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Caitlin Elizabeth Kennedy, PhD

Deputy Director, Project SEARCH: Research to Prevention (R2P) (

Assistant Professor

Departmental Affiliation(s):

International Health
Division: Social and Behavioral Interventions
Health, Behavior and Society (Joint)

Center & Institute Affiliation(s):

Contact Information

615 N. Wolfe Street
Room E5033
Baltimore , Maryland   21205


SciVal Experts Research Profile


PhD , Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health , 2009
MPH , Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health , 2004


My research interests focus on HIV prevention and behavioral interventions in low- and middle-income countries. Specifically, I am interested in new approaches to HIV prevention that work in collaboration with people living with HIV to address holistic care and prevention needs through positive health, dignity, and prevention interventions and serosorting - when HIV-infected individuals seek other HIV-infected individuals for intimate relationships. I also work on issues of coping with HIV and integration of HIV with other sexual and reproductive health services, as well as linkage to and retention in HIV care and treatment services. Recently, I have worked more with most at risk populations, including MSM and sex workers, and particularly the positive health, dignity and prevention needs of these populations.

Methodologically, I focus on qualitative research and serve as a co-instructor for the qualitative research course series. I also have extensive experience with systematic reviews and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of interventions and to inform guideline development by organizations such as the World Health Organization.

Other interests include research ethics and community participation in research, including community-based participatory research (CBPR).

I am currently co-deputy director of Project SEARCH: Research to Prevention (R2P):

Honors and Awards

Excellence in Advising Award. Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health, 2011. SOURCE faculty community service award. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2010. Sommer Scholarship. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2005-2009 Field Experience Fund Award. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2008 Delta Omega Student Award. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2008 Frameworks Program in Global Health Grant. Johns Hopkins Center for Global Health. 2007 Delta Omega Public Health Honor Society. Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. 2004 Phi Beta Kappa. Swarthmore College. 2000 Bramson Prize for Outstanding Thesis. Swarthmore College. 2000 H. M. Wright Scholarship for Academic Excellence. Swarthmore College. 1999-2000 Joel Dean Research Award. Swarthmore College. 1998

HIV, AIDS, HIV prevention, behavioral interventions, positive health dignity and prevention, serosorting, qualitative research, systematic review, meta-analysis, guidelines, World Health Organization, WHO, sexual and reproductive health, SRH, linkages, integration, research ethics, community-based participatory research, CBPR, Africa, Uganda, Tanzania, Swaziland, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Botswana, Togo, India

    Selected publications from 2013

  • Kennedy C, Fonner V, Sweat M, Okero A, Baggaley R, O’Reilly K. Provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. AIDS and Behavior. June 2013;17(5):1571-90. 

  • Kennedy C, Bernard LJ, Muessig KE, Konda K, Akl E, Lo YR, Gerbase A, O’Reilly K. Serosorting and HIV/STI infection among HIV-negative MSM and transgender people: a systematic review and meta-analysis to inform WHO guidelines. Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2013, Article ID 583627, doi:10.1155/2013/583627. 

  • Kennedy C, Brahmbhatt H, Likindikoki S, Mbwambo J, Beckham S, Kerrigan D. Exploring the potential of a conditional cash transfer intervention to reduce HIV risk among young women in Iringa, Tanzania. AIDS Care. 2013 Aug 8. [Epub ahead of print] 

  • Kennedy C, Fonner V, O’Reilly K, Sweat M. A systematic review of income generation interventions, including microfinance and vocational skills training, for HIV prevention. AIDS Care. 2013 Oct 9. [Epub ahead of print] 

  • Kennedy C, Baral S, Fielding-Miller R, Adams D, Dludlu P, Sithole B, Fonner V, Mnisi Z, Kerrigan D. “They are human beings, they are Swazi”: Intersecting stigmas and the positive health, dignity and prevention needs of HIV-infected men who have sex with men in Swaziland. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2013;16(Suppl 3):18749