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Caitlin Kennedy, PhD

  • Co-Director, MPH concentration in Social and Behavioral Sciences in Public Health
  • Associate Director, Center for Qualitative Studies in Health and Medicine
  • Associate Professor

Departmental Affiliations

Center & Institute Affiliations

Contact Information

615 N. Wolfe Street
Room E5033
Baltimore, Maryland 21205


SciVal Experts Research Profile


PhD, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2009
MPH, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2004
BA, Swarthmore College, 2000


I am a social and behavioral scientist trained in both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. I apply these methods to the development and evaluation of innovative HIV prevention interventions and strategies to improve the health and well-being of people living in resource-limited settings. I am particularly interested in (1) understanding the complexities of HIV risk and the development of tailored services and combination HIV prevention and care strategies for key populations, such as sex workers and men who have sex with men (MSM), and highly affected populations where unique economic and social patterns create heightened HIV risk, such as fishing communities along East Africa’s great lakes; (2) interventions with structural components that attempt to change the underlying drivers of HIV risk, such as conditional or unconditional cash transfers for young women or community empowerment interventions for sex workers; (3) positive health, dignity and prevention (PHDP) approaches that work with people living with HIV to improve health and reduce onward transmission risk; and (4) social and behavioral aspects of new biomedical HIV prevention strategies, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for sex workers. I am also committed to seeing research translate into policy, particularly through my involvement in systematic reviews and World Health Organization normative guidelines.


Honors and Awards

Excellence in Advising Award. Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health, 2011. SOURCE faculty community service award. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2010. Sommer Scholarship. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2005-2009 Field Experience Fund Award. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2008 Delta Omega Student Award. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2008 Frameworks Program in Global Health Grant. Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health. 2007 Delta Omega Public Health Honor Society. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2004 Phi Beta Kappa. Swarthmore College. 2000 Bramson Prize for Outstanding Thesis. Swarthmore College. 2000 H. M. Wright Scholarship for Academic Excellence. Swarthmore College. 1999-2000 Joel Dean Research Award. Swarthmore College. 1998

  • HIV prevention, behavioral interventions, combination prevention, positive health dignity and prevention (PHDP), cash transfers, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), community empowerment, HIV testing, HIV care and treatment, serosorting, sex workers, men who have sex with men (MSM), people living with HIV (PLHIV), fishing communities, qualitative research, systematic review, meta-analysis, guidelines, sub-Saharan Africa, India, Tanzania, Swaziland, Botswana, Uganda, Togo, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Dominican Republic, Peru, Nepal

Selected recent publications

  • Kennedy C, Fonner V, Armstrong K, O’Reilly K, Sweat M. Increasing HIV serostatus disclosure in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review of intervention evaluations. AIDS. 2015 Jun;29 Suppl 1:S7-S23
  • Kennedy C, Brahmbhatt H, Likindikoki S, Mbwambo J, Beckham S, Kerrigan D. Exploring the potential of a conditional cash transfer intervention to reduce HIV risk among young women in Iringa, Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2014;26(3):275-81.

  • Kennedy C, Baral S, Fielding-Miller R, Adams D, Dludlu P, Sithole B, Fonner V, Mnisi Z, Kerrigan D. “They are human beings, they are Swazi”: Intersecting stigmas and the positive health, dignity and prevention needs of HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Swaziland. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2013;16(Suppl 3):18749. PMCID: PMC3852123. 

  • Kennedy C, Fonner V, O’Reilly K, Sweat M. A systematic review of income generation interventions, including microfinance and vocational skills training, for HIV prevention. AIDS Care. 2013 Oct 9. [Epub ahead of print] 

  • Kerrigan D, Kennedy C, Morgan-Thomas R, Reza-Paul S, Mwangi P, Win, KT, McFall A, Fonner V, Butler J. A community empowerment approach to the HIV response among sex workers: Effectiveness, challenges, and considerations for implementation and scale-up. The Lancet. 2014 Jul 21. S0140-6736(14); 60973-9.