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Harnessing Microbicides in the Battle Against STDs

Women may soon have a better way to protect themselves from HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

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Superinfection Rate Comparable to Initial HIV Infection
In the first large-scale study of HIV superinfection in a general heterosexual population, researchers examined the rate of superinfection among a community of sub-Saharan adults.

Protecting Women
Female sex workers in low- and middle-income countries are nearly 14 times more likely to be infected by HIV compared to the rest of country’s population. The findings suggest an urgent need to scale up access to quality HIV prevention programs.

Protein Discovery Could Lead to New HIV Drugs
A team of researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health recently discovered a new protein that enables HIV to destroy human cells. The finding provides scientists with a critical glimpse into the complex interactions between HIV proteins and human proteins, a discovery that could potentially lead to new HIV drug therapies.

Male Circumcision Reduces HIV Risk
Professors Ron Gray and Maria Wawer found that male circumcision dramatically reduces a man’s risk of acquiring HIV. TIME magazine hailed the research as the top medical breakthrough of 2007.

Reducing HIV Risk During Breastfeeding
A randomized trial led by researchers at the Bloomberg School of Public Health found that extending the routine antiretroviral regimen for children in Malawi can significantly reduce the risk of mother-to-child HIV transmission.