. Because of these combined risk factors, Asian Americans are often diagnosed with late stage cancer, resulting in low survival rates and high mortality rates.
In response to this cancer-related health disparity, this project seeks to develop and implement educational programs to promote HBV screening and increase awareness of liver cancer prevention of Asian Americans in Maryland. The specific aims are to:
Develop educational strategies tailored to the needs of target communities to increase public awareness of liver cancer prevention (Phase I)
Implement theory-driven and culturally integrated community-based cancer intervention programs (Phase II)
Evaluate the effectiveness of the educational intervention on hepatitis B and liver cancer awareness and HBV screening behavior (Phase III)