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Kavi Bhalla, PhD

Assistant Professor

Departmental Affiliation(s):

International Health
Division: Health Systems

Center & Institute Affiliation(s):

Contact Information

615 N. Wolfe Street, E8138
Baltimore , Maryland   21217
US        

+1 954 849 8692

Global Burden of Injuries,: www.globalburdenofinjuries.org

Education

PhD , Cornell University , 2001

Overview

My research focuses on developing analytical tools for estimating the burden of injuries in information poor settings using existing data sources, including vital registers, mortuary and burial registers, hospital administrative records and trauma surveillance systems, household surveys, and verbal autopsy data. Our application of these methods included estimates of the national burden of road injuries in 18 countries, regional burden of injuries in Africa, and the global burden of injuries. I co-lead the injury expert group of the 2010 revision of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project.
I also have an

My research focuses on assessing the health effects (injuries, air quality, physical activities, others) of transport and urban policies. In particular, a substantial amount of my work focuses on road safety in low and middle income countries. I do work in developing analytical tools for estimating the burden of injuries in information poor settings using existing data sources, including vital registers, mortuary and burial registers, hospital administrative records and trauma surveillance systems, household surveys, and verbal autopsy data. Our application of these methods has included estimates of the national burden of road injuries in 18 countries, regional burden of injuries in Africa, and the global burden of injuries. I co-led the injury expert group of the 2010 revision of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD-2010) project.

I am formally trained as a mechanical engineer and my PhD thesis research focused on the mechanics of material failure, which I later applied to the study of injury biomechanics and vehicle crashworthiness. I am broadly interested in the design of products, environments, and systems that are safe and have positive health impacts. I also have an interest in the use of systems science for assessing the health effects (injuries, air quality, and other) of transport and urban policies. 

injuries, road safety, transport policy, systems science, global burden of injuries, urban planning, India, Africa

  • GBD Authors, 2012, Globalasdasd and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet. 2012 Dec 13; 380: 2095–2128. (KB co-led the injury expert group of GBD 2010)
    Bhalla, K., Harrison, J., Fingerhut, L.A., Shahraz, S., Abraham, J., Yeh, P.H., on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group, 2011, The global injury mortality data collection of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group: a publicly accessible research tool, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 18(3), 249-253.
    Miller, M., Bhalla, K., 2010, An Urgent Need to Restrict Access to Pesticides Based on Human Lethality. PLoS Med 7(10): e1000358. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000358.
    Bhalla, K., Harrison, J., Shahraz, S., Fingerhut, L., on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group, 2010, An assessment of the availability and quality of cause of death data for estimating the global burden of injuries, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88:831–838C, doi:10.2471/BLT.09.068809.
    Sanghavi, P., Bhalla, K., and Das, V., 2009, Fire-related deaths in India in 2001: a retrospective analysis of data, The Lancet, 373(9671), 1282-1288.
    Bhalla, K., Harrison, J., Abraham, J., Borse, N., Lyons, R., Boufous, S., Aharonson-Daniel, L., on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group, 2009, Data sources for improving estimates of the global burden of injuries: call for contributors, PLoS Medicine, January 2009, 6(1).
    Bhalla, K., Navaratne, K.V., Shahraz, S., Bartels, D., Abraham, J., and Dharmaratne, S., 2010, Estimating the incidence of road traffic fatalities and injuries in Sri Lanka using multiple data sources, accepted for publication in the International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, First published on 23 July 2010 (iFirst), doi:10.1080/17457300.2010.490919.
    Bhalla, K., Naghavi, M., Shahraz, S., Bartels, D., and Murray, C.J.L, 2009, Building national estimates of the burden of road traffic injuries in developing countries from all available data sources: Iran, Injury Prevention, 15: 146-149.
    Bartels, D., Bhalla, K., Shahraz, S., Abraham, J., Lozano, R., and Murray, C.J.L., 2010, Incidence of road injuries in Mexico: country report, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 17:3, 169-176.
    Naghavi M., Shahraz S., Bhalla K., Jafari N., Pourmalek F., Bartels D, Puthenpurakal J.A., and Motlagh M.E., 2009 Adverse health outcomes of road traffic injuries in Iran after rapid motorization, Archives of Iranian Medicine, May 2009;12(3): 284-94.
    Bhalla, K., Shahraz, S., Bartels, D., and Abraham, J., 2009, Methods for developing country level estimates of the incidence of deaths and non-fatal injuries from road traffic crashes, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 16(4): 239-248.
    Bhalla, K., Shahraz, S., Naghavi, M., Lozano, R., and Murray, C., 2008, Estimating the distribution of external causes in hospital data from injury diagnosis, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 20, 1822-1829.
    Bose, D., Bhalla, K., Untaroiu, C., Ivarsson B. J., Crandall, J.R., and Hurwitz, S.R., 2008, Injury tolerance and moment response of the knee joint to combined valgus bending and shear loading, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, 130(3), 031008. 
    Bhalla, K., Ezzati, M., Mahal, M., and Reich, M., 2007, A risk-based method for modeling traffic fatalities, Risk Analysis, 27 (1), 125-136.
    Bhalla, K., Shin, J., Kam, C., Murphy, D., Drinkwater, C., and Crandall, J., and Takahashi, Y., 2005, Experimental investigation of the response of the human lower limb to the pedestrian impact loading environment,  SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars – Mechanical Systems.
    Longhitano, D., Henary, B., Bhalla, K., Ivarsson, J., Crandall, K., Influence of vehicle body type on pedestrian injury distribution, SAE 2005 Transactions Journal of Passenger Cars – Mechanical Systems.
    Bose, D., Bhalla, K., Rooij, L., Millington, S., and Crandall, J., 2004, Response of the knee joint to the pedestrian impact loading environment,  Society of Automotive Engineers, 2004-01-1608.
    Crandall, J.R., Bhalla, K.S., Madeley, N.J., 2002, Designing road vehicles for pedestrian safety, British Medical Journal, 324: 1145-1148.
    Kerrigan, J., Bhalla, K., Madeley, N.J., Funk, J., Bose, D., and Crandall, J., 2003, Experiments for establishing pedestrian-impact lower limb injury criteria, Society of Automotive Engineers, 2003-01-0895.
    Bhalla, K., Zehnder, A.T., and Han, X., 2003, Thermomechanics of slow stable crack growth: closing the loop between experiments and simulation, Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 70, 2439-2458.
    Cardozo, N., Bhalla, K., Zehnder, A., and Allmendinger, R: 2003, Mechanical models of fault propagation folds and comparison to the trishear kinematic model, Journal of Structural Geology, 25, 1-18.
    Chang, P.B., Williams, B.J., Bhalla, K.S., Belknap, T.W., Santner, T.J., Notz, W.I., and Bartel D.L., 2001, Robust design and analysis of total joint replacements: finite element model experiments with environmental variables, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 123, 239-246.
    Bhalla, K., Kale, S.R., and Mohan, D., 2000, Burn properties of fabrics and garments worn in India, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 32, 407-420.
    Mohan, D., Kajzer, J., Bhalla, K.S., and Chawla, A., 1997, Impact modeling studies for a three-wheeled scooter taxi, Accident Analysis and Prevention, 29 (2), 161-170.

    Bhalla, K., Adofo, K., Mock, C., Afukaar, F., Appiah, N., and Ebel, B., 2012, Non-traditional data sources for injury control: an agenda for action in Ghana, Injury Prevention, doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2012-040410.

  • Bhalla K, Shotten M, Cohen A, et al. Transport for Health: The Global Burden of Disease Due to Injuries and Air Pollution From Motorized Road Transport. Washington, DC: World Bank Global Road Safety Facility, and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation; 2014. Available at: http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/publications/policy-report/transport-health-global-burden-disease-motorized-road-transport.

     GBD Authors, 2012, Global and regional mortality from 235 causes of death for 20 age groups in 1990 and 2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet. 2012 Dec 13; 380: 2095–2128. (KB co-led the injury expert group of GBD 2010)

     

  • Bhalla, K., Li, Q., Duan, L., Wang, Y., Bishai, D., and Hyder, A., 2014, The prevalence of speeding and drink driving in two cities in China: a mid project evaluation of ongoing road safety interventions, accepted for publication in Injury, International Journal of the Care of the Injured.

  • Bhalla, K., Harrison, J., Shahraz, S., Fingerhut, L., on behalf of the Global Burden of Disease Injury Expert Group, 2010, An assessment of the availability and quality of cause of death data for estimating the global burden of injuries, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88:831–838C, doi:10.2471/BLT.09.068809.

     

  • Sanghavi, P., Bhalla, K., and Das, V., 2009, Fire-related deaths in India in 2001: a retrospective analysis of data, The Lancet, 373(9671), 1282-1288.