Jennifer A. Schrack, PhD
Center & Institute Affiliation(s):
- Aging and Health, Johns Hopkins Center on (COAH)
- AIDS Research, Center for
- Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study
- Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research
615 N. Wolfe Street
Baltimore , Maryland 21205
PhD , BSPH , 2011
MS , University of Michigan , 2002
My primary area of research is the analytical study of physical activity and functional decline in older populations through the assessment of: (i) the complex interaction between energy expenditure and gait speed decline and (ii) objectively measured physical activity patterns and trends.
Physical activity is a modifiable risk factor for functional decline in older populations. Through the use of accelerometers, we now have incredible opportunities to better understand daily activity patterns and trends with an unprecedented level of detail. Such technologies use less biased, silent observers, such as heart rate monitors and hip and wrist accelerometers that will ultimately transform epidemiological research and have the potential to be widely used in the implementation of prevention. In collaboration with the SMART group (http://www.smart-stats.org/) from the JHSPH department of biostatistics, I am working to develop new methodology to analyze and translate heart rate and accelerometry data into accurate and reliable measures of physical activity in older populations. This work is crucial to understanding changes in energy expenditure and physical function with age and for managing and treating chronic conditions in older adults.
Honors and Awards
2014 K01 Career Development Award, National Institute on Aging
2014 - 2015 Johns Hopkins Roybal Center Faculty Pilot Award
2013 - 2014 Johns Hopkins Center for AIDS Research Faculty Development Award
2011 - 2012 National Institute on Aging Postdoctoral Fellowship
2007 – 2011 National Institute on Aging Epidemiology and Biostatistics of Aging Training Grant Fellow, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Schrack JA, Zipunnikov V, Goldsmith AJ, Crainiceanu CM, Simonsick EM, Ferrucci L. Assessing the “Physical Cliff”: Detailed Quantification of Physical Activity and Aging. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2014 Aug;69(8):973-9. PMID: 24336819.
Schrack JA, Knuth ND, Simonsick EM, Ferrucci L. “IDEAL” aging is associated with lower resting metabolic rate: the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging. J Am Geriatr Soc 2014 Apr;62(4):667-72. PMID: 24635835.
Schrack JA, Simonsick EM, Chaves PHM, Ferrucci L. The Role of Energetic Cost in Gait Speed Decline. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2012 Oct;60(10):1811.
Schrack JA, Zipunnikov V, Goldsmith AJ, Bandeen-Roche K, Crainiceanu CM, Ferrucci L. Estimating Energy Expenditure from Heart Rate in Older Adults: a Case for Calibration. PLoS One. 2014 Apr 30;9(4):e93520. eCollection 2014. PMID: 24787146
Schrack JA, Simonsick EM, Ferrucci L. The Energetic Pathway to Mobility Loss: An Emerging New Framework for Longitudinal Studies on Aging. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2010 Oct 1;58:S329.