Heena Brahmbhatt, PhD
Center & Institute Affiliation(s):
614 N. Wolfe Street, Room E4142
Baltimore , Maryland 21205
PhD , Johns Hopkins University , 2002
MPH , Johns Hopkins University
Dr. Brahmbhatt’s, research interests in Rakai Uganda where she has worked for 10 years are: examining risk factors for mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) and child mortality; association of household structure (polygyny), HIV status and child mortality; long-term trajectory of survival of infants born to HIV+ mothers compared to HIV- mothers; examining the association of co-infection of HIV and placental malaria on MTCT and birth outcomes; the role of breastfeeding mother-to-child transmission of HIV and better ways to estimate that risk and inform current debate on breastfeeding policy for HIV-positive mothers; examining the association of infections during pregnancy such as STDs, HIV and malaria with pregnancy and child health outcomes; and a longitudinal study examining the impact of HIV/AIDS and antiretroviral therapy on the long term trajectory of childhood outcomes such as morbidity, mortality, growth and development, nutrition and neurodevelopmental outcomes. Her current research is focusing on assessing the impact of HIV infection and ART use on pregnancy, fertility intentions, pregnancy outcomes and contraceptive use; assessing the impact of timing of ART initiation on morbidity, mortality and neurodevelopment among children 0 to 2 years of age; and a study assessing the impact of ART duration on disability among children infected and affected by HIV in Rakai, Uganda.
Her work in Ethiopia is focused on evaluating the integration of family planning services into existing voluntary counseling and testing HIV centers and assessing the impact of this integration of services on contraceptive use rates, high risk behaviors and knowledge and attitudes about HIV and STI prevention. Dr. Brahmbhatt’s work in Asia has focused on a prospective study of drug users in Delhi, India where effectiveness of a three component injecting drug use intervention (risk reduction and health stabilization, HIV-VCT and STI diagnosis and treatment, drug treatment with oral Buprenorphine) is being evaluated; evaluating Pakistani and Afghani drug use patterns among injecting drug users in Pakistan after the US-Afghan war; a study in north eastern China assessing the impact of forced migration on sexual and reproductive health of north Korean women living as a hidden population in China.
Honors and Awards
Phi Beta Kappa Delta Omega Honor Society Paul A. & C. Esther Harper Award in PFHS Fogarty Young Researcher Award Edward J. Dehne Award 2000 & 2001
Population and Family Health Sciences, Reproductive Health, HIV, mother-to-child transmission of HIV, placental malaria, malaria, child survival, child mortality, breastfeeding, harm reduction for IDUs
Brahmbhatt, H., Kigozi, G., Serwadda, D., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Sewankambo, N., Wawer, M., Gray, R. Is the Risk of Mother-To-Child HIV Transmission Higher Among Female Compared with Male Infants? A Case of Rakai, Uganda. 2009. JPID. 4(3)
Kagaayi J, Gray RH, Brahmbhatt H, Kigozi G, Nalugoda F, et al. (2008) Survival of Infants Born to HIV-Positive Mothers, by Feeding Modality, in Rakai, Uganda. December, 9, 2008. PLoS ONE 3(12): e3877
Brahmbhatt, H., Sullivan, D., Kigozi, G., Askin, F., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Serwadda, D., Sewankambo, N., Wawer, M., Gray, R. Association of HIV and Placental and Peripheral Malaria with Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission. 2008. JAIDS: 1;47(4): 472-6
Brahmbhatt, H., Kigozi, G., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Serwadda, D., Lutalo, T., Nalugoda, F., Sewankambo, N., Kiduggavu, M., Wawer, M.J., Gray, R. Mortality in HIV infected and uninfected mothers in rural Uganda. 2006 JAIDS. 41(4): 504-508
Haque, N., Zafar, T., Brahmbhatt, H., Imam, G., ul Hassan, S., Strathdee, S.A. High risk sexual behaviors among drug users in Pakistan: implications for prevention of STDs and HIV/AIDS. 2006. J. Pakistan Medical Association. 56(1 Suppl 1): S65-72